10 Q 6.30.2013
Table of Contents                            

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT
(Mark One)
 
 
þ
 
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2013
OR
o
 
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
 
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number: 1-12162
BORGWARNER INC.
________________________________________________
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
13-3404508
State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or organization
 
Identification No.)
 
 
 
3850 Hamlin Road, Auburn Hills, Michigan
 
48326
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (248) 754-9200
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
YES þ  NO o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
YES þ  NO o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
þ
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
Smaller reporting company
o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
YES o  NO þ
As of July 19, 2013, the registrant had 114,476,769 shares of voting common stock outstanding.



BORGWARNER INC.
FORM 10-Q
THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2013
INDEX
 
Page No.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Table of Contents                            

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
BORGWARNER INC. AND CONSOLIDATED SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)

(millions of dollars)
June 30,
2013
 
December 31, 2012
ASSETS

 

Cash
$
817.0

 
$
715.7

Receivables, net
1,339.7

 
1,147.3

Inventories, net
439.2

 
447.6

Deferred income taxes
58.1

 
94.7

Prepayments and other current assets
82.9

 
67.5

Total current assets
2,736.9

 
2,472.8




 


Property, plant and equipment, net
1,796.3

 
1,788.0

Investments and advances
392.2

 
382.7

Goodwill
1,172.2

 
1,181.4

Other non-current assets
607.8

 
575.9

Total assets
$
6,705.4

 
$
6,400.8




 


LIABILITIES AND EQUITY


 


Notes payable and other short-term debt
$
316.8

 
$
243.4

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
1,359.1

 
1,287.2

Income taxes payable
40.7

 
72.5

Total current liabilities
1,716.6

 
1,603.1




 


Long-term debt
913.3

 
823.8

Other non-current liabilities:


 


Retirement-related liabilities
502.6

 
509.7

Other
316.9

 
318.1

Total other non-current liabilities
819.5

 
827.8




 


Common stock
1.2

 
1.2

Capital in excess of par value
1,129.3

 
1,160.7

Retained earnings
2,927.3

 
2,611.2

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(187.8
)
 
(121.3
)
Common stock held in treasury
(674.9
)
 
(569.2
)
Total BorgWarner Inc. stockholders’ equity
3,195.1

 
3,082.6

Noncontrolling interest
60.9

 
63.5

Total equity
3,256.0

 
3,146.1

Total liabilities and equity
$
6,705.4

 
$
6,400.8


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

3

Table of Contents                            

BORGWARNER INC. AND CONSOLIDATED SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)

 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in millions, except per share amounts)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Net sales
$
1,893.9

 
$
1,856.4

 
$
3,745.0

 
$
3,768.9

Cost of sales
1,497.3

 
1,473.2

 
2,973.7

 
2,989.9

Gross profit
396.6

 
383.2

 
771.3

 
779.0


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
155.6

 
153.1

 
314.9

 
322.1

Other (income) expense
(2.4
)
 
36.6

 
14.5

 
37.7

Operating income
243.4

 
193.5

 
441.9

 
419.2


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity in affiliates’ earnings, net of tax
(11.1
)
 
(12.5
)
 
(20.8
)
 
(21.7
)
Interest income
(1.0
)
 
(1.3
)
 
(2.0
)
 
(2.7
)
Interest expense and finance charges
8.8

 
12.6

 
18.5

 
27.7

Earnings before income taxes and noncontrolling interest
246.7

 
194.7

 
446.2

 
415.9


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Provision for income taxes
66.6

 
68.5

 
117.5

 
126.0

Net earnings
180.1

 
126.2

 
328.7

 
289.9

Net earnings attributable to the noncontrolling interest, net of tax
6.0

 
5.6

 
12.6

 
11.3

Net earnings attributable to BorgWarner Inc. 
$
174.1

 
$
120.6

 
$
316.1

 
$
278.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share — basic
$
1.52

 
$
1.08

 
$
2.75

 
$
2.53

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share — diluted
$
1.50

 
$
1.00

 
$
2.72

 
$
2.28

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
114.748

 
112.139

 
114.967

 
110.280

Diluted
116.101

 
121.473

 
116.333

 
124.608



See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

4

Table of Contents                            

BORGWARNER INC. AND CONSOLIDATED SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(UNAUDITED)

 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(millions of dollars)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Net earnings attributable to BorgWarner Inc. 
$
174.1

 
$
120.6

 
$
316.1

 
$
278.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(5.0
)
 
(90.7
)
 
(89.8
)
 
(45.9
)
Hedge instruments
2.5

 
1.4

 
13.6

 
11.0

Defined benefit postretirement plans
3.4

 
1.0

 
9.2

 
2.6

Other
0.5

 
0.5

 
0.5

 
0.5

Total other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to BorgWarner Inc.
1.4

 
(87.8
)
 
(66.5
)
 
(31.8
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income attributable to BorgWarner Inc.
175.5

 
32.8

 
249.6

 
246.8

Comprehensive (loss) income attributable to the noncontrolling interest
(1.1
)
 
(0.8
)
 
(2.3
)
 
0.1

Comprehensive income
$
174.4

 
$
32.0

 
$
247.3

 
$
246.9



See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


5

Table of Contents                            

BORGWARNER INC. AND CONSOLIDATED SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(millions of dollars)
2013
 
2012
OPERATING
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
328.7

 
$
289.9

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash flows from operations:
 
 
 
Non-cash charges (credits) to operations:
 
 
 
Depreciation and tooling amortization
137.5

 
126.8

Amortization of intangible assets and other
13.4

 
14.7

Loss from disposal activities, net of cash paid

 
34.8

Bond amortization

 
5.3

Stock-based compensation expense
22.4

 
31.1

Deferred income tax benefit
(10.3
)
 
(5.6
)
Equity in affiliates’ earnings, net of dividends received, and other
(26.0
)
 
(7.9
)
Net earnings adjusted for non-cash charges to operations
465.7

 
489.1

Changes in assets and liabilities:


 
 

Receivables
(220.7
)
 
(162.2
)
Inventories
(8.9
)
 
(27.3
)
Prepayments and other current assets
(26.7
)
 
(15.2
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
102.6

 
25.9

Income taxes payable
(27.5
)
 
8.3

Other non-current assets and liabilities
15.5

 
(8.5
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
300.0

 
310.1




 


INVESTING


 
 

Capital expenditures, including tooling outlays
(194.8
)
 
(188.4
)
Net proceeds from asset disposals
15.7

 
2.5

Net proceeds from sale of business

 
1.6

Net cash used in investing activities
(179.1
)
 
(184.3
)



 


FINANCING


 
 

Net increase (decrease) in notes payable
77.4

 
(9.4
)
Additions to long-term debt, net of debt issuance costs
165.7

 
300.0

Repayments of long-term debt, including current portion
(76.8
)
 
(96.2
)
Payments for purchase of treasury stock
(150.5
)
 
(200.3
)
Proceeds from stock options exercised, including the tax benefit
20.0

 
48.2

Taxes paid on employees' restricted stock award vestings
(29.0
)
 
(17.6
)
Dividends paid to noncontrolling stockholders
(9.0
)
 
(14.4
)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
(2.2
)
 
10.3

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(17.4
)
 
(13.8
)
Net increase in cash
101.3

 
122.3

Cash at beginning of year
715.7

 
359.6

Cash at end of period
$
817.0

 
$
481.9


 
 
 
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION
 
 
 

Net cash paid during the period for:
 
 
 

Interest
$
24.9

 
$
31.9

Income taxes
$
142.8

 
$
87.3


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

6

Table of Contents                            

BORGWARNER INC. AND CONSOLIDATED SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

(1)      Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of BorgWarner Inc. and Consolidated Subsidiaries (the “Company”) have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes necessary for a comprehensive presentation of financial position, results of operations and cash flow activity required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of results have been included. Operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2013. The balance sheet as of December 31, 2012 was derived from the audited financial statements as of that date. For further information, refer to the Consolidated Financial Statements and Footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012.

Management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and accompanying notes, as well as, the amounts of revenues and expenses reported during the periods covered by those financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

(2) Research and Development Expenditures

The Company's net Research & Development ("R&D") expenditures are included in selling, general and administrative expenses of the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Customer reimbursements are netted against gross R&D expenditures as they are considered a recovery of cost. Customer reimbursements for prototypes are recorded net of prototype costs based on customer contracts, typically either when the prototype is shipped or when it is accepted by the customer. Customer reimbursements for engineering services are recorded when performance obligations are satisfied in accordance with the contract and accepted by the customer. Financial risks and rewards transfer upon shipment, acceptance of a prototype component by the customer or upon completion of the performance obligation as stated in the respective customer agreement.

The following table presents the Company’s gross and net expenditures on R&D activities:

 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(millions of dollars)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Gross R&D expenditures
$
84.0

 
$
76.7

 
$
166.2

 
$
152.9

Customer reimbursements
(11.4
)
 
(10.1
)
 
(21.8
)
 
(18.6
)
Net R&D expenditures
$
72.6

 
$
66.6

 
$
144.4

 
$
134.3


The Company has contracts with several customers at the Company's various R&D locations. No such contract exceeded 5% of annual net R&D expenditures in any of the periods presented.


7

Table of Contents                            

(3) Other (Income) Expense

Items included in other (income) expense consist of:
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(millions of dollars)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Program termination agreement
$

 
$

 
$
11.3

 
$

Retirement related obligations

 

 
5.9

 

Loss from disposal activities

 
37.9

 

 
37.9

Other
(2.4
)
 
(1.3
)
 
(2.7
)
 
(0.2
)
Other (income) expense
$
(2.4
)
 
$
36.6

 
$
14.5

 
$
37.7


During the first quarter of 2013, the Company recorded an $11.3 million expense related to a program termination agreement, which was paid in the second and third quarters of 2013.

During the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company waived the forfeiture provision associated with future restricted stock grants made to certain retiring Named Executive Officers. The Company recorded a $5.9 million retirement related obligation primarily related to a first quarter 2013 grant of restricted stock awards to these Named Executive Officers.

During the second quarter of 2012, the Company signed a Master Purchase Agreement to sell its spark plug business to Federal-Mogul Corporation. As a result, the Company recorded expense of $37.9 million primarily to write-down prior purchase price accounting adjustments included within the disposal group. These purchase price accounting adjustments were originally recorded in the Engine segment and related to the BERU acquisition.

(4) Income Taxes

The Company's provision for income taxes is based upon an estimated annual tax rate for the year applied to federal, state and foreign income. On a quarterly basis, the annual effective tax rate is adjusted, as appropriate, based upon changed facts and circumstances, if any, as compared to those forecasted at the beginning of the fiscal year and each interim period thereafter.

At June 30, 2013, the Company estimated its U.S. GAAP effective tax rate to be approximately 26% for the year ending December 31, 2013, which includes tax benefits of $3.8 million and $2.1 million related to the program termination agreement and retirement related obligations discussed in the Other (Income) Expense footnote. This rate also includes a net tax benefit of $1.7 million, which is comprised of a $6.6 million tax benefit related to the extension of the federal research and development credit and other international tax provisions resulting from the retroactive impact of U.S. legislation enacted in January 2013, partially offset by a $4.9 million tax expense related to a comprehensive income adjustment.

At June 30, 2012, the Company estimated its U.S. GAAP effective tax rate to be approximately 29% for the year ending December 31, 2012. This rate included a tax benefit of $5.5 million associated with the $37.9 million loss from disposal activities recorded in the second quarter of 2012 and an expense of $9.0 million associated with the Company's decision to change its cash repatriation assertion for some of its foreign subsidiaries.

The annual effective tax rates differ from the U.S. statutory rate primarily due to foreign rates which differ from those in the U.S., the realization of certain business tax credits, including foreign tax credits, and favorable permanent differences between book and tax treatment for certain items, including equity in affiliates' earnings.


8

Table of Contents                            

(5) Inventories, net

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market. The cost of U.S. inventories is determined by the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) method, while the operations outside the U.S. use the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) or average-cost methods. Inventories consisted of the following:
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
(millions of dollars)
2013
 
2012
Raw material and supplies
$
263.8

 
$
264.0

Work in progress
77.2

 
82.0

Finished goods
112.5

 
117.6

FIFO inventories
453.5

 
463.6

LIFO reserve
(14.3
)
 
(16.0
)
Inventories, net
$
439.2

 
$
447.6


(6) Property, Plant and Equipment, net
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
(millions of dollars)
2013
 
2012
Land, land use rights and buildings
$
687.6

 
$
717.2

Machinery and equipment
1,893.2

 
2,282.4

Capital leases
2.4

 
2.3

Construction in progress
277.4

 
243.7

Total property, plant and equipment, gross
2,860.6

 
3,245.6

Less: accumulated depreciation
(1,170.6
)
 
(1,567.0
)
Property, plant and equipment, net, excluding tooling
1,690.0

 
1,678.6

Tooling, net of amortization
106.3

 
109.4

Property, plant and equipment, net
$
1,796.3

 
$
1,788.0


As of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, accounts payable of $30.6 million and $39.8 million, respectively, were related to property, plant and equipment purchases.

Interest costs capitalized for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 were $5.0 million and $9.0 million, respectively.

(7) Product Warranty

The Company provides warranties on some, but not all, of its products. The warranty terms are typically from one to three years. Provisions for estimated expenses related to product warranty are made at the time products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information about the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claim settlements as well as product manufacturing and industry developments and recoveries from third parties. Management actively studies trends of warranty claims and takes action to improve product quality and minimize warranty claims. Management believes that the warranty accrual is appropriate; however, actual claims incurred could differ from the original estimates, requiring adjustments to the accrual.


9

Table of Contents                            

The following table summarizes the activity in the product warranty accrual accounts:

(millions of dollars)
2013
 
2012
Beginning balance, January 1
$
64.9

 
$
72.7

Provisions
21.0

 
17.1

Payments
(18.2
)
 
(16.5
)
Translation adjustment
(1.2
)
 
(0.9
)
Ending balance, June 30
$
66.5

 
$
72.4


The product warranty liability is classified in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as follows:
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
(millions of dollars)
2013
 
2012
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
34.9

 
$
33.1

Other non-current liabilities
31.6

 
31.8

Total product warranty liability
$
66.5

 
$
64.9


(8) Notes Payable and Long-Term Debt

As of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, the Company had short-term and long-term debt outstanding as follows:
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
(millions of dollars)
2013
 
2012
Short-term debt


 


Short-term borrowings
$
206.7

 
$
129.1

Receivables securitization
110.0

 
110.0

Total short-term debt
$
316.7

 
$
239.1




 


Long-term debt


 


5.75% Senior notes due 11/01/16 ($150 million par value)
$
149.6

 
$
149.6

8.00% Senior notes due 10/01/19 ($134 million par value)
133.9

 
133.9

4.625% Senior notes due 09/15/20 ($250 million par value)
248.1

 
247.9

7.125% Senior notes due 02/15/29 ($121 million par value)
119.4

 
119.4

Multi-currency revolving credit facility
220.0

 
140.0

Term loan facilities and other
24.2

 
17.1

Unamortized portion of debt derivatives
18.2

 
20.2

Total long-term debt
913.4

 
828.1

Less: current portion
0.1

 
4.3

Long-term debt, net of current portion
$
913.3

 
$
823.8


The weighted average interest rate on all borrowings outstanding as of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012 was 3.6% and 4.0%, respectively.


10

Table of Contents                            

The Company's multi-currency revolving credit facility includes a feature that allows the Company's borrowings to be increased to $1 billion. Utilizing this feature, on April 12, 2013, the Company increased its multi-currency revolving credit facility from $650 million to $750 million. The credit facility provides for borrowings through June 30, 2016 and is guaranteed by the Company's material domestic subsidiaries. The credit facility has two key financial covenants, a debt compared to EBITDA (“Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization”) test and an interest coverage test. The Company was in compliance with all covenants at June 30, 2013 and expects to remain compliant in future periods. At June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, the Company had outstanding borrowings of $220.0 million and $140.0 million, respectively, under this facility.

As of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, the estimated fair values of the Company’s senior unsecured notes totaled $736.5 million and $770.3 million, respectively. The estimated fair values were $85.5 million and $119.5 million higher than their carrying value at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively. Fair market values of the senior unsecured notes are developed using observable values for similar debt instruments, which are considered Level 2 inputs as defined by ASC Topic 820. The carrying value of the Company's multi-currency revolving credit facility is equal to its fair value. The fair value estimates do not necessarily reflect the values the Company could realize in the current markets.

The Company had outstanding letters of credit of $23.9 million and $59.1 million at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively. The letters of credit typically act as guarantees of payment to certain third parties in accordance with specified terms and conditions.

(9) Fair Value Measurements

ASC Topic 820 emphasizes that fair value is a market-based measurement, not an entity specific measurement. Therefore, a fair value measurement should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. As a basis for considering market participant assumptions in fair value measurements, ASC Topic 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair values as follows:

Level 1:
Observable inputs such as quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets;
Level 2:
Inputs, other than quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3:
Unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are based on one or more of the following three valuation techniques noted in ASC Topic 820:

A.
Market approach: Prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets, liabilities or a group of assets or liabilities, such as a business.
B.
Cost approach: Amount that would be required to replace the service capacity of an asset (replacement cost).
C.
Income approach: Techniques to convert future amounts to a single present amount based upon market expectations (including present value techniques, option-pricing and excess earnings models).


11

Table of Contents                            

The following tables classify assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012:
 
 
 
Basis of fair value measurements
 
 
(millions of dollars)
Balance at
June 30, 2013
 
Quoted prices in active markets for identical items
(Level 1)
 
Significant other observable inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant unobservable inputs
(Level 3)
 
Valuation technique
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency contracts
$
2.4

 
$

 
$
2.4

 
$

 
A
Other non-current assets (insurance settlement agreement note receivable)
$
35.4

 
$

 
$
35.4

 
$

 
C
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency contracts
$
11.9

 
$

 
$
11.9

 
$

 
A
Net investment hedge contracts
$
32.0

 
$

 
$
32.0

 
$

 
A
 
 
 
Basis of fair value measurements
 
 
(millions of dollars)
Balance at
December 31, 2012
 
Quoted prices in active markets for identical items
(Level 1)
 
Significant other observable inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant unobservable inputs
(Level 3)
 
Valuation
technique
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency contracts
$
5.9

 
$

 
$
5.9

 
$

 
A
Other non-current assets (insurance settlement agreement note receivable)
$
41.0

 
$

 
$
41.0

 
$

 
C
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency contracts
$
9.8

 
$

 
$
9.8

 
$

 
A
Net investment hedge contracts
$
58.1

 
$

 
$
58.1

 
$

 
A

(10) Financial Instruments

The Company’s financial instruments include cash and marketable securities. Due to the short-term nature of these instruments, their book value approximates their fair value. The Company’s financial instruments also include long-term debt, interest rate and cross-currency swaps, commodity derivative contracts and foreign currency derivatives. All derivative contracts are placed with counterparties that have an S&P, or equivalent, investment grade credit rating at the time of the contracts’ placement. At June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, the Company had no derivative contracts that contained credit risk related contingent features.

The Company selectively uses cross-currency swaps to hedge the foreign currency exposure associated with our net investment in certain foreign operations (net investment hedges). At June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, the following cross-currency swaps were outstanding:

 
 Cross-currency swaps
(in millions)
Notional in
USD
 
Notional in
local currency
 
Duration
Floating $ to floating €
$
75.0

 
58.5

 
Oct - 19
Floating $ to floating ¥
$
150.0

 
¥
17,581.5

 
Nov - 16

The Company uses certain commodity derivative contracts to protect against commodity price changes related to forecasted raw material and supplies purchases. The Company primarily utilizes forward and option contracts, which are designated as cash flow hedges. The Company did not have any commodity derivative contracts outstanding at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012.

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The Company uses foreign currency forward and option contracts to protect against exchange rate movements for forecasted cash flows, including capital expenditures, purchases, operating expenses or sales transactions designated in currencies other than the functional currency of the operating unit. Foreign currency derivative contracts require the Company, at a future date, to either buy or sell foreign currency in exchange for the operating units’ local currency.

At June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, the following foreign currency derivative contracts were outstanding:

Foreign currency derivatives (in millions)
Functional currency
 
Traded currency
 
Notional in traded currency
June 30, 2013
 
Notional in traded currency
December 31, 2012
 
Duration
Brazilian real
 
US dollar
 
5.7

 

 
Dec - 13
British pound
 
Euro
 
14.4

 
28.8

 
Dec - 13
Chinese yuan
 
Japanese yen
 
1,279.4

 

 
Feb - 14
Chinese yuan
 
US dollar
 
22.4

 

 
Dec - 14
Euro
 
British pound
 
2.3

 
4.7

 
Dec - 13
Euro
 
Hungarian forint
 
3,875.0

 
9,300.0

 
Nov - 13
Euro
 
Japanese yen
 
3,073.3

 
6,760.0

 
Dec - 13
Euro
 
Polish zloty
 
32.6

 
87.4

 
Dec - 13
Euro
 
US dollar
 
11.4

 
15.2

 
Dec - 13
Hungarian forint
 
Euro
 
3.1

 

 
Dec - 13
Japanese yen
 
US dollar
 
4.9

 
9.5

 
Dec - 13
Korean won
 
Euro
 
23.1

 
32.4

 
Dec - 14
Korean won
 
Japanese yen
 
285.8

 

 
Jun - 14
Korean won
 
US dollar
 
8.8

 
17.5

 
Dec - 13
Mexican peso
 
US dollar
 
13.8

 
20.9

 
Dec - 13
Swedish krona
 
Euro
 
24.4

 

 
Dec - 13
US dollar
 
Indian rupee
 
28.2

 
111.1

 
Oct - 13
US dollar
 
Japanese yen
 
3,203.9

 
3,000.0

 
Dec - 13

At June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, the following amounts were recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as being payable to or receivable from counterparties under ASC Topic 815:
 
 
Assets
 
Liabilities
(millions of dollars)
 
Location
 
June 30,
2013
 
December 31, 2012
 
Location
 
June 30,
2013
 
December 31, 2012
Foreign currency contracts
 
Prepayments and other current assets
 
$
2.4

 
$
5.7

 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
$
11.8

 
$
9.8

 
 
Other non-current assets
 
$

 
$
0.2

 
Other non-current liabilities
 
$
0.1

 
$

Net investment hedge contracts
 
Other non-current assets
 
$

 
$

 
Other non-current liabilities
 
$
32.0

 
$
58.1


Effectiveness for cash flow and net investment hedges is assessed at the inception of the hedging relationship and quarterly, thereafter. To the extent that derivative instruments are deemed to be effective, gains and losses arising from these contracts are deferred into accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) ("AOCI") and reclassified into income as the underlying operating transactions are recognized. These realized gains or losses offset the hedged transaction and are recorded on the same line in the statement of operations. To the extent that derivative instruments are deemed to be ineffective, gains or losses are recognized into income.

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The table below shows deferred gains (losses) reported in AOCI as well as the amount expected to be reclassified to income in one year or less. The amount expected to be reclassified to income in one year or less assumes no change in the current relationship of the hedged item at June 30, 2013 market rates.

(millions of dollars)
 
Deferred gain (loss) in AOCI at
 
Gain (loss) expected to be reclassified to income in one year or less
Contract Type
 
June 30,
2013
 
December 31, 2012
 
Foreign currency
 
$
(8.9
)
 
$
(3.5
)
 
$
(8.8
)
Net investment hedges
 
(28.0
)
 
(54.5
)
 

Total
 
$
(36.9
)
 
$
(58.0
)
 
$
(8.8
)

Derivative instruments designated as hedging instruments as defined by ASC Topic 815 held during the period resulted in the following gains and losses recorded in income:

 
 
 
 
Gain (loss) reclassified
from AOCI to income
(effective portion)
 
 
 
Gain (loss)
recognized in income
(ineffective portion)
(millions of dollars)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
Contract Type
 
Location
 
June 30, 2013
 
June 30, 2012
 
Location
 
June 30, 2013
 
June 30, 2012
Foreign currency
 
Sales
 
$
(0.3
)
 
$
1.2

 
SG&A expense
 
$
0.1

 
$

Foreign currency
 
Cost of goods sold
 
$
(4.6
)
 
$
0.7

 
SG&A expense
 
$
(0.4
)
 
$

Foreign currency
 
SG&A expense
 
$
(0.1
)
 
$

 
SG&A expense
 
$

 
$

Cross-currency swap
 
N/A
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
 
$
0.4

 
$
(3.1
)

 
 
 
 
Gain (loss) reclassified
from AOCI to income
(effective portion)
 
 
 
Gain (loss)
recognized in income
(ineffective portion)
(millions of dollars)
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
Contract Type
 
Location
 
June 30, 2013
 
June 30, 2012
 
Location
 
June 30, 2013
 
June 30, 2012
Foreign currency
 
Sales
 
$
0.9

 
$
1.5

 
SG&A expense
 
$
0.2

 
$

Foreign currency
 
Cost of goods sold
 
$
(6.0
)
 
$
1.1

 
SG&A expense
 
$
(0.7
)
 
$

Foreign currency
 
SG&A expense
 
$
(0.1
)
 
$

 
SG&A expense
 
$

 
$

Cross-currency swap
 
N/A
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
 
$
(0.3
)
 
$
(2.2
)

At June 30, 2013, derivative instruments that were not designated as hedging instruments as defined by ASC Topic 815 were immaterial.

(11) Retirement Benefit Plans

The Company has a number of defined benefit pension plans and other postretirement benefit plans covering eligible salaried and hourly employees and their dependents. The estimated contributions to the Company's defined benefit pension plans for 2013 range from $15 million to $25 million, of which $10.0 million has been contributed through the first six months of the year. The other postretirement benefit plans, which provide medical and life insurance benefits, are unfunded plans.


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The components of net periodic benefit cost recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations are as follows:

 
 
Pension benefits
 
Other post-
retirement benefits
(millions of dollars)
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
US
 
Non-US
 
US
 
Non-US
 
 
Service cost
 
$

 
$
3.1

 
$

 
$
2.3

 
$
0.1

 
$
0.2

Interest cost
 
2.9

 
4.0

 
3.6

 
4.3

 
1.7

 
2.5

Expected return on plan assets
 
(4.5
)
 
(2.7
)
 
(4.7
)
 
(2.3
)
 

 

Amortization of unrecognized prior service benefit
 
(0.2
)
 

 
(0.2
)
 

 
(1.6
)
 
(1.6
)
Amortization of unrecognized loss
 
2.0

 
1.3

 
2.1

 
0.2

 
1.3

 
1.7

Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
0.2

 
$
5.7

 
$
0.8

 
$
4.5

 
$
1.5

 
$
2.8


 
 
Pension benefits
 
Other post-
retirement benefits
(millions of dollars)
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
US
 
Non-US
 
US
 
Non-US
 
 
Service cost
 
$

 
$
6.2

 
$

 
$
4.6

 
$
0.2

 
$
0.3

Interest cost
 
5.8

 
8.2

 
7.2

 
8.7

 
3.4

 
5.1

Expected return on plan assets
 
(9.1
)
 
(5.4
)
 
(9.4
)
 
(4.6
)
 

 

Amortization of unrecognized prior service benefit
 
(0.4
)
 

 
(0.4
)
 

 
(3.2
)
 
(3.2
)
Amortization of unrecognized loss
 
4.1

 
2.6

 
4.1

 
0.5

 
2.5

 
3.4

Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
0.4

 
$
11.6

 
$
1.5

 
$
9.2

 
$
2.9

 
$
5.6


(12) Stock-Based Compensation

Under the Company's 1993 Stock Incentive Plan (“1993 Plan”), the Company granted options to purchase shares of the Company's common stock at the fair market value on the date of grant. The options vested over periods up to three years and have a term of 10 years from date of grant. As of December 31, 2003, there were no options available for future grants under the 1993 Plan. The 1993 Plan expired at the end of 2003 and was replaced by the Company's 2004 Stock Incentive Plan. Under this Plan, 12.5 million shares are authorized for grant, of which approximately 1.5 million shares are available for future issuance.

Stock options A summary of the Company’s stock option activity for the six months ended June 30, 2013 is as follows:

 
Shares under option
(thousands)
 
Weighted average exercise price
 
Weighted average remaining contractual life
(in years)
 
Aggregate intrinsic value
(in millions)
Outstanding and exercisable at December 31, 2012
1,436

 
$
30.65

 
3.4
 
$
58.8

Exercised
(81
)
 
$
28.43

 
 
 
 
Outstanding and exercisable at March 31, 2013
1,355

 
$
30.78

 
3.2
 
$
63.1

Exercised
(201
)
 
$
27.56

 
 
 
 
Outstanding and exercisable at June 30, 2013
1,154

 
$
31.34

 
3.1
 
$
63.2


Restricted stock At its November 2007 meeting, the Company's Compensation Committee decided that restricted common stock awards and stock units ("restricted stock") would be awarded in place of stock options for long-term incentive award grants to employees. Restricted stock granted to employees vests 50% after two years and the remainder after three years from the date of grant. Restricted stock granted to non-employee directors generally vests on the anniversary date of the grant.

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The value of restricted stock is determined by the market value of the Company’s common stock at the date of grant. In 2013, restricted stock in the amount of 373,197 and 14,140 shares was granted to employees and non-employee directors, respectively, under the 2004 Stock Incentive Plan. The value of the awards is recorded as unearned compensation within capital in excess of par value in equity and is amortized as compensation expense over the restriction periods.

The Company recorded restricted stock compensation expense of $4.8 million and $15.9 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, respectively, and $5.2 million and $9.9 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively.

During the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company waived the forfeiture provision associated with future restricted stock grants made to certain retiring Named Executive Officers. The expense of $15.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 includes $5.5 million of expense related to the grant of restricted stock awards to these Named Executive Officers.

A summary of the Company’s restricted stock activity for the six months ended June 30, 2013 is as follows:
 
Shares subject to restriction
(thousands)
 
Weighted average price
Outstanding at December 31, 2012
1,032

 
$
58.77

Granted
372

 
$
75.41

Vested
(331
)
 
$
47.69

Forfeited
(19
)
 
$
68.14

Outstanding at March 31, 2013
1,054

 
$
67.71

Granted
15

 
$
75.32

Vested
(65
)
 
$
72.93

Forfeited
(12
)
 
$
75.68

Outstanding at June 30, 2013
992

 
$
67.37


(13) Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income

The following table summarizes the activity within accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income during the six months ended June 30, 2013:

(millions of dollars)
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
Hedge instruments
 
Defined benefit postretirement plans
 
Other
 
Total
Beginning Balance, December 31, 2012
 
$
140.8

 
$
(37.2
)
 
$
(225.8
)
 
$
0.9

 
$
(121.3
)
Comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
 
(89.8
)
 
15.8

 
1.4

 
0.5

 
(72.1
)
Income taxes associated with comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
 

 
(8.4
)
 

 

 
(8.4
)
Reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
 

 
5.2

 
5.6

 

 
10.8

Income taxes reclassified into net earnings
 

 
1.0

 
2.2

 

 
3.2

Ending Balance June 30, 2013
 
$
51.0

 
$
(23.6
)
 
$
(216.6
)
 
$
1.4

 
$
(187.8
)


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(14)  Contingencies

In the normal course of business, the Company is party to various commercial and legal claims, actions and complaints, including matters involving warranty claims, intellectual property claims, general liability and various other risks. It is not possible to predict with certainty whether or not the Company will ultimately be successful in any of these commercial and legal matters or, if not, what the impact might be. The Company's environmental and product liability contingencies are discussed separately below. The Company's management does not expect that the results in any of these commercial and legal claims, actions and complaints will have a material adverse effect on the Company's results of operations, financial position or cash flows.

Litigation

In January 2006, BorgWarner Diversified Transmission Products Inc. ("DTP"), a subsidiary of the Company, filed a declaratory judgment action in United States District Court, Southern District of Indiana (Indianapolis Division) against the United Automobile, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implements Workers of America (“UAW”) Local No. 287 and Gerald Poor, individually and as the representative of a defendant class. DTP sought the Court's affirmation that DTP did not violate the Labor-Management Relations Act or the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) by unilaterally amending certain medical plans effective April 1, 2006 and October 1, 2006, prior to the expiration of the then-current collective bargaining agreements. On September 10, 2008, the Court found that DTP's reservation of the right to make such amendments reducing the level of benefits provided to retirees was limited by its collectively bargained health insurance agreement with the UAW, which did not expire until April 24, 2009. Thus, the amendments were untimely. In 2008, the Company recorded a charge of $4.0 million as a result of the Court's decision.

DTP filed a declaratory judgment action in the United States District Court, Southern District of Indiana (Indianapolis Division) against the UAW Local No. 287 and Jim Barrett and others, individually and as representatives of a defendant class, on February 26, 2009 again seeking the Court's affirmation that DTP did not violate the Labor - Management Relations Act or ERISA by modifying the level of benefits provided retirees to make them comparable to other Company retiree benefit plans after April 24, 2009. Certain retirees, on behalf of themselves and others, filed a mirror-image action in the United States District Court, Eastern District of Michigan (Southern Division) on March 11, 2009, for which a class has been certified. During the last quarter of 2009, the action pending in Indiana was dismissed, while the action in Michigan is continuing. The Company is vigorously defending against the suit.  This contingency is subject to many uncertainties, therefore based on the information available to date, the Company cannot reasonably estimate the amount or the range of potential loss, if any. A decision on the merits of the suit could be rendered sometime in 2013.

Environmental

The Company and certain of its current and former direct and indirect corporate predecessors, subsidiaries and divisions have been identified by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and certain state environmental agencies and private parties as potentially responsible parties (“PRPs”) at various hazardous waste disposal sites under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (“Superfund”) and equivalent state laws and, as such, may presently be liable for the cost of clean-up and other remedial activities at 32 such sites. Responsibility for clean-up and other remedial activities at a Superfund site is typically shared among PRPs based on an allocation formula.

The Company believes that none of these matters, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, financial position or cash flows. Generally, this is because either the estimates of the maximum potential liability at a site are not material or the liability will be shared with other PRPs, although no assurance can be given with respect to the ultimate outcome of any such matter.


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Table of Contents                            

Based on information available to the Company (which in most cases includes: an estimate of allocation of liability among PRPs; the probability that other PRPs, many of whom are large, solvent public companies, will fully pay the cost apportioned to them; currently available information from PRPs and/or federal or state environmental agencies concerning the scope of contamination and estimated remediation and consulting costs; and remediation alternatives), the Company has an accrual for indicated environmental liabilities of $3.6 million and $3.9 million at June 30, 2013 and at December 31, 2012, respectively. The Company expects to pay out substantially all of the amounts accrued for environmental liability over the next five years.

In connection with the sale of Kuhlman Electric Corporation (“Kuhlman Electric”), the Company agreed to indemnify the buyer and Kuhlman Electric for certain environmental liabilities, then unknown to the Company, relating to certain operations of Kuhlman Electric that pre-date the Company's 1999 acquisition of Kuhlman Electric. The Company previously settled or obtained dismissals of various lawsuits that were filed against Kuhlman Electric and others, including the Company, on behalf of plaintiffs alleging personal injury relating to alleged environmental contamination at its Crystal Springs, Mississippi plant. The Company filed a lawsuit against Kuhlman Electric and a related entity challenging the validity of the indemnity and the defendants filed counterclaims and a related lawsuit. In addition, two lawsuits by plaintiffs alleging environmental contamination relating to Kuhlman Electric's Crystal Springs plant are still pending and the Company may in the future become subject to further legal proceedings.

Product Liability

Like many other industrial companies who have historically operated in the U.S., the Company (or parties the Company is obligated to indemnify) continues to be named as one of many defendants in asbestos-related personal injury actions. We believe that the Company's involvement is limited because, in general, these claims relate to a few types of automotive friction products that were manufactured many years ago and contained encapsulated asbestos. The nature of the fibers, the encapsulation and the manner of use lead the Company to believe that these products are highly unlikely to cause harm. As of both June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, the Company had approximately 16,000 pending asbestos-related product liability claims, respectively. Of the approximately 16,000 outstanding claims at June 30, 2013, approximately half were pending in jurisdictions that have undergone significant tort and judicial reform activities subsequent to the filing of these claims.

The Company's policy is to vigorously defend against these lawsuits and the Company has been successful in obtaining dismissal of many claims without any payment. The Company expects that the vast majority of the pending asbestos-related product liability claims where it is a defendant (or has an obligation to indemnify a defendant) will result in no payment being made by the Company or its insurers. In 2013, of the approximately 900 claims resolved, 153 (17%) resulted in payment being made to a claimant by or on behalf of the Company. In the full year of 2012, of the approximately 2,400 claims resolved, 308 (13%) resulted in any payment being made to a claimant by or on behalf of the Company.

Prior to June 2004, the settlement and defense costs associated with all claims were paid by the Company's primary layer insurance carriers under a series of funding arrangements. In addition to the primary insurance available for asbestos-related claims, the Company has substantial excess insurance coverage available for potential future asbestos-related product claims. In June 2004, primary layer insurance carriers notified the Company of the alleged exhaustion of their policy limits.

A declaratory judgment action was filed in January 2004 in the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois by Continental Casualty Company and related companies against the Company and certain of its historical general liability insurers. The court has issued a number of interim rulings and discovery is continuing. The Company has entered into settlement agreements with some of its insurance carriers, resolving their coverage disputes by agreeing to pay specified amounts to the Company. The Company is vigorously pursuing the litigation against the remaining insurers.


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Table of Contents                            

Although it is impossible to predict the outcome of pending or future claims or the impact of tort reform legislation that may be enacted at the state or federal levels, due to the encapsulated nature of the products, the Company's experience in vigorously defending and resolving claims in the past, and the Company's significant insurance coverage with solvent carriers as of the date of this filing, management does not believe that asbestos-related product liability claims are likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company's results of operations, financial position or cash flows.

To date, the Company has paid and accrued $254.3 million in defense and indemnity in advance of insurers' reimbursement and has received $124.8 million in cash and notes from insurers. The net balance of $129.5 million, is expected to be fully recovered, of which approximately $20.0 million is expected to be recovered within one year. Timing of recovery is dependent on final resolution of the declaratory judgment action referred to above or additional negotiated settlements. At December 31, 2012, insurers owed $111.0 million in association with these claims.

In addition to the $129.5 million net balance relating to past settlements and defense costs, the Company has estimated a liability of $103.6 million for claims asserted, but not yet resolved and their related defense costs at June 30, 2013. The Company also has a related asset of $103.6 million to recognize proceeds from the insurance carriers, which is expected to be fully recovered. Receipt of these proceeds is not expected prior to the resolution of the declaratory judgment action referred to above, which, more-likely-than-not, will occur subsequent to June 30, 2014. At December 31, 2012, the comparable value of the accrued liability and associated insurance asset was $85.6 million.

The amounts recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets related to the estimated future settlement of existing claims are as follows:
(millions of dollars)
June 30,
2013
 
December 31, 2012
Assets:
 
 
 
Prepayments and other current assets
$

 
$

Other non-current assets
103.6

 
85.6

Total insurance assets
$
103.6

 
$
85.6

Liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
41.8

 
$
36.5

Other non-current liabilities
61.8

 
49.1

Total accrued liabilities
$
103.6

 
$
85.6


The 2013 increase in the accrued liability and associated insurance asset is primarily due to an expected higher rate of claim settlement based on recent litigation claim activity.

The Company cannot reasonably estimate possible losses, if any, in excess of those for which it has accrued, because it cannot predict how many additional claims may be brought against the Company (or parties the Company has an obligation to indemnify) in the future, the allegations in such claims, the possible outcomes, or the impact of tort reform legislation that may be enacted at the state or federal levels.

(15) Earnings Per Share

The Company presents both basic and diluted earnings per share of common stock (“EPS”) amounts. Basic EPS is calculated by dividing net earnings attributable to BorgWarner Inc. by the weighted average shares of common stock outstanding during the reporting period. Diluted EPS is calculated by dividing net earnings attributable to BorgWarner Inc. by the weighted average shares of common stock and common equivalent stock outstanding during the reporting period.


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Table of Contents                            

The dilutive impact of stock-based compensation is calculated using the treasury stock method. The treasury stock method assumes that the Company uses the assumed proceeds from the exercise of awards to repurchase common stock at the average market price during the period. The assumed proceeds under the treasury stock method include the purchase price that the grantee will pay in the future, compensation cost for future service that the Company has not yet recognized and any windfall/(shortfall) tax benefits that would be credited/(debited) to capital in excess of par value when the award generates a tax deduction. Options are only dilutive when the average market price of the underlying common stock exceeds the exercise price of the options.

Prior to the April 2012 settlement of the Company's 3.50% convertible senior notes, the potential common shares associated with these notes were reflected in diluted EPS using the “if-converted” method. Under this method, if dilutive, the common shares were assumed issued as of the beginning of the reporting period and included in calculating diluted EPS. In addition, if dilutive, interest expense, net of tax, related to the convertible senior notes was added back to the numerator in calculating diluted EPS.

In conjunction with the convertible senior note offering, the Company entered into a bond hedge overlay, including both call options and warrants. Prior to the April 2012 settlement of the call option portion of the bond hedge overlay, the call options were anti-dilutive if the Company's weighted average share price exceeded $32.82 per share. Prior to third and fourth quarter 2012 settlements of the warrant portion of the bond hedge overlay, the warrants were dilutive to the Company's earnings if the Company's weighted-average share price exceeded $38.61 per share.


20

Table of Contents                            

The following table reconciles the numerators and denominators used to calculate basic and diluted earnings per share of common stock:
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in millions, except per share amounts)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Basic earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings attributable to BorgWarner Inc.
$
174.1

 
$
120.6

 
$
316.1

 
$
278.6

Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding
114.748

 
112.139

 
114.967

 
110.280

Basic earnings per share of common stock
$
1.52

 
$
1.08

 
$
2.75

 
$
2.53

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings attributable to BorgWarner Inc.
$
174.1

 
$
120.6

 
$
316.1

 
$
278.6

Adjustment for net interest expense on convertible notes

 
0.8

 

 
5.8

Diluted net earnings attributable to BorgWarner Inc.
$
174.1

 
$
121.4

 
$
316.1

 
$
284.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding
114.748

 
112.139

 
114.967

 
110.280

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effect of 3.50% convertible senior notes

 
1.898

 

 
6.644

Effect of warrant

 
5.499

 

 
5.656

Effect of stock-based compensation
1.353

 
1.937

 
1.366

 
2.028

Total dilutive effect on weighted average shares of common stock outstanding
1.353

 
9.334

 
1.366

 
14.328

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding including dilutive shares
116.101

 
121.473

 
116.333

 
124.608

Diluted earnings per share of common stock
$
1.50

 
$
1.00

 
$
2.72

 
$
2.28

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total anti-dilutive shares:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Call options

 
1.108

 

 
3.879


(16) Reporting Segments

The Company's business is comprised of two reporting segments: Engine and Drivetrain. These segments are strategic business groups, which are managed separately as each represents a specific grouping of related automotive components and systems.

The Company allocates resources to each segment based upon the projected after-tax return on invested capital ("ROIC") of its business initiatives. ROIC is comprised of Adjusted EBIT after deducting notional taxes compared to the projected average capital investment required. Adjusted EBIT is comprised of earnings before interest, income taxes and noncontrolling interest (“EBIT") adjusted for restructuring, goodwill impairment charges, affiliates' earnings and other items not reflective of on-going operating income or loss.

Adjusted EBIT is the measure of segment income or loss used by the Company. The Company believes Adjusted EBIT is most reflective of the operational profitability or loss of our reporting segments. The following tables show segment information and Adjusted EBIT for the Company's reporting segments.


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Table of Contents                            

Net Sales by Reporting Segment
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(millions of dollars)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Engine
$
1,288.3

 
$
1,269.6

 
$
2,545.8

 
$
2,577.8

Drivetrain
613.5

 
593.9

 
1,214.9

 
1,205.3

Inter-segment eliminations
(7.9
)
 
(7.1
)
 
(15.7
)
 
(14.2
)
Net sales
$
1,893.9

 
$
1,856.4

 
$
3,745.0

 
$
3,768.9


Adjusted Earnings Before Interest, Income Taxes and Noncontrolling Interest (“Adjusted EBIT”)
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(millions of dollars)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Engine
$
220.3

 
$
210.5

 
$
422.6

 
$
420.3

Drivetrain
59.8

 
54.6

 
115.8

 
115.8

Adjusted EBIT
280.1

 
265.1

 
538.4

 
536.1

Program termination agreement

 

 
11.3

 

Retirement related obligations

 

 
5.9

 

Loss from disposal activities

 
37.9

 

 
37.9

Corporate, including equity in affiliates' earnings and stock-based compensation
25.6

 
21.2

 
58.5

 
57.3

Interest income
(1.0
)
 
(1.3
)
 
(2.0
)
 
(2.7
)
Interest expense and finance charges
8.8

 
12.6

 
18.5

 
27.7

Earnings before income taxes and noncontrolling interest
246.7

 
194.7

 
446.2

 
415.9

Provision for income taxes
66.6

 
68.5

 
117.5

 
126.0

Net earnings
180.1

 
126.2

 
328.7

 
289.9

Net earnings attributable to the noncontrolling interest, net of tax
6.0

 
5.6

 
12.6

 
11.3

Net earnings attributable to BorgWarner Inc. 
$
174.1

 
$
120.6

 
$
316.1

 
$
278.6


Total Assets
(millions of dollars)
June 30,
2013
 
December 31, 2012
Engine
$
3,451.0

 
$
3,299.2

Drivetrain
1,762.3

 
1,652.2

Total
5,213.3

 
4,951.4

Corporate (a)
1,492.1

 
1,449.4

Total assets
$
6,705.4

 
$
6,400.8

____________________________________
(a)
Corporate assets include investments and advances and deferred income taxes.

(17) New Accounting Pronouncements

In July 2013, the Financial Accounting Standards Board amended ASC Topic 740, "Income Taxes," requiring an unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion of an unrecognized tax benefit, to be presented in the financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward. This guidance is effective prospectively for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2013. The Company anticipates the adoption of this guidance will not have a material impact to its Consolidated Financial Statements.


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Table of Contents                            

(18) Subsequent Events

On July 24, 2013, the Company's Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.25 per share of common stock. The dividend is payable on August 15, 2013 to shareholders of record on August 5, 2013.


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Table of Contents                            

Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
INTRODUCTION

BorgWarner Inc. and Consolidated Subsidiaries (the “Company”) is a leading global supplier of highly engineered automotive systems and components primarily for powertrain applications. Our products help improve vehicle performance, fuel efficiency, stability and air quality. These products are manufactured and sold worldwide, primarily to original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”) of light vehicles (passenger cars, sport-utility vehicles ("SUVs"), vans and light trucks). The Company's products are also sold to other OEMs of commercial vehicles (medium-duty trucks, heavy-duty trucks and buses) and off-highway vehicles (agricultural and construction machinery and marine applications). We also manufacture and sell our products to certain Tier One vehicle systems suppliers and into the aftermarket for light, commercial and off-highway vehicles. The Company operates manufacturing facilities serving customers in the Americas, Europe and Asia and is an original equipment supplier to every major automotive OEM in the world.

The Company's products fall into two reporting segments: Engine and Drivetrain. The Engine segment's products include turbochargers, timing devices and chain products, emissions systems, thermal systems, diesel coldstart, gasoline ignition technology and cabin heaters. The Drivetrain segment's products include transmission components and systems and all-wheel drive torque management systems.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Three Months Ended June 30, 2013 vs. Three Months Ended June 30, 2012

Net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2013 totaled $1,893.9 million, a 2.0% increase from the three months ended June 30, 2012. Excluding the impact of 2012 dispositions and strengthening foreign currencies, primarily the Euro, net sales increased approximately 3%. This increase occurred while estimated light vehicle production was up 3% worldwide, primarily driven by a 5% increase in North America, a 2% increase in Asia and a 1% increase in Europe from the three months ended June 30, 2012.

Cost of sales as a percentage of net sales decreased to 79.1% in the three months ended June 30, 2013 from 79.4% in the three months ended June 30, 2012. Gross profit and gross margin were $396.6 million and 20.9% in the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $383.2 million and 20.6% in the three months ended June 30, 2012. The Company's material cost of sales was approximately 50% of net sales in both the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012. The Company's remaining cost to convert raw material to finished product (conversion cost) decreased compared to the three months ended June 30, 2012. 

Selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2013 increased $2.5 million to $155.6 million from $153.1 million in the three months ended June 30, 2012. SG&A as a percentage of net sales was 8.2% in both the the three months ended June 30, 2013 and June 30, 2012. Research and Development ("R&D") expenses, which are included in SG&A expenses, increased $6.0 million to $72.6 million from $66.6 million as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2012. As a percentage of net sales, R&D expenses were 3.8% and 3.6% in the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Our continued investment in a number of cross-business R&D programs, as well as other key programs, is necessary for the Company’s short- and long-term growth.

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Table of Contents                            


Other expense of $36.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily related to the Master Purchase Agreement entered into by the Company in the second quarter of 2012 to sell its spark plug business to Federal-Mogul Corporation. As a result, the Company recorded expense of $37.9 million primarily to write-down prior purchase price accounting adjustments included within the disposal group. These purchase price accounting adjustments were originally recorded in the Engine segment and related to the BERU acquisition.

Equity in affiliates’ earnings of $11.1 million decreased $1.4 million as compared with the three months ended June 30, 2012 primarily due to lower earnings from the Company's 32.6% interest in Turbo Energy Limited.

Interest expense and finance charges of $8.8 million decreased $3.8 million as compared with the three months ended June 30, 2012 primarily due to income from the Company's cross-currency swaps.

At June 30, 2013, the Company estimated its U.S. GAAP effective tax rate to be approximately 26% for the year ending December 31, 2013, which includes tax benefits of $3.8 million and $2.1 million related to the program termination agreement and retirement related obligations discussed in the Other (Income) Expense footnote. This rate also includes a net tax benefit of $1.7 million, which is comprised of a $6.6 million tax benefit related to the extension of the federal research and development credit and other international tax provisions resulting from the retroactive impact of U.S. legislation enacted in January 2013, partially offset by a $4.9 million tax expense related to a comprehensive income adjustment. Excluding the impact of these non-comparable items, the Company has estimated its annual effective tax rate associated with ongoing operations to be approximately 27% for the year ending December 31, 2013.

At June 30, 2012, the Company estimated its U.S. GAAP effective tax rate to be approximately 29% for the year ending December 31, 2012. This rate included a tax benefit of $5.5 million associated with the $37.9 million loss from disposal activities recorded in the second quarter of 2012 and an expense of $9.0 million associated with the Company's decision to change its cash repatriation assertion for some of its foreign subsidiaries. Excluding the impact of these non-comparable items, the Company estimated its annual effective tax rate associated with ongoing operations to be approximately 27% for the year ending December 31, 2012.

The Company’s earnings per diluted share were $1.50 and $1.00 for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The Company believes the following table is useful in highlighting non-comparable items that impacted its earnings per diluted share.
 
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2012
Non-comparable items:
 
Loss from disposal activities
$
(0.27
)
Tax adjustments
(0.09
)
Total impact of non-comparable items per share — diluted
$
(0.36
)

Six Months Ended June 30, 2013 vs. Six Months Ended June 30, 2012

Net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2013 totaled $3,745.0 million, a 0.6% decrease from the six months ended June 30, 2012. Excluding the impact of 2012 dispositions and strengthening foreign currencies, primarily the Euro, net sales increased approximately 1%. This increase occurred while estimated light vehicle production was up 1% worldwide, primarily driven by 3% increases in both North America and Asia, partially offset by a 4% decrease in Europe from the six months ended June 30, 2012.


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Table of Contents                            

Cost of sales as a percentage of net sales increased to 79.4% in the six months ended June 30, 2013 from 79.3% in the six months ended June 30, 2012. Gross profit and gross margin were $771.3 million and 20.6% in the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $779.0 million and 20.7% in the six months ended June 30, 2012. The Company's material cost of sales was approximately 50% of net sales in both the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012. The Company's remaining cost to convert raw material to finished product (conversion cost) slightly increased compared to the six months ended June 30, 2012. 

SG&A expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2013 decreased $7.2 million to $314.9 million from $322.1 million and decreased as a percentage of net sales to 8.4% from 8.5% in the six months ended June 30, 2012. The decrease in SG&A is primarily due to lower stock-based compensation expense during the six months ended June 30, 2013. R&D expenses, which are included in SG&A expenses, increased $10.1 million to $144.4 million from $134.3 million as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2012. As a percentage of net sales, R&D expenses were 3.9% and 3.6% in the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Our continued investment in a number of cross-business R&D programs, as well as other key programs, is necessary for the Company’s short- and long-term growth.

Other expense of $14.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 is primarily related to an $11.3 million expense associated with a program termination agreement and a $5.9 million retirement related obligation related to a first quarter 2013 grant of restricted stock awards to certain retiring Named Executive Officers, which resulted from the Company's fourth quarter 2012 decision to waive the forfeiture provision associated with future restricted stock grants made to these Named Executive Officers.

Other expense of $37.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily related to the Master Purchase Agreement entered into by the Company in the second quarter of 2012 to sell its spark plug business to Federal-Mogul Corporation. As a result, the Company recorded expense of $37.9 million primarily to write-down prior purchase price accounting adjustments included within the disposal group. These purchase price accounting adjustments were originally recorded in the Engine segment and related to the BERU acquisition.

Equity in affiliates’ earnings was $20.8 million and $21.7 million in the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

Interest expense and finance charges of $18.5 million decreased $9.2 million as compared with the six months ended June 30, 2012 primarily due to the April 2012 settlement of the Company's convertible senior notes and income from the Company's cross-currency swaps in 2013.

At June 30, 2013, the Company estimated its U.S. GAAP effective tax rate to be approximately 26% for the year ending December 31, 2013, which includes tax benefits of $3.8 million and $2.1 million related to the program termination agreement and retirement related obligations discussed in the Other (Income) Expense footnote. This rate also includes a net tax benefit of $1.7 million, which is comprised of a $6.6 million tax benefit related to the extension of the federal research and development credit and other international tax provisions resulting from the retroactive impact of U.S. legislation enacted in January 2013, partially offset by a $4.9 million tax expense related to a comprehensive income adjustment. Excluding the impact of these non-comparable items, the Company has estimated its annual effective tax rate associated with ongoing operations to be approximately 27% for the year ending December 31, 2013.

At June 30, 2012, the Company estimated its U.S. GAAP effective tax rate to be approximately 29% for the year ending December 31, 2012. This rate included a tax benefit of $5.5 million associated with the $37.9 million loss from disposal activities recorded in the second quarter of 2012 and an expense of $9.0 million associated with the Company's decision to change its cash repatriation assertion for some of its foreign subsidiaries. Excluding the impact of these non-comparable items, the Company estimated its annual effective tax rate associated with ongoing operations to be approximately 27% for the year ending December 31, 2012.

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Table of Contents                            


The Company’s earnings per diluted share were $2.72 and $2.28 for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The Company believes the following table is useful in highlighting non-comparable items that impacted its earnings per diluted share.
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
Non-comparable items:
 
 
 
Program termination agreement
$
(0.06
)
 
$

Retirement related obligations
(0.03
)
 

Loss from disposal activities

 
(0.26
)
Tax adjustments
0.01

 
(0.07
)
Total impact of non-comparable items per share — diluted
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.33
)

Reporting Segments

The Company's business is comprised of two reporting segments: Engine and Drivetrain. These segments are strategic business groups, which are managed separately as each represents a specific grouping of related automotive components and systems.

The Company allocates resources to each segment based upon the projected after-tax return on invested capital ("ROIC") of its business initiatives. ROIC is comprised of Adjusted EBIT after deducting notional taxes compared to the projected average capital investment required. Adjusted EBIT is comprised of earnings before interest, income taxes and noncontrolling interest (“EBIT") adjusted for restructuring, goodwill impairment charges, affiliates' earnings and other items not reflective of on-going operating income or loss.

Adjusted EBIT is the measure of segment income or loss used by the Company. The Company believes Adjusted EBIT is most reflective of the operational profitability or loss of our reporting segments. The following tables show segment information and Adjusted EBIT for the Company's reporting segments.

Net Sales by Reporting Segment
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(millions of dollars)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Engine
$
1,288.3

 
$
1,269.6

 
$
2,545.8

 
$
2,577.8

Drivetrain
613.5

 
593.9

 
1,214.9

 
1,205.3

Inter-segment eliminations
(7.9
)
 
(7.1
)
 
(15.7
)
 
(14.2
)
Net sales
$
1,893.9

 
$
1,856.4

 
$
3,745.0

 
$
3,768.9



27

Table of Contents                            

Adjusted Earnings Before Interest, Income Taxes and Noncontrolling Interest (“Adjusted EBIT”)
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(millions of dollars)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Engine
$
220.3

 
$
210.5

 
$
422.6

 
$
420.3

Drivetrain
59.8

 
54.6

 
115.8

 
115.8

Adjusted EBIT
280.1

 
265.1

 
538.4

 
536.1

Program termination agreement

 

 
11.3

 

Retirement related obligations

 

 
5.9

 

Loss from disposal activities

 
37.9

 

 
37.9

Corporate, including equity in affiliates' earnings and stock-based compensation
25.6

 
21.2

 
58.5

 
57.3

Interest income
(1.0
)
 
(1.3
)
 
(2.0
)
 
(2.7
)
Interest expense and finance charges
8.8

 
12.6

 
18.5

 
27.7

Earnings before income taxes and noncontrolling interest
246.7

 
194.7

 
446.2

 
415.9

Provision for income taxes
66.6

 
68.5

 
117.5

 
126.0

Net earnings
180.1

 
126.2

 
328.7

 
289.9

Net earnings attributable to the noncontrolling interest, net of tax
6.0

 
5.6

 
12.6

 
11.3

Net earnings attributable to BorgWarner Inc. 
$
174.1

 
$
120.6

 
$
316.1

 
$
278.6


Three Months Ended June 30, 2013 vs. Three Months Ended June 30, 2012

The Engine segment net sales increased $18.7 million, or 1.5%, from the three months ended June 30, 2012. Excluding the impact of 2012 dispositions and strengthening foreign currencies, primarily the Euro, net sales increased approximately 4% primarily due to higher sales of turbochargers, exhaust gas recirculation coolers and engine timing systems in China and turbochargers in Brazil. The Engine segment Adjusted EBIT margin was 17.1% in the three months ended June 30, 2013 up from 16.6% in the three months ended June 30, 2012.

The Drivetrain segment net sales increased $19.6 million, or 3.3%, from the three months ended June 30, 2012. Excluding the impact of strengthening foreign currencies, primarily the Euro, net sales increased approximately 2% primarily due to higher sales of all-wheel drive systems in North America and all-wheel drive systems and transmission components in Korea. The Drivetrain segment Adjusted EBIT margin was 9.7% in the three months ended June 30, 2013 up from 9.2% in the three months ended June 30, 2012.

Corporate represents headquarters' expenses not directly attributable to the individual segments, expense associated with divested operations and equity in affiliates' earnings. The $4.4 million increase in net expense was driven by lower affiliates' earnings and increased stock related expense during the three months ended June 30, 2013.

Six Months Ended June 30, 2013 vs. Six Months Ended June 30, 2012

The Engine segment net sales decreased $32.0 million, or 1.2%, from the six months ended June 30, 2012. Excluding the impact of 2012 dispositions and weakening foreign currencies, primarily the Yen and Real, partially offset by the the strengthening Euro, net sales increased approximately 1% from the six months ended June 30, 2012. Higher sales of variable cam timing systems in Japan, turbochargers, exhaust gas recirculation coolers and engine timing systems in China and turbochargers in Brazil were partially offset by lower light vehicle production in Europe. The Engine segment Adjusted EBIT margin was 16.6% in the six months ended June 30, 2013 up from 16.3% in the six months ended June 30, 2012.

The Drivetrain segment net sales increased $9.6 million, or 0.8%, from the six months ended June 30, 2012. Excluding the impact of strengthening foreign currencies, primarily the Euro, net sales decreased

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Table of Contents                            

approximately 1% from the six months ended June 30, 2012. Higher sales of all-wheel drive systems in North America and all-wheel drive systems and transmission components in Korea, were partially offset by lower light vehicle production in Europe. The Drivetrain segment Adjusted EBIT margin was 9.5% in the six months ended June 30, 2013 down from 9.6% in the six months ended June 30, 2012.

Outlook for 2013

Based on uncertain global economic conditions, particularly in Europe, our overall ou