Form 10-Q

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

 

Form 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

x Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2011.

 

¨ Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from             to             .

Commission File Number: 000-24151

 

 

NORTHWEST BANCORPORATION, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Washington   91-1574174

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

421 West Riverside, Spokane, WA 99201-0403

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

(509) 456-8888

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

The Registrant has a single class of common stock, of which there were 3,081,748 shares issued and outstanding as of July 31, 2011.

 

 

 


NORTHWEST BANCORPORATION, INC.

FORM 10-Q

For the three-month and six-month periods ended June 30, 2011

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

     3   
        Item 1.    Financial Statements (Unaudited)      3   
   Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition      3   
   Consolidated Statements of Operations      4   
   Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity and Comprehensive Income (Loss)      5   
   Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows      6   
   Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements      7   
        Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      30   
        Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk      46   
        Item 4.    Controls and Procedures      47   

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

     48   
        Item 1.    Legal Proceedings      48   
        Item 1A.    Risk Factors      48   
        Item 2.    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds      48   
        Item 3.    Defaults Upon Senior Securities      48   
        Item 4.    (Removed and Reserved)      48   
        Item 5.    Other Information      48   
        Item 6.    Exhibits      48   

SIGNATURES

     49   

 

2


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

NORTHWEST BANCORPORATION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition

($ in thousands)

 

      June 30,
2011
    December 31,
2010
 
ASSETS     

Cash and due from banks

   $ 12,892      $ 10,813   

Interest bearing deposits

     14        13   

Federal funds sold

     5,645        5,015   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

     18,551        15,841   

Securities available for sale, at fair value

     64,618        69,730   

Federal Home Loan Bank stock, at cost

     1,261        1,261   

Loans receivable, net of allowance for loan losses $7,257 and $6,918

     267,293        274,416   

Loans held for sale

     1,682        2,371   

Premises and equipment, net

     16,912        17,316   

Accrued interest receivable

     1,501        1,507   

Foreclosed real estate

     3,329        3,963   

Bank owned life insurance

     3,852        3,792   

Other assets

     2,886        4,378   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

   $ 381,885      $ 394,575   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES     

Deposits

   $ 327,087      $ 346,237   

Securities sold under agreements to repurchase

     —          135   

Accrued interest payable

     467        464   

Borrowed funds

     14,095        9,518   

Other liabilities

     3,077        2,534   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     344,726        358,888   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY     

Preferred stock — Series A Cumulative Perpetual; $1,000 par value; $1,000 liquidation value; 10,500 shares authorized and issued

     10,190        10,131   

Preferred stock — Series B Cumulative Perpetual; $0.01 par value; $1,000 liquidation value; 525 shares authorized and issued

     560        566   

Common stock, no par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized; 3,081,748 shares issued and outstanding

     25,943        25,896   

Accumulated deficit

     (163     (175

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax effect of $-324 and $376

     629        (731

Total shareholders’ equity

     37,159        35,687   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

   $ 381,885      $ 394,575   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

3


NORTHWEST BANCORPORATION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

Consolidated Statements of Operations

($ in thousands, except per share data)

 

      Three months ended
June 30,
     Six months ended
June 30,
 
      2011     2010      2011     2010  

Interest income:

         

Loans, including fees

   $ 4,213      $ 4,788       $ 8,883      $ 9,862   

Investment securities

     587        380         1,180        707   

Federal funds sold and interest bearing deposits

     3        6         6        13   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest income

     4,803        5,174         10,069        10,582   

Interest expense:

         

Deposits

     1,001        1,468         2,097        3,032   

Borrowed funds

     78        170         148        366   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest expense

     1,079        1,638         2,245        3,398   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income

     3,724        3,536         7,824        7,184   

Provision for loan losses

     1,531        950         2,362        1,450   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income after provision for loan losses

     2,193        2,586         5,462        5,734   

Noninterest income:

         

Service charges on deposits

     371        326         723        633   

Gain from sale of loans, net

     167        152         310        316   

Gain on investment securities, net

     33        312         33        318   

Other noninterest income

     333        254         648        693   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total noninterest income

     904        1,044         1,714        1,960   

Noninterest expense:

         

Salaries and employee benefits

     1,658        1,535         3,331        3,100   

Occupancy and equipment

     319        302         648        613   

Depreciation and amortization

     301        294         603        570   

Advertising and promotion

     104        95         174        162   

Loss on foreclosed real estate, net

     112        124         83        203   

FDIC assessments

     118        213         322        416   

Other noninterest expenses

     965        728         1,695        1,443   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total noninterest expense

     3,577        3,291         6,856        6,507   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

     (480     339         320        1,187   

Income tax expense (benefit)

     (231     70         (31     332   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   ($ 249   $ 269       $ 351      $ 855   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Preferred stock dividends and discount accretion, net

     169        169         339        338   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) applicable to common shares

   ($ 418   $ 100       $ 12      $ 517   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per common share — basic

   $ (0.14   $ 0.04       $ —        $ 0.22   

Earnings (loss) per common share — diluted

   $ (0.14   $ 0.04       $ —        $ 0.22   

Weighted average shares outstanding — basic

     3,080,133        2,384,078         3,078,499        2,382,444   

Weighted average shares outstanding — diluted

     3,080,133        2,385,963         3,090,737        2,383,716   

See accompanying notes.

 

4


NORTHWEST BANCORPORATION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity and Comprehensive Income (Loss)

($ in thousands)

 

     Total     Preferred
Stock
     Common
Stock
    (Accumulated
Deficit)
Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 

Balance, December 31, 2009

   $ 33,806      $ 10,592       $ 23,269      ($ 443   $ 388     

Net income

     945        0         0        945        0      $ 945   

Stock issued to directors

     22        0         22        0        0     

Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs of $162

     2,585        0         2,585        0        0     

Dividends on preferred stock

     (572     0         0        (572     0     

Accretion of preferred stock discount, net

     0        105         0        (105     0     

Equity-based compensation expense

     34        0         34        0        0     

Tax effect of vested stock awards

     (14     0         (14     0        0     

Change in unrealized gain on securities available for sale, net of taxes

     (1,119     0         0        0        (1,119     (1,119
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive loss

              ($ 174
             

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2010

     35,687        10,697         25,896        (175     (731  

Net income

     351        0         0        351        0        351   

Stock issued to directors

     21        0         21        0        0     

Dividends on preferred stock

     (286     0         0        (286     0     

Accretion of preferred stock discount, net

     —          53         0        (53     0     

Equity-based compensation expense

     26        0         26        0        0     

Change in unrealized loss on securities available for sale, net of taxes

     1,360        0         0        0        1,360        1,360   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

              $ 1,711   
             

 

 

 

Balance, June 30, 2011

   $ 37,159      $ 10,750       $ 25,943      ($ 163   $ 629     
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Disclosure of 2011 reclassification amount:

             

Net change in unrealized holding losses on available for sale securities

   $ 2,028              

Reclassification adjustment for net gains realized in income

     33              
  

 

 

            

Net change in unrealized losses

     2,061              

Tax effect

     (701           
  

 

 

            

Net of tax amount

   $ 1,360              
  

 

 

            

See accompanying notes.

 

5


NORTHWEST BANCORPORATION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

($ in thousands)

 

     Six months ended
June 30,
 
     2011     2010  

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

    

Net income

   $ 351      $ 855   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:

    

Amortization of securities discounts and premiums, net

     179        2   

Gain on sale of securities, net

     (33     (318

Accretion of net deferred loan fees

     (156     (120

Provision for loan losses

     2,362        1,450   

Origination of loans held for sale

     (15,360     (15,921

Proceeds from sales of loans held for sale

     16,359        17,682   

Gain on sale of loans held for sale, net

     (310     (316

Depreciation and amortization

     603        570   

Provision for losses on foreclosed real estate and other property owned

     196        300   

Gain on sale of foreclosed real estate, net

     (113     (97

Increase in cash surrender value of bank owned life insurance

     (60     (61

Increase in deferred income taxes, net

     (51     (28

Equity-based compensation expense

     26        17   

Issuance of common stock under directors’ compensation arrangements

     21        22   

Change in assets and liabilities:

    

Accrued interest receivable

     6        (11

Other assets

     842        1,219   

Accrued interest payable

     3        (145

Other liabilities

     256        (231
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     5,121        4,869   

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

    

Securities available for sale:

    

Purchases

     (6,185     (22,715

Proceeds from maturities, calls and principal repayments

     10,718        4,329   

Proceeds from sale

     2,494        5,345   

Proceeds from sale of equity investment

     —          189   

Net decrease in loans

     4,881        14,679   

Purchase of premises and equipment

     (199     (340

Proceeds from sale of foreclosed real estate, net of capital improvements

     588        1,453   

Net cash provided by investing activities

     12,297        2,940   

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

    

Net decrease in deposits

     (19,150     (1,561

Decrease in securities sold under agreement to repurchase

     (135     (186

Proceeds from borrowed funds

     7,000        —     

Repayment of borrowed funds

     (2,423     (4,704

Proceeds from common stock subscription

     —          792   

Dividends paid on preferred stock

     —          (72
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used by financing activities

     (14,708     (5,731

NET CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

     2,710        2,078   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     15,841        18,119   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 18,551      $ 20,197   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES:

    

Cash paid during the year for:

    

Interest

   $ 2,241      $ 3,543   

Income taxes

     —          405   

Noncash investing and financing activities:

    

Increase (decrease) in fair value of securities available for sale, net

     1,360        (34

Acquisition of real estate in settlement of loans

     271        1,895   

Foreclosed real estate financed in-house

     234        99   

Preferred stock dividend accrued but not paid

     286        215   

See accompanying notes.

 

6


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of presentation and consolidation: The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Northwest Bancorporation, Inc. (the “Company”) and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Inland Northwest Bank (the “Bank”). All material intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

The foregoing unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all of the disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements. These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes as disclosed in the annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010.

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires the use of estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities known to exist as of the date the financial statements are published, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Uncertainties with respect to such estimates and assumptions are inherent in the preparation of the Company’s consolidated financial statements; accordingly, it is possible that the actual results could differ from these estimates and assumptions, which could have a material effect on the reported amounts of the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations.

In preparing these financial statements, the Company has evaluated events and transactions subsequent to June 30, 2011 for potential recognition or disclosure. In management’s opinion, all accounting adjustments necessary to accurately reflect the financial position and results of operations on the accompanying financial statements have been made. The adjustments include normal and recurring accruals considered necessary for a fair and accurate presentation. The results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year or any other interim period. Certain reclassifications of prior period amounts have been made to conform to current classifications. These reclassifications had no effect on retained earnings or net income as previously presented.

Segment reporting: The Company has not established any independent business activity apart from acting as the parent company of the Bank. The Company and the Bank are managed as a single entity and not by departments or lines of business. Based on management’s analysis, no department or line of business meets the criteria established in Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification (“FASB ASC”) 280, Segment Reporting, for reporting of selected information about operating segments.

New accounting pronouncements: In addition to other established accounting policies, the following is a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements:

ASU No. 2011-03, Transfers and Servicing (Topic 860) – Reconsideration of Effective Control for Repurchase Agreements. In a typical repurchase transaction, an entity transfers financial assets to a counterparty in exchange for cash with an agreement for the counterparty to return the same or equivalent financial assets for a fixed price in the future. This ASU prescribes when an entity may or may not recognize a sale upon the transfer of financial assets subject to repurchase agreements. That determination is based, in part, on whether the entity has maintained effective control over the transferred financial assets. One of the relevant considerations for assessing effective control is the transferor’s ability to repurchase or redeem financial assets before maturity. Under this criterion, an entity must consider whether there is an exchange of collateral in sufficient amount so as to reasonably assure the arrangement’s completion on substantially the agreed terms, even in the event of the transferee’s default. That is, in order for the transferor to assert that it maintained effective control over the transferred assets, the transferor must have the ability to repurchase the same or substantially the same assets. The FASB determined that the criterion pertaining to an exchange of collateral should not be a determining factor in assessing effective control; the assessment of effective control should focus on a transferor’s contractual rights and obligations with respect to transferred financial assets, not on whether the transferor has the practical ability to perform in accordance with those rights or obligations. The FASB also concluded that the remaining criteria are sufficient to determine effective control. Consequently, the amendments remove the transferor’s ability criterion from the consideration of effective control for repurchase agreements and other agreements that both entitle and obligate the transferor to repurchase or redeem financial assets before their maturity. The provisions of this ASU are effective beginning in the first quarter of 2012 and will be applied prospectively to transactions or modifications of existing transactions that occur on or after the effective date. This ASU is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

7


ASU No. 2011-04, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820) – Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs. The amendments in this ASU result in common fair value measurement and disclosure requirements between GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”). Consequently, the amendments change the wording used to describe many of the requirements in GAAP for measuring fair value and for disclosing information about fair value measurements. For many of the requirements, the FASB does not intend for the amendments in this ASU to result in a change in the application of the requirements in Topic 820. Some of the amendments clarify the FASB’s intent about the application of existing fair value measurement requirements. Other amendments change a particular principle or requirement for measuring fair value or for disclosing information about fair value measurements. The amendments in this ASU explain how to measure fair value. They do not require additional fair value measurements and are not intended to establish valuation standards or affect valuation practices outside of financial reporting. The provisions of this ASU are effective beginning in the first quarter of 2012 and will be applied prospectively. This ASU is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

ASU No. 2011-05, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220) – Presentation of Comprehensive Income. Current GAAP provides three alternatives for presenting other comprehensive income and its components in financial statements. One of those presentation options is to present the components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in stockholders’ equity. This ASU eliminates that option and also requires consecutive presentation of the statement of net income and other comprehensive income. Finally, this ASU also requires an entity to present reclassification adjustments on the face of the financial statements from other comprehensive income to net income, rather than presenting other comprehensive income in a footnote. The provisions of this ASU are effective beginning in the first quarter of 2012 and will be applied retrospectively. The Company’s presentation of consolidated comprehensive income will change in order to comply with the provisions of this ASU.

NOTE 2. Investment Securities

Securities held by the Bank have been classified in the consolidated statements of financial condition according to management’s intent, and all securities were classified as available for sale at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010.

 

8


The amortized cost of securities and their approximate fair values at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 were as follows:

 

     June 30, 2011  
     Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair
Value
 
     ($ in thousands)  

U.S. government agency securities

   $ 20,491       $ 78       $ (79   $ 20,490   

State and municipal securities

     24,105         735         (82     24,758   

Corporate debt obligations

     10,980         244         (38     11,186   

SBA participation certificates

     3,595         24         (8     3,611   

Mortgage backed securities

     2,076         90         —          2,166   

Collateralized mortgage obligations

     2,417         6         (16     2,407   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 63,664       $ 1,177       $ (223   $ 64,618   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     December 31, 2010  
     Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair
Value
 
     ($ in thousands)  

U.S. government agency securities

   $ 30,787       $ 16       $ (679   $ 30,124   

State and municipal securities

     23,332         343         (676     22,999   

Corporate debt obligations

     11,060         40         (302     10,798   

SBA participation certificates

     3,243         135         —          3,378   

Mortgage backed securities

     2,146         47         (28     2,165   

Collateralized mortgage obligations

     269         —           (3     266   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 70,837       $ 581       $ (1,688   $ 69,730   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following tables show the investments’ gross unrealized losses and fair values, aggregated by investment category and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position:

 

     June 30, 2011  
     Less Than 12 Months      12 Months or More      Total  
     Fair      Unrealized      Fair      Unrealized      Fair      Unrealized  
     Value      Losses      Value      Losses      Value      Losses  
     ($ in thousands)  

U.S. government agency securities

   $ 7,284       $ 79       $ —         $ —         $ 7,284       $ 79   

State and municipal securities

     5,507         63         653         19         6,160         82   

Corporate debt obligations

     2,832         38         —           —           2,832         38   

SBA participation certificates

     996         8         —           —           996         8   

Mortgage backed securities

     —           —           —           —           —           —     

Collateralized mortgage obligations

     1,061         16         —           —           1,061         16   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 17,680       $ 204       $ 653       $ 19       $ 18,333       $ 223   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     December 31, 2010  
     Less Than 12 Months      12 Months or More      Total  
     Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
     Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
     Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
 
     ($ in thousands)  

U.S. government agency securities

   $ 22,098       $ 679       $ —         $ —         $ 22,098       $ 679   

State and municipal securities

     13,313         625         878         51         14,191         676   

Corporate debt obligations

     9,223         302         —           —           9,223         302   

Mortgage backed securities

     1,728         28         —           —           1,728         28   

Collateralized mortgage obligations

     266         3         —           —           266         3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 46,628       $ 1,637       $ 878       $ 51       $ 47,506       $ 1,688   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

9


Management has evaluated the above securities and does not believe that any individual unrealized loss as of June 30, 2011, represents an other-than-temporary impairment (“OTTI”). The decline in fair market value of these securities was generally due to changes in market interest rates or the widening of market spreads since purchase and was not related to any known decline in the creditworthiness of the issuer. Management does not intend to sell any impaired securities nor does available evidence suggest it is more likely than not that management will be required to sell any impaired securities. Management believes there is a high probability of collecting all contractual amounts due, because the majority of the securities in the Bank’s investment portfolio are backed by government agencies or government-sponsored enterprises. However, a recovery in value may not occur for some time, if at all, and may be delayed for greater than the one-year time horizon or perhaps even until maturity. At June 30, 2011, 42 of the Bank’s securities had unrealized losses. At December 31, 2010, 112 of the Bank’s securities had unrealized losses.

Scheduled maturities of securities available for sale at June 30, 2011, are listed below according to contractual maturity date. Expected or actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities, because issuers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

 

     Amortized
Cost
     Fair
Value
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Due within one year

   $ 675       $ 681   

Due after one year through five years

     11,399         11,727   

Due after five years through ten years

     23,442         23,947   

Due after ten years

     28,148         28,263   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 63,664       $ 64,618   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

At June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, securities with an amortized cost of $6.6 million and $11.2 million, respectively, were pledged to secure public deposits, repurchase agreements, and for other purposes as required or permitted by law. The market value for these securities was $6.7 million and $11.0 million at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively.

Three securities were sold in the six-month period ended June 30, 2011, resulting in gross gains of $35 thousand. Nine securities were sold in the six-month period ended June 30, 2010, resulting in gross gains of $379 thousand and gross losses of $61 thousand.

 

10


When a security is called by the issuer prior to maturity, any remaining premium or discount is reported in noninterest income as a gain or loss. During the six-month period ended June 30, 2011, one security was called and the unamortized premium of $2 thousand was included in the total gain on sale of securities. During the six month period ended June 30, 2010, all securities with early calls had no remaining unamortized premiums or discounts and therefore, the early calls had no impact on income.

Management reviews investment securities on an ongoing basis for the presence of OTTI, taking into consideration current market conditions, fair value in relationship to cost, extent and nature of the change in fair value, issuer rating changes and trends, whether we intend to sell a security or if it is likely that we will be required to sell the security before recovery of the amortized cost basis of the investment, which may be maturity, and other factors. The evaluation includes a consideration of the risk profile specific to each class of security; for example, the contractual terms of U.S. government agency securities do not permit the issuer to settle the securities at a price less than par. The Bank’s securities portfolio does not include any private label mortgage backed securities or investments in trust preferred securities.

For debt securities, if we intend to sell the security or it is likely that we will be required to sell the security before recovering its cost basis, the entire impairment loss would be recognized in earnings as an OTTI. If we do not intend to sell the security and it is not likely that we will be required to sell the security but we do not expect to recover the entire amortized cost basis of the security, only the portion of the impairment loss representing credit losses would be recognized in earnings. The credit loss on a security is measured as the difference between the amortized cost basis and the present value of the cash flows expected to be collected. Projected cash flows are discounted by the original or current effective interest rate depending on the nature of the security being measured for potential OTTI. The remaining impairment related to all other factors, the difference between the present value of the cash flows expected to be collected and fair value, is recognized as a charge to other comprehensive income (“OCI”). Impairment losses related to all other factors are presented as separate categories within OCI. For investment securities held to maturity, this amount is accreted over the remaining life of the debt security prospectively based on the amount and timing of future estimated cash flows. The accretion of the OTTI amount recorded in OCI will increase the carrying value of the investment, and would not affect earnings. If there is an indication of additional credit losses, the security is re-evaluated accordingly to the procedures described above.

At June 30, 2011, the Bank owned $1.3 million of stock of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Seattle (“FHLB”). As a condition of membership in the FHLB, the Bank is required to purchase and hold a certain amount of FHLB stock, which is based, in part, upon the outstanding principal balance of advances from the FHLB and is calculated in accordance with the Capital Plan of the FHLB. FHLB stock has a par value of $100 per share, is carried at cost, and is subject to impairment testing per Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 320-10-35. The FHLB has a risk-based capital deficiency under the regulations of the Federal Housing Finance Agency (“FHFA”), its primary regulator, and therefore has suspended future dividends and the repurchase and redemption of outstanding capital stock. The FHLB has communicated that it believes the calculation of risk-based capital under the current rules of the FHFA significantly overstates the market risk of the FHLB’s private-label mortgage-backed securities in the current market environment and that it has enough capital to cover the risks reflected in the FHLB’s balance sheet. As a result, an OTTI has not been recorded for the Bank’s investment in FHLB stock. However, continued deterioration in the FHLB’s financial position may result in impairment in the value of those securities. Management will continue to monitor the financial condition of the FHLB as it relates to, among other things, the recoverability of the Bank’s investment.

NOTE 3. Loans Receivable and Allowance for Loan Losses

The Bank originates residential mortgage loans intended for sale in the secondary market. Loans held for sale are stated at the lower of cost or estimated fair value determined on an aggregate basis. Any net unrealized losses on loans held for sale are recognized through a valuation allowance by charges to income. The Bank also originates construction and land, commercial and multifamily real estate, commercial business, agricultural and consumer loans for portfolio investment. Loans receivable that have not been designated as held for sale are recorded at the principal amount outstanding. Deferred loan fees, net of costs, are amortized to maturity using the level-yield method.

 

11


Interest is accrued as earned unless management determines that the collectability of the loan or the unpaid interest is doubtful. Interest accruals are generally discontinued when loans become 90 days past due on scheduled interest payments. All previously accrued but uncollected interest is deducted from interest income upon transfer to nonaccrual status. Future collection of interest is included in interest income based upon an assessment of the likelihood that the loans will be repaid or recovered.

The following table presents the Bank’s loan balances for the periods indicated:

 

     June 30,
2011
    December 31,
2010
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

    

Commercial

   $ 154,874      $ 150,373   

Construction and land development

     30,747        40,145   

Residential

     34,207        35,061   

Commercial and industrial

     46,892        47,345   

Consumer

     8,352        9,026   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 275,072      $ 281,950   

Allowance for loan losses

     (7,257     (6,918

Net deferred loan fees

     (522     (616
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 267,293      $ 274,416   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loan origination/risk management: The Bank has lending policies and procedures in place that are designed to maximize loan income within an acceptable level of risk. Management reviews and approves these policies and procedures on a regular basis. A reporting system supplements the review process by providing management with frequent reports related to loan production, loan quality, concentrations of credit, loan delinquencies, nonperforming loans and potential problem loans. Diversification in the loan portfolio is a means of managing risk associated with fluctuations in economic conditions. In general, loans are underwritten after evaluating and understanding the borrower’s ability to operate profitably and prudently and to repay their obligations as agreed. Cash flows of borrowers, however, may not be as expected, and the collateral securing these loans may fluctuate in value. Most loans are secured by the assets being financed or other business assets such as accounts receivable or inventory and typically incorporate a personal guarantee. However, some short-term loans may be made on an unsecured basis. In the case of loans secured by accounts receivable, the availability of funds for the repayment of these loans may be substantially dependent on the ability of the borrower to collect amounts due from its customers. In the case of loans secured by real estate, the properties are diverse in terms of type, but are concentrated to a large extent in the Bank’s primary market area, which is Spokane County, Washington and Kootenai County, Idaho. This concentration may increase the Bank’s exposure to adverse economic events that affect a single market or industry. Construction loans are generally based upon estimates of costs and value associated with the complete project with repayment substantially dependent on the success of the ultimate project such as sales of developed property or an interim loan commitment from the Bank until permanent financing is obtained. These loans are closely monitored by on-site inspections and are considered to have higher risks than other real estate loans due to their ultimate repayment being sensitive to interest rate changes, governmental regulation of real property, general economic conditions and the availability of long-term financing.

 

12


The Bank originates consumer loans utilizing an individualized underwriting process. To monitor and manage consumer loan risk, policies and procedures are developed and modified as needed. This activity, coupled with relatively small loan amounts that are spread across many individual borrowers, minimizes risk.

The Bank’s internal audit department performs an independent review to validate the credit risk program on a periodic basis. Results of these reviews are presented to management. The loan review process complements and reinforces the risk identification and assessment decisions made by the Bank’s loan officers and credit personnel, as well as the Bank’s policies and procedures.

Past due and nonaccrual loans: The following table presents an age analysis of past due loans, segregated by class of loans:

 

     June 30, 2011  
     Loans
30-59 Days
Past Due
     Loans
60-89 Days
Past Due
     Loans 90 or
More Days
Past Due
     Total
Past Due
Loans
     Current
Loans
     Total
Loans
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

                 

Commercial

   $ 103       $ —         $ 6,170       $ 6,273       $ 148,601       $ 154,874   

Construction and land development

     —           —           1,146         1,146         29,601         30,747   

Residential

     254         —           116         370         33,837         34,207   

Commercial and industrial

     139         —           1,813         1,952         44,940         46,892   

Consumer

     102         48         3         153         8,199         8,352   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 598       $ 48       $ 9,248       $ 9,894       $ 265,178       $ 275,072   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     December 31, 2010  
     Loans
30-59 Days
Past Due
     Loans
60-89 Days
Past Due
     Loans 90 or
More Days
Past Due
     Total
Past Due
Loans
     Current
Loans
     Total
Loans
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

                 

Commercial

   $ 1,202       $ 132       $ 3,394       $ 4,728       $ 145,645       $ 150,373   

Construction and land development

     272         262         1,691         2,225         37,920         40,145   

Residential

     662         31         269         962         34,099         35,061   

Commercial and industrial

     —           —           21         21         47,324         47,345   

Consumer

     49         96         3         148         8,878         9,026   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 2,185       $ 521       $ 5,378       $ 8,084       $ 273,866       $ 281,950   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

13


No loans over 90 days past due were still on accrual status as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010.

Nonaccrual loans, segregated by class of loans, were as follows:

 

     June 30,
2011
     December 31,
2010
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

     

Commercial

   $ 7,086       $ 8,661   

Construction and land development

     1,146         2,613   

Residential

     1,109         1,362   

Commercial and industrial

     1,813         21   

Consumer

     77         56   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 11,231       $ 12,713   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

If the Bank’s nonaccrual loans had performed in accordance with their original contract terms, additional interest income of $338 thousand and $374 thousand would have been recognized for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Impaired loans: Loans are considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is improbable the Bank will be able to collect all amounts due in accordance with the original contractual terms of the loan agreement, including scheduled principal and interest payments. Impairment is evaluated in total for smaller-balance loans of a similar nature and on an individual loan basis for other loans. If a loan is impaired, a specific valuation allowance is allocated, if necessary, so that the loan is reported net, at the present value of estimated future cash flows using the loan’s existing interest rate or at the fair value of collateral if repayment is expected solely from the collateral. Interest payments on impaired loans are applied to principal if the loan is on nonaccrual. Impaired loans, or portions thereof, are charged off if management determines them to be uncollectible. As of June 30, 2011, the Bank’s impaired loan balances were as follows:

 

     June 30, 2011  
     Unpaid
Contractual
Principal
Balance
     Recorded
Investment
With No
Allowance
     Recorded
Investment
With
Allowance
     Total
Recorded
Investment
     Related
Allowance
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

              

Commercial

   $ 19,060       $ 4,398       $ 13,256       $ 17,654       $ 2,659   

Construction and land development

     12,036         10,166         1,210         11,376         314   

Residential

     2,811         122         2,596         2,718         788   

Commercial and industrial 1

     2,971         64         1,494         1,558         504   

Consumer

     155         2         148         150         77   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 37,033       $ 14,752       $ 18,704       $ 33,456       $ 4,342   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     December 31, 2010  
     Unpaid
Contractual
Principal
Balance
     Recorded
Investment
With No
Allowance
     Recorded
Investment
With
Allowance
     Total
Recorded
Investment
     Related
Allowance
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

              

Commercial

   $ 22,586       $ 2,478       $ 19,664       $ 22,142       $ 2,393   

Construction and land development

     12,697         8,582         2,432         11,014         678   

Residential

     2,777         95         2,379         2,474         641   

Commercial and industrial

     1,585         717         707         1,424         416   

Consumer

     170         4         137         141         89   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 39,815       $ 11,876       $ 25,319       $ 37,195       $ 4,217   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

1 

One loan with a USDA guarantee was included in this category net of the guarantee.

 

14


The average recorded investment in impaired loans and the related interest income recognized for cash payments received were as follows:

 

     Three months ended June 30,  
     2011      2010  
     Average
Recorded
Investment
     Interest Income
Recorded for
Cash Payments
Received
     Average
Recorded
Investment
     Interest Income
Recorded for
Cash Payments
Received
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

           

Commercial

   $ 21,281       $ 263       $ 14,037       $ 210   

Construction and land development

     11,607         79         13,849         86   

Residential

     2,983         33         2,586         26   

Commercial and industrial

     2,507         23         1,709         25   

Consumer

     159         3         93         1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 38,537       $ 401       $ 32,274       $ 348   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     Six months ended June 30,  
     2011      2010  
     Average
Recorded
Investment
     Interest Income
Recorded for

Cash Payments
Received
     Average
Recorded
Investment
     Interest Income
Recorded for

Cash Payments
Received
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

           

Commercial

   $ 21,716       $ 550       $ 12,230       $ 320   

Construction and land development

     11,318         224         14,044         197   

Residential

     3,085         64         2,204         55   

Commercial and industrial

     1,931         45         1,856         48   

Consumer

     147         8         88         2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 38,197       $ 891       $ 30,422       $ 622   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

15


Troubled debt restructuring (“TDR”): A troubled debt restructuring occurs when, due to a borrower’s financial difficulties, the Bank grants a concession that it would not otherwise consider. The concession can take the form of an interest rate or principal reduction or an extention of payments of principal or interest, or both. Restructured loans are included in impaired loans until such time as the restructured loan performs according to the new terms for an acceptable duration, typically one year or longer depending on the circumstances specific to each credit. Restructured loans performing in accordance with their new terms are not included in nonaccrual loans unless there is uncertainty as to the ultimate collection of principal or interest. The recorded investment in restructured loans was as follows:

 

     June 30, 2011      December 31, 2010  
     Accruing
Restructured
Loans
     Restructured
Loans Included
in Nonaccrual
Loans
     Accruing
Restructured
Loans
     Restructured
Loans Included
in Nonaccrual
Loans
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

           

Commercial

   $ 10,162       $ 814       $ —         $ 3,972   

Construction and land development

     —           —           —           —     

Residential

     —           920         —           705   

Commercial and industrial

     570         —           397         —     

Consumer

     —           —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 10,732       $ 1,734       $ 397       $ 4,677   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

For the six-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, the Bank recognized interest income of approximately $320 thousand and $28 thousand, respectively, in connection with restructured accruing loans.

Troubled debt restructurings which occurred during the six-month periods ending June 30, 2011 and 2010, were as follows:

 

     June 30, 2011      June 30, 2010  
     Number
of
Contracts
     Pre -  modification
Recorded

Investment
     Post - modification
Recorded
Investment
     Number
of
Contracts
     Pre - modification
Recorded
Investment
     Post -  modification
Recorded

Investment
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

                 

Commercial

     6       $ 7,653       $ 7,653         —         $ —         $ —     

Construction and land development

     —           —           —           —           —           —     

Residential

     1         920         920         1         705         705   

Commercial and industrial

     2         312         312         4         436         436   

Consumer

     —           —           —           —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     9       $ 8,885       $ 8,885         5       $ 1,141       $ 1,141   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

16


In each case, the loans listed above were modified to allow the borrower an additional period of interest-only payments, and in some cases, the interest rate was decreased. The Bank is not committed to lend additional funds to debtors whose loans have been restructured. As a result of adopting the amendments in ASU No. 2011-02, the Bank reassessed all restructurings that occurred on or after the beginning of the the current fiscal year for identification as troubled debt restructurings. No newly impaired loans resulted from this assessment.

Troubled debt restructurings for which there was a payment default during the six-month periods ending June 30, 2011 and 2010, were as follows:

 

     June 30, 2011      June 30, 2010  
     Number of
Contracts
     Recorded
Investment
     Number of
Contracts
     Recorded
Investment
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

           

Commercial

     5       $ 6,375         1       $ 2,798   

Construction and land development

     —           —           —           —     

Residential

     1         920         —           —     

Commercial and industrial

     —           —           1         26   

Consumer

     —           —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     6       $ 7,295         2       $ 2,824   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

All troubled debt restructurings are accounted for as impaired loans and are factored into the allowance for loan losses accordingly.

Credit Quality Indicators: The Bank utilizes a risk grading matrix to assign a risk grade to each loan. Loans are graded on a scale of 1 to 10. The ten risk rating categories can be generally described by the following groupings for non-homogeneous loans:

Pass/Watch – These loans range from minimal credit risk to lower than average, but still acceptable, credit risk.

Special Mention – A Special Mention loan has potential weaknesses that deserve management’s close attention. If left uncorrected, these potential weaknesses may result in deterioration of the repayment prospects for the asset or the Bank’s credit position at some future date. They contain unfavorable characteristics and are generally undesirable. Loans in this category are currently protected but are potentially weak and constitute an undue and unwarranted credit risk, but not to the point of a Substandard classification. A Special Mention loan has potential weaknesses such as inadequate working capital or underperformance compared to plan, which if not checked or corrected, weaken the asset or inadequately protect the Bank’s position at some future date. Unlike a Substandard credit, there should be a reasonable expectation that these temporary issues will be corrected in a reasonable period of time, without liquidation of assets and within the normal course of business.

 

17


Substandard – A Substandard loan is inadequately protected by the current sound worth and paying capacity of the obligor or of the collateral pledged, if any. Assets so classified must have a well-defined weakness or weaknesses that jeopardize the liquidation of the debt. They are characterized by the distinct possibility that the Bank will sustain some loss if the deficiencies are not corrected. Loss potential, while existing in the aggregate amount of Substandard loans, does not have to exist in individual assets classified as Substandard. Loans are classified as Substandard when they have unsatisfactory characteristics causing unacceptable levels of risk, such as cash flow trends that are of a magnitude as to jeopardize current and future payments, or prolonged unsuccessful business operations or economic trends to which the borrower has not been able to adjust. The likely need to liquidate assets to correct the problem, rather than repayment from successful operations is a key distinction between Special Mention and Substandard.

Doubtful/Loss – Loans classified as Doubtful have all the same weaknesses inherent in loans classified as Substandard with the added characteristic that the weaknesses make collection or liquidation in full highly questionable and improbable, on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions and values. The possibility of loss is extremely high, but because of certain important and reasonably specific pending factors, which may work towards strengthening of the loan, classification as a Loss (and immediate charge-off) is deferred until a more exact status may be determined. Pending factors include proposed merger, acquisition, liquidation procedures, capital injection, and perfection of liens on additional collateral and refinancing plans. A Loss rating is assigned to loans considered uncollectible and of such little value that the continuance as an active Bank asset is not warranted. This rating does not mean that the loan has no recovery or salvage value, but rather that the loan should be charged off now, even though partial or full recovery may be possible in the future.

The following table summarizes the Bank’s internal risk rating by loan class:

 

     June 30, 2011  
     Pass/Watch      Special Mention      Substandard      Doubtful/Loss      Total Loans  
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

              

Commercial

   $ 117,460       $ 9,628       $ 27,786       $ —         $ 154,874   

Construction and land development

     11,858         2,876         16,013         —           30,747   

Residential

     29,317         2,009         2,881         —           34,207   

Commercial and industrial

     41,461         2,136         3,295         —           46,892   

Consumer

     8,081         101         170         —           8,352   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 208,177       $ 16,750       $ 50,145       $ —         $ 275,072   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     December 31, 2010  
     Pass/Watch      Special Mention      Substandard      Doubtful/Loss      Total Loans  
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

              

Commercial

   $ 113,338       $ 9,075       $ 27,960       $ —         $ 150,373   

Construction and land development

     22,650         1,257         16,238         —           40,145   

Residential

     30,372         2,143         2,546         —           35,061   

Commercial and industrial

     38,717         7,221         1,407         —           47,345   

Consumer

     8,829         47         149         1         9,026   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 213,906       $ 19,743       $ 48,300       $ 1       $ 281,950   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

18


Allowance for Loan Losses: The allowance for loan losses is a reserve established through a provision for loan losses charged to expense. The allowance for loan losses represents management’s best estimate of probable losses within the existing loan portfolio. The allowance, in the judgment of management, is necessary to reserve for estimated loan losses and risks inherent in the loan portfolio. The Bank’s allowance for loan loss methodology is based on guidance from ASC Topic 310, Receivables, and ASC Topic 450, Contingencies. The Bank’s process for determining the appropriate level of the allowance for loan losses is designed to account for credit deterioration as it occurs. The amount of the provision reflects not only the necessary increases in the allowance for possible loan losses related to newly identified criticized loans, but it also reflects actions taken related to other loans including, among other things, any necessary increases or decreases in required allowances for specific loans or loan pools.

The level of the allowance reflects management’s continuing evaluation of industry concentrations, specific credit risks, loan loss experience, current loan portfolio quality, present economic, political and regulatory conditions and unidentified losses inherent in the current loan portfolio. Portions of the allowance may be allocated for specific credits; however, the entire allowance is available for any credit that, in management’s judgment, should be charged off. While management utilizes its best judgment and information available, the ultimate adequacy of the allowance is dependent upon a variety of factors beyond the Bank’s control, including, among other things, the performance of the Bank’s loan portfolio, the economy, changes in interest rates and the view of regulatory authorities toward loan classifications.

The Bank’s allowance for loan losses consists of two elements: (i) general valuation allowances determined in accordance with ASC Topic 450 based on historical loan loss experience for similar loans with similar characteristics and trends, adjusted as necessary to reflect the impact of current economic conditions and other qualitative risk factors both internal and external to the Bank; and (ii) specific valuation allowances determined in accordance with ASC Topic 310 based on probable losses on specific loans.

The allowances established for expected losses on specific loans are based on a regular analysis and evaluation of problem loans. Loans are classified based on an internal credit risk grading process that evaluates, among other things: (i) the borrower’s ability to repay; (ii) the financial condition of the borrower; (iii) the quality of the borrower’s management; (iv) the underlying collateral, if any; (v) the strength of the guarantors; (vi) the structure of the loan; (vii) the quality, availability and timeliness of financial information; and (viii) the industry and economic environment in which the borrower operates. This analysis is performed at the relationship manager level for all commercial loans. When a loan has been classified as Substandard or worse, a special assets officer analyzes the loan to determine whether the loan is impaired and, if impaired, the need to specifically allocate a portion of the allowance for loan losses to the loan. Impairment is determined in accordance with ASC Topic 310, which specifies that a loan is impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that the Bank will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement, including principal and interest, as scheduled in the loan agreement. Indicators of impairment include evidence the borrower is experiencing problems such as operating losses, marginal working capital, inadequate cash flow, or business interruptions; loans that are secured with collateral that is no longer readily marketable or that is subject to deterioration in realizable value; loans to borrowers in industries that are currently experiencing economic instability; and other factors. If a loan is determined to be impaired, the balance is segregated from the pool of loans and a specific valuation allowance is established by measuring the impairment. Most loans are collateral dependent and as such, impairment is measured by comparing the loan balance with the current market value of the collateral, less selling and holding costs. A deficiency is recorded as a specific valuation allowance, and is included as a component of the allowance for loan losses.

General valuation allowances are calculated based on the historical loss experience of specific types of loans, plus general economic conditions and other qualitative internal and external risk factors. The Bank calculates historical loss ratios for pools of similar loans with similar characteristics based on the proportion of actual charge-offs experienced compared to the total population of loans in the pool. The historical loss ratios are periodically updated based on actual charge-off experience. A historical valuation allowance is established for each pool of similar loans based upon the product of the historical loss ratio and the total dollar amount of the loans in the pool.

 

19


Added to the Bank’s historical loss experience are metrics of general economic conditions and other qualitative risk factors both internal and external to the Bank. The risk factors believed by management to be most relevant to the loan portfolio are: (i) current unemployment levels in our operating areas, as compared to normal levels of unemployment; (ii) the current level of past due and nonaccrual loans as compared to levels during years of low charge-offs; (iii) a consideration of the trend of median home prices and foreclosure rates as they relate to construction and land loans; (iv) a consideration of the trend of new housing starts and absorption rates as they relate to construction loans; (v) commercial and apartment vacancy rates and their relationship to multi-family and other commercial real estate loans; and (vi) the change in the average risk rating of our portfolio, by loan type, as it relates to charge-off experience. Each component is used to calculate a risk factor, which is input into a “general reserve” matrix along with the historical loss rates discussed above. The total combined risk factor for each loan type is then applied to the loan balances that remain after impaired loans are segregated from the pool to determine an appropriate general valuation allowance. Management evaluates the change each one of these components has on the quality of the loan portfolio on a quarterly basis. In addition, management evaluates and documents intangible factors such as: (i) the experience, ability and effectiveness of the Bank’s lending management and staff; (ii) the effectiveness of the Bank’s loan policies, procedures and internal controls; (iii) the composition and concentrations of credit; and, (iv) the effectiveness of the internal loan review function.

Activity in the allowance for loan losses was as follows for the quarters ended June 30, 2011 and 2010:

 

     Quarter ended June 30, 2011  
     Balance,
Beginning
of Period
     Provision for
Loan Losses
    Charge-offs     Recoveries      Balance, End
of Period
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

            

Commercial

   $ 1,949       $ 1,391      $ —        $ —         $ 3,340   

Construction and land development

     1,066         73        (215     —           924   

Residential

     1,366         52        (55     —           1,363   

Commercial and industrial

     1,239         (222     (129     —           888   

Consumer

     280         (7     (47     1         227   

Unallocated

     271         244        —          —           515   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 6,171       $ 1,531      $ (446   $ 1       $ 7,257   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
     Quarter ended June 30, 2010  
     Balance,
Beginning
of Period
     Provision for
Loan Losses
    Charge-offs     Recoveries      Balance, End
of Period
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

            

Commercial

   $ 1,893       $ 515      $ (40   $ —         $ 2,368   

Construction and land development

     1,668         (54     (540     25         1,099   

Residential

     966         481        (231     2         1,218   

Commercial and industrial

     2,456         (344     (20     10         2,102   

Consumer

     169         63        (81     1         152   

Unallocated

     23         289        —          —           312   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 7,175       $ 950      $ (912   $ 38       $ 7,251   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

20


Activity in the allowance for loan losses was as follows for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010:

 

     Six months ended June 30, 2011  
     Balance,
Beginning of
Period
     Provision for
Loan Losses
    Charge-offs     Recoveries      Balance, End
of Period
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

            

Commercial

   $ 2,779       $ 1,889      $ (1,328   $ —         $ 3,340   

Construction and land development

     1,341         (90     (327     —           924   

Residential

     1,081         426        (160     16         1,363   

Commercial and industrial

     1,162         (104     (171     1         888   

Consumer

     347         (66     (55     1         227   

Unallocated

     208         307        —          —           515   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 6,918       $ 2,362      $ (2,041   $ 18       $ 7,257   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
     Six months ended June 30, 2010  
     Balance,
Beginning of
Period
     Provision for
Loan Losses
    Charge-offs     Recoveries      Balance, End
of Period
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

            

Commercial

   $ 1,269       $ 1,219      $ (120   $ —         $ 2,368   

Construction and land development

     1,801         (24     (705     27         1,099   

Residential

     604         840        (231     5         1,218   

Commercial and industrial

     2,660         (408     (160     10         2,102   

Consumer

     134         125        (109     2         152   

Unallocated

     614         (302     —          —           312   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 7,082       $ 1,450      $ (1,325   $ 44       $ 7,251   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

21


The Bank’s recorded investment in loans and the related allowance for loan losses by portfolio segment, disaggregated on the basis of the Bank’s impairment methodology, was as follows:

 

     June 30, 2011  
     Collectively Evaluated for
Impairment
     Individually Evaluated for
Impairment
 
     Loans      Related
Allowance
     Loans      Related
Allowance
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

           

Commercial

   $ 137,220       $ 681       $ 17,654       $ 2,659   

Construction and land development

     19,371         610         11,376         314   

Residential

     31,489         575         2,718         788   

Commercial and industrial

     45,334         384         1,558         504   

Consumer

     8,202         150         150         77   

Unallocated

     —           515         —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 241,616       $ 2,915       $ 33,456       $ 4,342   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     December 31, 2010  
     Collectively Evaluated for
Impairment
     Individually Evaluated for
Impairment
 
     Loans      Related
Allowance
     Loans      Related
Allowance
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Real estate:

           

Commercial

   $ 128,231       $ 386       $ 22,142       $ 2,393   

Construction and land development

     29,131         663         11,014         678   

Residential

     32,587         440         2,474         641   

Commercial and industrial

     45,920         747         1,424         416   

Consumer

     8,886         258         141         89   

Unallocated

     —           207         —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 244,755       $ 2,701       $ 37,195       $ 4,217   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Management also evaluates the risk of loss associated with commitments to lend funds, such as with a letter or line of credit. A reserve has been established to absorb inherent losses with unfunded commitments using a blended rate of historical charge-off experience, and is monitored on a regular basis.

 

22


NOTE 4. Foreclosed Real Estate

The following table presents the changes in foreclosed real estate, net of any related valuation allowance:

 

     Quarter ended June 30,     Six months ended June 30,  
     2011     2010     2011     2010  
     ($ in thousands)     ($ in thousands)  

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 3,972      $ 3,401      $ 3,963      $ 3,672   

Transfers from loans

     —          1,625        271        1,895   

Capital improvements to property

     —          —          50        —     

Dispositions of property

     (447     (1,015     (759     (1,456

Provision charged to income

     (196     —          (196     (100
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

   $ 3,329      $ 4,011      $ 3,329      $ 4,011   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Foreclosed real estate is carried at the lower of the recorded investment in the loan (prior to foreclosure) or the fair market value of the property less expected selling costs. Valuation allowances on foreclosed real estate are based on updated appraisals of the underlying collateral as received during the period or management’s authorization to reduce the selling price of a property during the period.

NOTE 5. Deposits

Classifications of deposits were as follows:

 

     June 30,
2011
     December 31,
2010
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Noninterest bearing demand deposits

   $ 62,650       $ 69,145   

Money market accounts

     38,049         39,148   

NOW accounts

     56,558         57,878   

Savings accounts

     54,241         47,142   

Time certificates of deposit, $100,000 and over

     64,292         72,170   

Time certificates of deposit, under $100,000

     51,297         60,754   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 327,087       $ 346,237   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

NOTE 6. Borrowed Funds

Borrowed funds consist of the following:

 

     June 30,
2011
     December 31,
2010
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Federal Home Loan Bank advances

   $ 8,355       $ 3,771   

Junior subordinated debentures

     5,155         5,155   

Capital lease obligation

     585         592   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 14,095       $ 9,518   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

23


FHLB advances are secured by a blanket pledge on Bank assets as well as certain specific loans.

Junior subordinated debentures: In June 2005, the Company issued junior subordinated debentures with an aggregate value of $5.16 million to Northwest Bancorporation Capital Trust I (the “Trust”), with interest fixed at 5.95% through June 30, 2010, thereafter re-pricing quarterly at three-month LIBOR plus 1.70%, which was 1.95% at June 30, 2011. The Trust issued $155 thousand of common securities to the Company and capital securities with an aggregate liquidation amount of $5 million to third-party investors. The common securities are included in “Other assets” on the consolidated statements of financial condition; the subordinated debentures are included in “Borrowed funds” on the consolidated statements of financial condition. The subordinated debentures are includable as Tier I capital for regulatory purposes. The subordinated debentures and the capital securities pay interest and dividends, respectively, on a quarterly basis, which are included in interest expense. The subordinated debentures will mature on June 30, 2035, at which time the capital securities must be redeemed. The subordinated debentures and capital securities can be redeemed prior to maturity, at the Company’s discretion, in whole or in part, beginning June 30, 2010, at par value. The Company has provided a full and unconditional guarantee of the obligations of the Trust under the capital securities in the event of default. Pursuant to ASC 810, Consolidation, the Trust is not consolidated in these financial statements.

On June 4, 2010, the Company gave written notice to the holders of its outstanding junior subordinated debentures that regularly scheduled interest payments would be deferred. Under the terms of the related trust documents, the Company is allowed to defer payments of interest for up to 20 consecutive quarterly periods without default. During the deferral period, the respective trust will likewise suspend the declaration and payment of dividends on the trust preferred securities. Also during the deferral period, the Company generally may not pay cash dividends on or repurchase its common stock or preferred stock, including the Fixed Rate Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series A and Series B, issued by the Company under the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Capital Purchase Program. In addition, the Company will be restricted from making any payment on outstanding debt obligations that rank equally with, or junior to, the junior subordinated notes. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the accumulated deferred interest that was accrued on these securities was $188 thousand and $135 thousand, respectively.

Capital lease obligation: The capital lease obligation is related to a ground lease, with a purchase option, that the Bank entered into in early 2005 (a copy of the ground lease was filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s annual report on Form 10-KSB filed with the SEC on March 24, 2005). As a “capitalized” lease, the value of the property is included as an asset on the consolidated statements of financial condition in “Premises and equipment, net,” and the net present value of future payments is included in “Borrowed funds.”

Lines of credit: The Bank has operating lines of credit with various correspondent banks, which are detailed as follows:

 

     June 30, 2011      December 31, 2010  
     Line
Amount
     Outstanding
Balance
     Line
Amount
     Outstanding
Balance
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Federal Home Loan Bank

   $ 54,675       $ —         $ 65,968       $ —     

Pacific Coast Bankers Bank

     10,000         —           10,000         —     

Zions Bank

     5,000         —           5,000         —     

 

24


The FHLB line is secured by a blanket pledge on Bank assets as well as certain specific loans; advances on the FHLB line may require additional purchases of FHLB stock. The Pacific Coast Bankers Bank line is unsecured. The Zions Bank line includes $1 million that is unsecured, and the rest of the line is secured by certain investment securities.

NOTE 7. Commitments

The Bank has an agreement with the Spokane Public Facilities District (“PFD”) for the purchase of naming rights to the INB Performing Arts Center in Spokane. Under the agreement, the Bank will pay the PFD $150 thousand per year for a period of ten years. The contract expires in July 2016, however the Bank has the right to extend the contract for an additional ten years at an annual rate that will not exceed the current annual rate by more than twenty percent. Expenses related to the agreement are recognized as “Other noninterest expenses” in the consolidated statements of operations.

The Bank leases its principal office and main branch, which is located in the Paulsen Center Building in downtown Spokane. The lease is for a 10-year term with additional renewal options. The initial lease rate is $30,839 per month and escalates approximately 3% per year. A copy of the lease agreement has been filed as Exhibit 99.1 to the current report on Form 8-K filed by the Company with the SEC on May 11, 2009.

NOTE 8. Income Taxes

The Company’s normal, expected statutory income tax rate is 36.0%, representing a blend of the statutory federal income tax rate of 34.0% and apportioned effects of the Idaho income tax rate of 7.6%. Our effective tax rates have historically been lower than statutory tax rates due to permanent differences arising primarily from nontaxable interest income on state and municipal securities and nontaxable gains in bank owned life insurance. The effect of these permanent differences, combined with adjustments related to certain state deferred tax benefits, has resulted in a consolidated effective tax rate of (9.7%) and 28.0% for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010.

During 2009, the Company recorded a valuation allowance of $742 thousand against a portion of its deferred tax assets due to uncertainty about the Company’s ability to generate future taxable income sufficient to realize the benefits of temporary deductible differences that could not have been realized through carry-backs to prior years or through the reversal of future temporary taxable differences. Due to the ongoing weakness in the economy and its affect on credit quality, uncertainty remains about the extent to which a pattern of future taxable income will be established. Accordingly, the Company continued to maintain a valuation allowance of $742 thousand as of June 30, 2011.

The Company follows the provisions of ASC 740, Income Taxes, relating to the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes. The Company periodically reviews its income tax positions based on tax laws and regulations and financial reporting considerations, and records adjustments as appropriate. This review takes into consideration the status of current taxing authorities’ examinations of the Company’s tax returns, recent positions taken by the taxing authorities on similar transactions, if any, and the overall tax environment.

The Company had no unrecognized tax benefits at June 30, 2011 or December 31, 2010. The Company recognizes interest accrued and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in tax expense. During the periods ended June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company recognized no interest and penalties. The Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal or Idaho State tax authority examinations for tax years before 2008.

 

25


NOTE 9. Common and Preferred Stock

Common Stock:

No cash dividends on common stock were declared during the six-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010.

On July 15, 2010, the Company concluded a rights offering to the holders of its common stock, raising $2.7 million in exchange for 686,805 shares of the Company’s common stock. Net proceeds to the Company, after expenses, were $2.6 million.

Preferred Stock:

On February 14, 2009, as part of the Capital Purchase Program of the U.S. Department of the Treasury (“Treasury”), the Company entered into a Letter Agreement incorporating an attached Securities Purchase Agreement–Standard Terms (collectively, the “Purchase Agreement”) with the Treasury. Under the Purchase Agreement, the Company agreed to issue and sell to the Treasury (i) 10,500 shares of the Company’s Fixed Rate Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series A (the “Series A Preferred Stock”), having no par value per share, and (ii) a warrant (the “Warrant”) to purchase 525.00525 shares of the Company’s Fixed Rate Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series B (the “Series B Preferred Stock”), having no par value per share, for an aggregate purchase price of $10.5 million. The Treasury immediately exercised the warrant.

The Series A Preferred Stock pays cumulative dividends at a rate of 5% per annum for the first five years and 9% per annum thereafter. The Series B Preferred Stock pays a cumulative dividend of 9% per year. The Series A Preferred Stock and the Series B Preferred Stock (together, the “Preferred Stock”) may not be redeemed by the Company during the first three years following the investment by the Treasury, except with the proceeds from a “Qualified Equity Offering” (as defined in the Company’s Articles of Amendment). After three years, the Company may, at its option, redeem the Preferred Stock at the issue price, plus accrued and unpaid dividends. The Preferred Stock is generally non-voting and qualifies as Tier 1 capital.

As a result of the Company’s participation in the Capital Purchase Program, the Company is restricted from paying any dividend on its common stock unless all accrued and unpaid dividends are paid in full on the Preferred Stock. During the three year period from February 13, 2009, payment of dividends on common stock by the Company may not exceed the last annual cash dividend of $0.20 per share. Prior consent of the Treasury will be required after February 13, 2012 until February 13, 2019, for any annual increase of 3% or more in aggregate common dividends per share. After February 13, 2019, the Company will be prohibited from paying any common dividends or repurchasing any equity securities or trust preferred securities until all of the Preferred Stock has been redeemed in whole or the Treasury has transferred all of the Preferred Stock to third parties.

During the six-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, the Company declared preferred stock dividends totaling $286 thousand each period. Subsequent to the payment made on February 16, 2010, the Company began deferring payment of dividends on its preferred stock but continues to accrue the liability for the dividends. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, accrued and unpaid dividends totaled $787 thousand and $500 thousand, respectively.

NOTE 10. Fair Values

The Company determines the fair market value of its financial instruments based on the fair value hierarchy established in ASC 820 Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures. The Standard provides enhanced guidance for measuring assets and liabilities using fair value and applies to situations where other standards require or permit assets or liabilities to be measured at fair value. ASC 820 also requires expanded disclosure of items that are measured at fair value, the information used to measure fair value, and the effect of fair value measurements on earnings.

 

26


The following table presents estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments:

 

     June 30, 2011      December 31, 2010  
     Carrying
Amount
     Estimated
Fair Value
     Carrying
Amount
     Estimated
Fair Value
 
     ($ in thousands)  

Financial Assets:

           

Cash and due from banks/interest bearing deposits

   $ 12,906       $ 12,906       $ 10,826       $ 10,826   

Federal funds sold

     5,645         5,645         5,015         5,015   

Securities available for sale

     64,618         64,618         69,730         69,730   

Federal Home Loan Bank stock

     1,261         1,261         1,261         1,261   

Loans receivable, net

     267,293         273,446         274,416         280,075   

Loans held for sale

     1,682         1,682         2,371         2,371   

Bank owned life insurance

     3,852         3,852         3,792         3,792   

Financial Liabilities:

           

Deposits

     327,087         328,287         346,237         347,504   

Securities sold under agreements to repurchase

     —           —           135         135   

Borrowed funds

     14,095         11,594         9,518         7,010   

The following table summarizes the Company’s financial instruments that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

 

     June 30, 2011  
     Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  
     ($ in thousands)  

Securities available for sale:

           

U.S. government agency securities

   $ 20,490       $ —         $ 20,490       $ —     

State and municipal securities

     24,758         —           24,758         —     

Corporate debt obligations

     11,186         —           11,186         —     

SBA participation certificates

     3,611         —           3,611         —     

Mortgage backed securities

     2,166         —           2,166         —     

Collateralized mortgage obligations

     2,407         —           2,407         —     
     December 31, 2010  
     Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  
     ($ in thousands)  

Securities available for sale:

           

U.S. government agency securities

   $ 30,124       $ —         $ 30,124       $ —     

State and municipal securities

     22,999         —           22,999         —     

Corporate debt obligations

     10,798         —           10,798         —     

SBA participation certificates

     3,378         —           3,378         —     

Mortgage backed securities

     2,165         —           2,165         —     

Collateralized mortgage obligations

     266         —           266         —     

 

27


The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments:

Cash and due from banks, interest bearing deposits and federal funds sold: The carrying amount approximates fair value because of the short maturity of these investments.

Securities: The fair values of marketable securities are based on quoted market prices or dealer quotes. If a quoted market price is not available, fair value is estimated using quoted market prices for similar securities.

FHLB stock: The fair value is based upon the par value of the stock, which equates to its carrying value.

Loans: Fair values are estimated for portfolios of loans with similar financial characteristics. Loans are segregated by type such as real estate, commercial and industrial, and consumer. Each loan category is further segmented into fixed and adjustable rate interest terms. The fair values for fixed-rate loans are estimated by discounting the future cash flows using the current rates at which similar loans would be made to borrowers with similar credit ratings and for the same remaining maturities. For variable rate loans that re-price frequently and have no significant change in credit risk, fair values are based on carrying values.

Loans held for sale: Loans held for sale are considered to have a fair value that approximates carrying value.

Bank owned life insurance: The carrying amount approximates fair value.

Deposits and securities sold under agreements to repurchase: The fair value of deposits with no stated maturity, such as demand deposits, savings accounts, NOW accounts, money market accounts and securities sold under agreements to repurchase, is equal to the amount payable on demand at the reporting date. The fair value of fixed-maturity time deposits is based on the discounted value of contractual cash flows. The discount rate is estimated using the rates currently offered for deposits of similar remaining maturities.

Borrowed funds: The fair value of term debt and junior subordinated debentures is estimated using the discounted value of contractual cash flow based on the Company’s current incremental borrowing rate for similar types of borrowing arrangements.

Off-balance sheet instruments: Fair values for off-balance sheet lending commitments are based on fees currently charged to enter into similar agreements, taking into account the remaining terms of the agreements and the counterparties’ credit standings. The fair value of these commitments were not significant as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010.

Valuation techniques are based upon observable and unobservable inputs. Observable inputs reflect market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect management’s assumptions about market value. These two types of inputs create a fair value hierarchy. Level 1 includes quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets. Level 2 includes quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations whose inputs are observable. Level 3 includes instruments whose significant value drivers are unobservable. A financial instrument’s level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

Amounts could be transferred between levels if the inputs used for valuation change and become more or less observable. The Company’s policy is to recognize transfers in and transfers out as of the actual date of the event or change in circumstances that caused the transfer. There were no transfers between levels during the periods ended June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010.

 

28


Certain assets are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. Adjustments to fair value generally result from the application of lower-of-cost-or-market accounting or write downs of individual assets due to impairment. The following table summarizes the Company’s assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis:

 

     June 30, 2011  
     Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  
     ($ in thousands)  

Impaired loans

   $ 14,362       $ —         $ —         $ 14,362   

Foreclosed real estate

     3,329         —           —           3,329   
     December 31, 2010  
     Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  
     ($ in thousands)  

Impaired loans

   $ 21,102       $ —         $ —         $ 21,102   

Foreclosed real estate

     2,126         —           —           2,126   

The (gains) and losses resulting from nonrecurring fair value adjustments were as follows:

 

     June 30,      June 30,  
     2011      2010  
     ($ in thousands)  

Impaired loans

   $ 1,915       $ 1,929   

Foreclosed real estate

     83         (97

Loans: The loan amount above represents impaired, collateral dependent loans held by the Bank at the balance sheet date that have been adjusted to fair value. When collateral dependent loans are identified as impaired, the impairment is measured using the current fair value of the collateral securing these loans, less selling costs. The fair value of real estate collateral is determined using independent appraisals. The fair value of business equipment, inventory and accounts receivable collateral is typically based on the net book value on the business’ financial statements, but in some cases, an appraisal is obtained for equipment and inventory. Appraised and reported values are discounted based on management’s review and analysis, which may include historical knowledge, changes in market conditions, estimated selling and other anticipated costs, and/or expertise and knowledge of the client and the client’s business. The loss represents charge-offs or impairments on collateral dependent loans for adjustments made based on the fair value of the collateral.

Foreclosed real estate: The amount shown above represents impaired real estate properties that have been adjusted to fair value, which is typically determined using an independent appraisal. At the time of foreclosure, these assets are measured and recorded at the lower of carrying amount of the loan or fair value less costs to sell, which becomes the property’s new basis. Any write-downs based on the asset’s fair value at the date of acquisition are charged to the allowance for loan losses. After foreclosure, management periodically re-assesses the value so that the property is carried at the lower of its new cost basis or fair value, net of estimated costs to sell. Appraised values may be discounted based on management’s review and analysis, which may include historical knowledge, changes in market conditions, estimated selling and other anticipated costs, and/or expertise and knowledge of the client and the client’s business. Fair value adjustments on foreclosed real estate are recognized in the consolidated statements of operations. The net (gain) loss represents impairments on foreclosed real estate made based on the fair value of the property.

 

29


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Northwest Bancorporation, Inc. (the “Company”) is a bank holding company headquartered in Spokane, Washington, and was incorporated in 1991 under the laws of the State of Washington. The Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Inland Northwest Bank (the “Bank”), is a Washington state-chartered bank, through which substantially all business is conducted. The Bank offers a broad range of banking services to businesses and consumers throughout Spokane County, Washington, and Kootenai County, Idaho.

Forward-Looking Statements

From time to time, the Company and its senior managers have made and will make forward-looking statements that are not historical facts and that are intended to be covered by the safe harbor for “forward-looking statements” provided by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements may include, but are not limited to, statements about the Company’s plans, objectives, expectations and intentions and other statements contained in this release that are not historical facts and pertain to the Company’s future operating results. When used in this report, the words “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates” and similar expressions are generally intended to identify forward-looking statements. Management may make forward-looking statements regarding projected sources of funds, use of proceeds, availability of acquisition and growth opportunities, ability to repay government funds, payment of dividends, adequacy of the Company’s allowance for loan losses and provision for loan losses, the Company’s real estate portfolio and subsequent charge-offs. Such statements may be contained in this report and in other documents that the Company files with the SEC. Such statements may also be made by the Company and its senior managers in oral or written presentations to analysts, investors, the media and others.

Actual results may differ materially from the results discussed in these forward-looking statements, because such statements are inherently subject to significant assumptions, risks and uncertainties, many of which are difficult to predict and are generally beyond the Company’s control. These include but are not limited to:

 

   

the inflation, interest rate levels and market and monetary fluctuations;

 

   

trade, monetary and fiscal policies and laws, including interest rate policies of the federal government;

 

   

applicable laws and regulations and legislative or regulatory changes;

 

   

the timely development and acceptance of new products and services of the Company;

 

   

the willingness of customers to substitute competitors’ products and services for the Company’s products and services;

 

   

the financial condition of the Company’s borrowers and lenders;

 

   

the Company’s success in gaining regulatory approvals, when required;

 

   

technological and management changes;

 

   

growth and acquisition strategies;

 

   

the Company’s critical accounting policies and the implementation of such policies;

 

   

lower-than-expected revenue or cost savings or other issues in connection with mergers and acquisitions;

 

   

changes in consumer spending and saving habits;

 

   

the strength of the United States economy in general and the strength of the local economies in which the Company conducts its operations; and

 

   

the Company’s success at managing the risks involved in the foregoing.

 

30


This list of factors is not complete and additional information about risks of the Company achieving results suggested by any forward-looking statements may be found under the headings “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, as updated regularly in the Company’s filings with the SEC. Unless legally required, the Company disclaims any obligation to update any forward-looking statements. You should consider any forward-looking statements in light of this explanation, and we caution you about relying on forward-looking statements.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes presented elsewhere in this report and in the Company’s 2010 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Summary of Critical Accounting Policies

The SEC defines “critical accounting policies” as those that require the application of management’s most difficult, subjective, or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and may change in future periods. The accounting policies that the Company’s management have identified as critical to understanding the Company’s financial statements and operating results are described in Note 1 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010. There have been no significant changes in our application of accounting policies since December 31, 2010.

Financial Highlights

The table below summarizes the Company’s financial performance for the three-month and six-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010:

 

     Three months ended June 30,     Six months ended June 30,  
     2011     2010     %
Change
    2011     2010     %
Change
 
     ($ in thousands, except per share data)  

Results of Operations:

            

Interest income

   $ 4,803      $ 5,174        -7.2   $ 10,069      $ 10,582        -4.8

Interest expense

     1,079        1,638        -34.1     2,245        3,398        -33.9
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income

     3,724        3,536        5.3     7,824        7,184        8.9

Provision for loan losses

     1,531        950        61.2     2,362        1,450        62.9
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income after provision for loan losses

     2,193        2,586        -15.2     5,462        5,734        -4.7

Noninterest income

     904        1,044        -13.4     1,714        1,960        -12.6

Noninterest expense

     3,577        3,291        8.7     6,856        6,507        5.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     (480     339        -241.6     320        1,187        -73.0

Income tax expense

     (231     70        -430.0     (31     332        -109.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     (249     269        -192.6     351        855        -58.9

Preferred stock dividends and discount accretion, net

     169        169        0.0     339        338        0.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income applicable to common shares

   $ (418   $ 100        -518.0   $ 12      $ 517        -97.7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Per Share Data:

            

Basic earnings per common share

   $ (0.14   $ 0.04        $ —        $ 0.22     

Diluted earnings per common share

   $ (0.14   $ 0.04        $ —        $ 0.22     

Book value per common share at period end

   $ 8.57      $ 9.49           

Selected Ratios:

            

Return on average assets

     -0.43     0.10       0.01     0.26  

Return on average equity

     -4.55     1.15       0.07     3.00  

Net interest margin

     4.21     3.85       4.39     3.92  

Efficiency ratio

     77.29     71.86       71.88     71.16  

Noninterest income to average assets

     0.93     1.04       0.87     0.98  

Noninterest expense to average assets

     3.66     3.28       3.49     3.25  

Ending shareholders’ equity to average assets

     9.51     8.76       9.45     8.77  

Nonperforming loans to gross loans

     4.08     3.74       4.08     3.74  

Allowance for loan losses to gross loans

     2.64     2.38       2.64     2.38  

 

31


Results of Operations

Earnings

The Company reported a net loss applicable to common shares of $418 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2011, compared to net income applicable to common shares of $100 thousand for the comparable period in 2010. The second quarter loss resulted in net income applicable to common shares of $12 thousand for the first six months of 2011, compared to net income applicable to common shares of $517 thousand for first six months of 2010. Operating results during the second quarter of 2011 were hampered by increases to the provision for loan losses due to higher levels of loan delinquencies and net charge-offs. The provision for loan losses increased to $2.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011, compared to $1.5 million for the same period in 2011.

The return on average assets was -0.43% and 0.10% for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, and 0.01% and 0.26% for the six-month periods ending on the same dates, respectively. The return on average equity was -4.55% and 1.15% for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, and 0.07% and 3.00% for the six-month periods ending on the same dates, respectively.

Net Interest Income

The principal component of the Company’s earnings is its net interest income. Net interest income is the difference between the income earned on assets and the interest paid on deposits and on borrowings used to support such assets. Net interest income is determined by the yields earned on the Company’s interest earning assets and the rates paid on its interest bearing liabilities, the relative amounts of interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities, and the degree of mismatch and the maturity and re-pricing characteristics of its interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities. The total interest earning assets yield less the total interest bearing liabilities rate represents the Company’s net interest rate spread.

Average Balances, Rates, and Interest Income and Expenses. The tables below set forth certain information related to the Company’s average balance sheet and its average yields on assets and average costs of liabilities. Such yields are derived by dividing income or expense by the average balance of the corresponding assets or liabilities.

 

32


The following table presents an analysis of the net interest income and net interest margin for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010:

 

     Three months ended June 30,  
     2011     2010  
  

 

 

        

 

 

      
     Average
Balance
    Interest
Income or
Expense (1)
     Average
Yield or
Cost
    Average
Balance
    Interest
Income or
Expense (1)
     Average
Yield or
Cost
 
     ($ in thousands)  

ASSETS

  

Loans, gross (2) (3)

   $ 277,777      $ 4,213         6.07   $ 317,469      $ 4,788         6.03

Investment securities

     69,356        587         3.39     39,307        380         3.87

FHLB stock

     1,261        —           0.00     1,261        —           0.00

Federal funds sold and interest bearing deposits

     5,420        3         0.22     8,970        6         0.27
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total interest earning assets

     353,814        4,803         5.43     367,007        5,174         5.64

Allowance for loan losses

     (6,318          (7,440     

Cash and due from banks

     13,027             11,051        

Other non-earning assets

     30,034             30,700        
  

 

 

        

 

 

      

Total assets

   $ 390,557           $ 401,318        
  

 

 

        

 

 

      

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

              

NOW accounts

     57,527        277         1.93     49,040        203         1.66

Money market accounts

     41,479        63         0.61     30,248        79         1.04

Savings accounts

     53,673        99         0.74     45,374        103         0.91

Time certificates of deposit

     118,934        562         1.89     156,207        1,083         2.77
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total interest bearing deposits

     271,613        1,001         1.47     280,869        1,468         2.09

Securities sold under repurchase agreements

     1        —           0.00     174        —           0.00

Borrowed funds

     5,245        50         3.81     9,710        92         3.79

Junior subordinated debentures

     5,155        28         2.17     5,155        78         6.05
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total borrowed funds

     10,401        78         3.00     15,039        170         4.52
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total interest bearing liabilities

     282,014        1,079         1.53     295,908        1,638         2.21

Demand deposits

     68,633             62,261        

Other liabilities

     3,152             8,460        

Shareholders’ equity

     36,758             34,689        
  

 

 

        

 

 

      

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 390,557           $ 401,318        
  

 

 

        

 

 

      

Net interest income

     $ 3,724           $ 3,536      
    

 

 

        

 

 

    

Net interest spread

          3.90          3.43
       

 

 

        

 

 

 

Net interest income to average earning assets (margin)

          4.21          3.85
       

 

 

        

 

 

 

Comments:

(1) There are no tax equivalency adjustments.
(2) Nonaccrual loans are included in average loan balances.
(3) Loan fee income in the amount of $107 thousand and $96 thousand is included in loan interest income for 2011 and 2010, respectively.

During the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, net interest income was $3.7 million and $3.5 million, respectively. This $188 thousand, or 5.3%, increase in net interest income resulted from interest expense declining at a faster rate than interest income as well as from a change in the mix of interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities. The net interest margin improved 36 basis points from 3.85% to 4.21% for the three-month periods ending June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively.

 

33


The following table presents an analysis of the net interest income and net interest margin for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010:

 

     Six months ended June 30,  
     2011     2010  
     Average
Balance
    Interest
Income or
Expense (1)
     Average
Yield or
Cost
    Average
Balance
    Interest
Income or
Expense (1)
     Average
Yield or
Cost
 
     ($ in thousands)  

ASSETS

  

Loans, gross (2) (3)

   $ 280,537      $ 8,883         6.33   $ 320,664      $ 9,862         6.15

Investment Securities

     69,611        1,180         3.39     33,947        707         4.17

FHLB stock

     1,261        —           0.00     1,261        —           0.00

Federal funds sold and interest bearing deposits

     5,052        6         0.24     10,651        13         0.24
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total interest earning assets

     356,461        10,069         5.65     366,523        10,582         5.77

Allowance for loan losses

     (6,603          (7,385     

Cash and due from banks

     13,022             10,516        

Other non-earning assets

     30,539             31,228        
  

 

 

        

 

 

      

Total assets

   $ 393,419           $ 400,882        
  

 

 

        

 

 

      

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

              

NOW accounts

     58,463        591         2.02     43,738        326         1.49

Money market accounts

     41,739        133         0.64     28,333        147         1.04

Savings accounts

     51,492        185         0.72     45,749        240         1.05

Time certificates of deposit

     122,570        1,188         1.94     161,953        2,319         2.86
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total interest bearing deposits

     274,264        2,097         1.53     279,773        3,032         2.17

Securities sold under repurchase agreements

     26        —           0.00     250        —           0.00

Borrowed funds

     4,510        94         4.17     11,291        211         3.74

Junior subordinated debentures

     5,155        54         2.10     5,155        155         6.01
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total borrowed funds

     9,691        148         3.05     16,696        366         4.38
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total interest bearing liabilities

     283,955        2,245         1.58     296,469        3,398         2.29

Demand deposits

     70,133             61,516        

Other liabilities

     2,930             8,407        

Shareholders’ equity

     36,401             34,490        
  

 

 

        

 

 

      

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 393,419           $ 400,882        
  

 

 

        

 

 

      

Net interest income

     $ 7,824           $ 7,184      
    

 

 

        

 

 

    

Net interest spread

          4.07          3.48
       

 

 

        

 

 

 

Net interest income to average earning assets (margin)

          4.39          3.92
       

 

 

        

 

 

 

Comments:

(1) There are no tax equivalency adjustments.
(2) Nonaccrual loans are included in average loan balances.
(3) Loan fee income in the amount of $225 thousand and $205 thousand is included in loan interest income for 2011 and 2010, respectively.

During the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, net interest income was $7.8 million and $7.2 million, respectively. This $640 thousand, or 8.9%, increase in net interest income resulted from interest expense declining at a faster rate than interest income as well as from a change in the mix of interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities. The net interest margin improved 47 basis points from 3.92% to 4.39% for the six-month periods ending June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively.

Interest income for the six months ended June 30, 2011 was $10.1 million, representing a decrease of $513 thousand, or 4.8%, compared to the same period in 2010. The decrease in interest income is related to a change in the mix of interest earning assets and a decrease in yield on investments, but was offset by an increase in the yield on loans. Loans, the highest yielding component of earning assets, represented 78.7% of average earning assets during the first six months of 2011, compared to 87.5% during the first six months of 2010. The average yield on loans increased 18 basis points to 6.33% for the first six months of 2011 from 6.15% for the comparable period in 2010. The increase in loan yield was offset by a $40.1 million, or 12.5%, decrease in average loan balances. As a result, interest income on loans decreasing $979 thousand, or 9.9%. Average investment securities increased $35.7 million, or 105.1%, from June 30, 2010 to June 30, 2011, as a result of management’s efforts to improve the Bank’s on-balance sheet liquidity and because of moderate loan demand. The yield on securities decreased 78 basis points from 4.17% for the six months ended June 30, 2010, to 3.39% for the comparable period in 2011. The increase in investment securities combined with the decrease in yield on securities resulted in an improvement in investment income of $473 thousand, or 66.9%.

 

34


Interest expense for the six months ended June 30, 2011, was $2.2 million, representing a decrease of $1.2 million, or 33.9%, compared to $3.4 million for the same period in 2010. This improvement in interest expense was impacted by reductions in and re-pricing of time certificates of deposit along with paydowns of borrowed funds. The decrease in interest expense was partially offset by an increase in interest expense for NOW accounts, which was the result of a campaign to increase core deposits by offering higher than market rates on these accounts. The Bank expects to continue to see reductions in interest expense in the near-term as time certificates of deposit continue to re-price to the lower rates currently offered by the Bank. Overall, the average cost of deposits improved 64 basis points from 2.17% for the six months ended June 30, 2010, to 1.53% for the comparable period in 2011. Interest expense on junior subordinated debentures decreased $101 thousand, or 65.2%, because the interest rate, which had been fixed at 5.95% through June 30, 2010, now re-prices quarterly at the 3-month LIBOR rate plus 170 basis points.

Rate/Volume Analysis. The following table sets forth the effects of changing rates and volumes on our net interest income. The rate column shows the effects attributable to changes in rate (changes in rate multiplied by prior volume). The volume column shows the effects attributable to changes in volume (changes in volume multiplied by prior rate). The rate/volume column shows the effects attributable to changes in both rate and volume (changes in rate multiplied by changes in volume).

 

     Three months ended June 30
2011 over 2010
    Six months ended June 30
2011 over 2010
 
     Increase (Decrease) Due to Changes in     Increase (Decrease) Due to Changes in  
     Volume     Rate     Rate/
Volume
    Total     Volume     Rate     Rate/
Volume
    Total  
     ($ in thousands)  

Interest earning assets

                

Loans

   $ (598   $ 32      $ (9   $ (575   $ (1,234   $ 289      $ (34   $ (979

Investment securities

     291        (47     (37     207        744        (132     (139     473   

FHLB stock

     —          —          —          —          —          —          —          —     

Fed funds sold/interest bearing deposits

     (2     (1     —          (3     (7     —          —          (7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest earning assets

     (309     (16     (46     (371     (497     157        (173     (513

Interest bearing liabilities

    <