KBRA assigns preliminary ratings to two classes of notes issued by Pagaya AI Debt Trust 2023-3 (“PAID 2023-3”), a consumer loan ABS transaction.
Pagaya Structured Products LLC is a 100% owned subsidiary of Pagaya US Holding Company LLC (formerly known as Pagaya Investments US LLC), which is a 100% owned subsidiary of Pagaya Technologies Ltd. (“Pagaya Technologies”), an Israeli corporation. Pagaya Technologies is a financial technology company in the lending marketplace that uses machine learning, big data analytics, and AI-driven credit and analysis technology. This transaction is the eighth publicly rated securitization sponsored by Pagaya Structured Products LLC (collectively with its affiliates, “Pagaya” or the “Company”). Previously, Pagaya US Holding Company LLC served as sponsor for 16 securitizations of unsecured consumer assets. Overall, Pagaya has completed 34 securitizations for over $14 billion since 2018 with 24 collateralized by unsecured consumer assets, eight securitizations collateralized by auto loan receivables, and two securitizations collateralized by a loan backed by single family rental properties.
PAID 2023-3 has initial credit enhancement levels of 37.30% for the Class A notes and 26.65% for the Class B notes and 3.00% for Class C notes. Credit enhancement is comprised of overcollateralization, subordination of junior note classes, a cash reserve account, and excess spread.
PAID 2023-3 will issue three classes of notes totaling to $487.5 million with KBRA rating the Class A and Class B notes totaling to $369.250 million. KBRA is not providing ratings on the Class C notes. The proceeds from the sale of the notes and collections will be used to fund: (i) the prefunding account; (ii) the reserve account; and (iii) pay certain transaction expenses. PAID 2023-3 is a fully prefunded transaction where there is no collateral funded at closing and the notes are initially supported by amounts deposited in the prefunding account. During the three-month prefunding period, the amounts on deposit in the prefunding account will be used to purchase unsecured consumer loans, subject to eligibility criteria and concentration limits, from the following MPL platforms: LendingClub Bank, National Association (“LendingClub”); MF Consumer Loan Trust (“Marlette”); Prosper Funding LLC (“Prosper”); Avant, LLC (“Avant”); and Upgrade, Inc. (“Upgrade”); SoFi Lending Corp (“SoFi”), and RockLoans Marketplace LLC (“Rocket”) (collectively, the “Platform Sellers”). Loans originated on the SoFi and Rocket Platform will be sold directly to the depositor by Cross River Bank. In addition, Pagaya may direct the Depositor to purchase loans originated through a Platform Seller but which are held by its originating bank, including LendingClub and Cross River Bank (“CRB”). Each Platform Seller or an affiliate of each Platform Seller will act as servicer for the loans originated through its platform. Loans originated by an Originating Bank are serviced by the Originating Bank, the Platform Seller, or an affiliate of the Platform Seller. Loans directed for purchase by Pagaya are originated by or sold through the Platform Sellers with the assistance of proprietary credit technology provided by Pagaya Technologies. This proprietary credit technology is used to assess the credit quality of borrowers or potential borrowers of the Platform Sellers and is based on artificial intelligence and machine learning.
KBRA applied its Consumer Loan ABS Global Rating Methodology, as well as its Global Structured Finance Counterparty Methodology and ESG Global Rating Methodology as part of its analysis of the transaction’s proposed capital structure and Pagaya’s historical gross loss data. KBRA considered its operational reviews of Pagaya and each of the Platform Sellers, as well as periodic update calls with the Company and Platform Sellers. KBRA has conducted surveillance on each platform’s recent securitizations. Operative agreements and legal opinions will be reviewed prior to closing.
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- Consumer Loan ABS Global Rating Methodology
- Global Structured Finance Counterparty Methodology
- ESG Global Rating Methodology
Further information on key credit considerations, sensitivity analyses that consider what factors can affect these credit ratings and how they could lead to an upgrade or a downgrade, and ESG factors (where they are a key driver behind the change to the credit rating or rating outlook) can be found in the full rating report referenced above.
A description of all substantially material sources that were used to prepare the credit rating and information on the methodology(ies) (inclusive of any material models and sensitivity analyses of the relevant key rating assumptions, as applicable) used in determining the credit rating is available in the Information Disclosure Form(s) located here.
Information on the meaning of each rating category can be located here.
Further disclosures relating to this rating action are available in the Information Disclosure Form(s) referenced above. Additional information regarding KBRA policies, methodologies, rating scales and disclosures are available at www.kbra.com.
Kroll Bond Rating Agency, LLC (KBRA) is a full-service credit rating agency registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission as an NRSRO. Kroll Bond Rating Agency Europe Limited is registered as a CRA with the European Securities and Markets Authority. Kroll Bond Rating Agency UK Limited is registered as a CRA with the UK Financial Conduct Authority. In addition, KBRA is designated as a designated rating organization by the Ontario Securities Commission for issuers of asset-backed securities to file a short form prospectus or shelf prospectus. KBRA is also recognized by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners as a Credit Rating Provider.
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