UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q/A
(Amendment No. 1)

(Mark One)

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2005

OR

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                to              

Commission file number 1-13175


VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

74-1828067

(State or other jurisdiction of

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

Identification No.)

 

 

One Valero Way

San Antonio, Texas

(Address of principal executive offices)

78249

(Zip Code)

 

(210) 345-2000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes X      No__

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes X No __

The number of shares of the registrant’s only class of common stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding as of April 29, 2005 was 256,732,665.

 


 



 

Explanatory Note

This amendment to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2005 is being filed solely to include the conformed signature of the Registrant, which was inadvertently omitted from the Form 10-Q filed on May 10, 2005. No revisions have been made to the Registrant's financial statements or any other disclosure contained in such Form 10-Q.

 

VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

INDEX

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

Page

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2005 and December 31, 2004

3

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Income for the Three Months
          Ended March 31, 2005 and 2004


          4

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months
          Ended March 31, 2005 and 2004


          5

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the
          Three Months Ended March 31, 2005 and 2004


          6

 

 

Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

7

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and
      Results of Operations


        21

 

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

33

 

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

37

 

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

38

 

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

38

 

 

Item 6. Exhibits

39

 

 

SIGNATURE

40

 

 

2

 



 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements

 

VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Millions of Dollars, Except Par Value)

 

 

 

March 31,
2005

 

December 31,

2004

 

 

 


 


 

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and temporary cash investments

 

$

686

 

$

864

 

Restricted cash

 

 

24

 

 

24

 

Receivables, net

 

 

2,153

 

 

1,839

 

Inventories

 

 

2,801

 

 

2,318

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

149

 

 

175

 

Prepaid expenses and other

 

 

43

 

 

44

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Total current assets

 

 

5,856

 

 

5,264

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment, at cost

 

 

12,680

 

 

12,295

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(2,095

)

 

(1,978

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

 

10,585

 

 

10,317

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets, net

 

 

303

 

 

311

 

Goodwill

 

 

2,401

 

 

2,401

 

Investment in Valero L.P.

 

 

263

 

 

265

 

Deferred charges and other assets, net

 

 

906

 

 

834

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Total assets

 

$

20,314

 

$

19,392

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current portion of long-term debt and capital lease obligations

 

$

435

 

$

412

 

Accounts payable

 

 

3,914

 

 

2,963

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

690

 

 

519

 

Taxes other than income taxes

 

 

381

 

 

480

 

Income taxes payable

 

 

127

 

 

160

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Total current liabilities

 

 

5,547

 

 

4,534

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt, less current portion

 

 

3,576

 

 

3,893

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Capital lease obligations, less current portion

 

 

34

 

 

8

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

1,974

 

 

2,011

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

1,192

 

 

1,148

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized;
          9,072,488 and 10,000,000 shares issued and outstanding

 

 

 

190

 

 

 

208

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 600,000,000 shares authorized;
          262,107,776 and 261,188,614 shares issued

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

3

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

4,373

 

 

4,358

 

Treasury stock, at cost; 6,852,739 and 5,712,762 shares

 

 

(317

)

 

(199

)

Retained earnings

 

 

3,709

 

 

3,199

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

33

 

 

229

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

7,991

 

 

7,798

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

20,314

 

$

19,392

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

See Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

3

 



 

 

VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Millions of Dollars, Except per Share Amounts and Supplemental Information)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 


 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 


 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating revenues (1) (2)

 

$

14,953

 

$

11,082

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales (1)

 

 

13,072

 

 

9,759

 

Refining operating expenses

 

 

591

 

 

497

 

Retail selling expenses

 

 

175

 

 

165

 

General and administrative expenses

 

 

83

 

 

83

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

186

 

 

141

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Total costs and expenses

 

 

14,107

 

 

10,645

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

 

846

 

 

437

 

Equity in earnings of Valero L.P.

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

Other expense, net

 

 

(2

)

 

 

Interest and debt expense:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Incurred

 

 

(74

)

 

(71

)

Capitalized

 

 

11

 

 

9

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Income before income tax expense

 

 

790

 

 

385

 

Income tax expense

 

 

256

 

 

137

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

534

 

 

248

 

Preferred stock dividends

 

 

4

 

 

3

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income applicable to common stock

 

$

530

 

$

245

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share

 

$

2.07

 

$

0.97

 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding
(in millions)

 

 

 

256

 

 

 

252

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share – assuming dilution

 

$

1.92

 

$

0.91

 

Weighted-average common equivalent shares
outstanding (in millions)

 

 

 

278

 

 

 

272

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends per common share

 

$

0.08

 

$

0.06

 

________

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental information (billions of dollars):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes amounts related to crude oil buy/sell arrangements:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating revenues

 

$

1.2

 

$

0.9

 

Cost of sales

 

 

1.2

 

 

0.9

 

(2) Includes excise taxes on sales by Valero’s U.S.
 retail system

 

 


0.2

 

 


0.2

 

 

See Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

4

 



 

 

VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Millions of Dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 


 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 


 


 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

534

 

$

248

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net
cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

186

 

 

141

 

Deferred income tax expense

 

 

102

 

 

98

 

Changes in current assets and current liabilities

 

 

(14

)

 

(82

)

Changes in deferred charges and credits and other, net

 

 

(11

)

 

(76

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

797

 

 

329

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

 

 

(338

)

 

(246

)

Deferred turnaround and catalyst costs

 

 

(107

)

 

(120

)

Buyout of assets under structured lease arrangements

 

 

 

 

(567

)

Aruba Acquisition, net of cash acquired

 

 

 

 

(567

)

Contingent payments in connection with acquisitions

 

 

(50

)

 

(9

)

Minor acquisition and other investing activities, net

 

 

(34

)

 

5

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(529

)

 

(1,504

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt borrowings, net of issuance costs

 

 

35

 

 

2,520

 

Long-term debt repayments

 

 

(313

)

 

(1,909

)

Proceeds from the sale of common stock, net of issuance costs

 

 

 

 

406

 

Issuance of common stock in connection with employee benefit plans

 

 

33

 

 

61

 

Common and preferred stock dividends

 

 

(22

)

 

(17

)

Purchase of treasury stock

 

 

(177

)

 

(12

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

 

(444

)

 

1,049

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash

 

 

(2

)

 

(4

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

Net decrease in cash and temporary cash investments

 

 

(178

)

 

(130

)

Cash and temporary cash investments at beginning of period

 

 

864

 

 

369

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Cash and temporary cash investments at end of period

 

$

686

 

$

239

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

See Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

5

 



 

 

VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Millions of Dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 


 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 


 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

534

 

$

248

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

(13

)

 

(11

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net gain (loss) on derivative instruments
designated and qualifying as cash flow hedges:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net gain (loss) arising during the period,
net of income tax (expense) benefit of
$122 and $(8)

 

 

 

 

(226

)

 

 

 

16

 

Net (gain) loss reclassified into income,
net of income tax expense (benefit) of
$(23) and $4

 

 

 

 

43

 

 

 

 

(8

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

Net gain (loss) on cash flow hedges

 

 

(183

)

 

8

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive loss

 

 

(196

)

 

(3

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

 

$

338

 

$

245

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

See Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

6

 



VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 

1.   BASIS OF PRESENTATION, PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

As used in this report, the term Valero may refer to Valero Energy Corporation, one or more of its consolidated subsidiaries, or all of them taken as a whole.

These unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Valero and subsidiaries in which Valero has a controlling interest. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Investments in 50% or less owned entities are accounted for using the equity method of accounting.

These unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete consolidated financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature unless disclosed otherwise. Financial information for the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004 included in these Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements is derived from Valero’s unaudited consolidated financial statements. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2005 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2005.

The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2004 has been derived from the audited financial statements as of that date. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Valero’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004.

All share and per share data (except par value) presented for periods in 2004 reflect the effect of a two-for-one stock split, which was effected in the form of a common stock dividend distributed on October 7, 2004.
 

Certain previously reported amounts have been reclassified to conform to the 2005 presentation.

2.   ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

 

FASB Statement No. 123 (revised 2004)

In December 2004, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Statement No. 123 (revised 2004), “Share-Based Payment” (Statement No. 123R), which will require the expensing of stock options. In April 2005, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) amended Rule 4-01(a) of Regulation S-X to defer the required date for compliance with Statement No. 123R to the first interim or annual reporting period of the registrant’s first fiscal year beginning on or after June 15, 2005 if the registrant is not a small business issuer. Valero intends to adopt Statement No. 123R on January 1, 2006, which complies with the amended Rule 4-01(a).

The adoption of Statement No. 123R’s fair value method will reduce Valero’s results of operations, but it will not impact Valero’s overall financial position. The magnitude of the impact of adoption of Statement No. 123R cannot be predicted at this time because it will depend on levels of share-based incentive awards granted in the future. However, had Valero adopted Statement No. 123R in prior periods, the

 

 

7

 



VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

 

impact of that standard would have approximated the impact of Statement No. 123 as described in Note 12.

Statement No. 123R also requires the benefits of tax deductions in excess of recognized compensation cost to be reported as a financing cash flow, rather than as an operating cash flow as required under current literature. This requirement will reduce cash flows from operating activities and increase cash flows from financing activities in periods after adoption. While Valero cannot estimate the magnitude of such amounts in the future because they depend on, among other things, when employees exercise stock options, the amounts of operating cash flows recognized for such excess tax deductions were $19 million and $21 million for the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004, respectively.

 

FASB Interpretation No. 47

In March 2005, the FASB issued Interpretation No. 47, “Accounting for Conditional Asset Retirement Obligations” (FIN 47). FIN 47 clarifies that the term “conditional asset retirement obligation” as used in FASB Statement No. 143, “Accounting for Asset Retirement Obligations,” refers to a legal obligation to perform an asset retirement activity in which the timing and/or method of settlement are conditional on a future event that may or may not be within the control of the entity. Since the obligation to perform the asset retirement activity is unconditional, FIN 47 provides that a liability for the fair value of a conditional asset retirement obligation should be recognized if that fair value can be reasonably estimated, even though uncertainty exists about the timing and/or method of settlement. FIN 47 also clarifies when an entity would have sufficient information to reasonably estimate the fair value of an asset retirement obligation under FASB Statement No. 143. FIN 47 is effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2005, and is not expected to affect Valero’s financial position or results of operations.

 

3.   ACQUISITIONS

 

Aruba Acquisition

On March 5, 2004, Valero completed the purchase of El Paso Corporation’s refinery located on the island of Aruba in the Caribbean Sea (Aruba Refinery), and related marine, bunkering and marketing operations (collectively, Aruba Acquisition). The final purchase price allocation was as follows (in millions):

 

Current assets

 

$

323

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

 

498

 

Current liabilities

 

 

(172

)

Capital lease obligation, less current portion

 

 

(3

)

Deferred income taxes

 

 

9

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

(20

)

 

 

 


 

Total purchase price

 

 

635

 

Less cash acquired

 

 

(94

)

 

 

 


 

Purchase price, excluding cash acquired

 

$

541

 

 

 

 


 

 

Unaudited Pro Forma Financial Information

The following unaudited pro forma financial information assumes that the Aruba Acquisition occurred on January 1, 2004. This pro forma information assumes 15.6 million shares of common stock were sold and approximately $36 million of debt was incurred in connection with the Aruba Acquisition on January 1, 2004.

 

8

 



VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

 

The consolidated statements of income include the results of operations of the Aruba Acquisition commencing on March 5, 2004. As a result, information for the three months ended March 31, 2005 presented below represents actual results of operations.

The unaudited pro forma financial information is not necessarily indicative of the results of future operations (in millions, except per share amounts):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 


 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 


 


 

Operating revenues

 

$

14,953

 

$

11,553

 

Operating income

 

 

846

 

 

422

 

Net income

 

 

534

 

 

232

 

Earnings per common share

 

 

2.07

 

 

0.88

 

Earnings per common share – assuming dilution

 

 

1.92

 

 

0.83

 

 

4.   INVENTORIES

Inventories consisted of the following (in millions):

 

 

 

March 31,
2005

 

December 31,
2004

 

 

 


 


 

Refinery feedstocks

 

$

1,229

 

$

877

 

Refined products and blendstocks

 

 

1,320

 

 

1,200

 

Convenience store merchandise

 

 

93

 

 

84

 

Materials and supplies

 

 

159

 

 

157

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Inventories

 

$

2,801

 

$

2,318

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

As of March 31, 2005 and December 31, 2004, the replacement cost of LIFO inventories exceeded their LIFO carrying amounts by approximately $2.6 billion and $1.2 billion, respectively.

5.   INVESTMENT IN AND TRANSACTIONS WITH VALERO L.P.

As of March 31, 2005 and December 31, 2004, Valero owned approximately 45.5% and 45.7%, respectively, of Valero L.P., a limited partnership that owns and operates crude oil and refined product pipeline, terminalling and storage tank assets. Financial information reported by Valero L.P. is summarized below (in millions):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 


 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 


 


 

Revenues

 

$

57

 

$

52

 

Operating income

 

 

25

 

 

25

 

Net income

 

 

19

 

 

20

 

 

As of March 31, 2005 and December 31, 2004, Valero’s “receivables, net” included $3 million and $4 million, respectively, from Valero L.P., representing amounts due for employee costs, insurance costs, operating expenses, administrative costs and rentals. As of both March 31, 2005 and December 31, 2004,

 

9

 



VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

 

Valero’s “accounts payable” included $19 million to Valero L.P., representing amounts due for pipeline tariffs, terminalling fees and tank rentals and fees.

Under a services agreement, Valero provides Valero L.P. with the corporate functions of legal, accounting, treasury, engineering, information technology and other services for an administrative services fee as prescribed by the services agreement. In addition, Valero charges Valero L.P. for employee costs related to operating and maintenance services performed on certain Valero L.P. assets, and Valero pays Valero L.P. certain fees under throughput, handling, terminalling and service agreements with Valero L.P. The following table summarizes the results of transactions with Valero L.P. (in millions):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 


 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 


 


 

Fees and expenses charged by Valero to Valero L.P.

 

$

11

 

$

8

 

Fees and expenses charged to Valero by Valero L.P.

 

 

55

 

 

51

 

6.   LONG-TERM DEBT

During January 2005, Valero repurchased $40 million of its 7.375% notes due in March 2006 and $42 million of its 6.125% notes due in April 2007 at a premium of $4 million. In addition, during the first quarter of 2005, Valero made the following scheduled debt repayments:

$46 million during February 2005 related to its 7.44% medium-term notes, and

$150 million during March 2005 related to its 8% medium-term notes.

During the three months ended March 31, 2005, Valero borrowed and repaid $35 million under its revolving bank credit facilities.

7.   STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

2% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock
During February 2005, 927,512 shares of the preferred stock were converted into 919,162 shares of Valero common stock. During April 2005, 1,287,564 additional shares of the preferred stock were converted into 1,275,975 shares of Valero common stock.

On April 22, 2005, Valero’s board of directors declared a dividend on the mandatory convertible preferred stock of $0.125 per share payable on June 30, 2005 to holders of record at the close of business on June 29, 2005.

Common Stock Purchases
During the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004, Valero purchased 2.8 million and 0.4 million shares of its common stock at a cost of $177 million and $12 million, respectively, in connection with the administration of its employee benefit plans.

Common Stock Dividends
On April 22, 2005, Valero’s board of directors declared a regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.10 per common share payable June 15, 2005 to holders of record at the close of business on May 18, 2005. This represented a $0.02 per share increase compared to the dividend declared in the first quarter of 2005.

 

10

 



VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

 

 

8.   EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE

Earnings per common share amounts were computed as follows (dollars and shares in millions, except per share amounts):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 


 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 


 


 

Earnings per Common Share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

534

 

$

248

 

Preferred stock dividends

 

 

4

 

 

3

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Net income applicable to common stock

 

$

530

 

$

245

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding

 

 

256

 

 

252

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share

 

$

2.07

 

$

0.97

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per Common Share – Assuming Dilution:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income applicable to
common equivalent shares

 

$

 

534

 

$

 

248

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding

 

 

256

 

 

252

 

Effect of dilutive securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock options

 

 

10

 

 

7

 

Performance awards and other benefit plans

 

 

3

 

 

3

 

Mandatory convertible preferred stock

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Weighted-average common equivalent
shares outstanding

 

 

 

278

 

 

 

272

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share – assuming dilution

 

$

1.92

 

$

0.91

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

11

 



VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

 

 

9.   STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

In order to determine net cash provided by operating activities, net income is adjusted by, among other things, changes in current assets and current liabilities as follows (in millions):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 


 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 


 


 

Decrease (increase) in current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Restricted cash

 

$

 

$

9

 

Receivables, net

 

 

(323

)

 

(308

)

Inventories

 

 

(479

)

 

(345

)

Prepaid expenses and other

 

 

2

 

 

(2

)

Increase (decrease) in current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

 

950

 

 

606

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

(58

)

 

(26

)

Taxes other than income taxes

 

 

(97

)

 

11

 

Income taxes payable

 

 

(9

)

 

(27

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

Changes in current assets and current liabilities

 

$

(14

)

$

(82

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

The above changes in current assets and current liabilities differ from changes between amounts reflected in the applicable consolidated balance sheets for the respective periods for the following reasons:

the amounts shown above exclude changes in cash and temporary cash investments, deferred income taxes, and current portion of long-term debt and capital lease obligations;

the amounts shown above exclude the current assets and current liabilities acquired in connection with the Aruba Acquisition in 2004, which are reflected separately in the consolidated statement of cash flows, and the effect of certain noncash investing activities discussed below; and

certain differences between consolidated balance sheet changes and consolidated statement of cash flow changes reflected above result from translating foreign currency denominated amounts at different exchange rates.

 

Noncash investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2005 included adjustments to property, plant and equipment and certain current and noncurrent assets and liabilities resulting from adjustments to the purchase price allocation related to the Aruba Acquisition.

 

Noncash financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2005 included:

the recognition of a $28 million capital lease obligation and related capital lease asset related to certain equipment at Valero’s Texas City Refinery and

the conversion of 927,512 shares of preferred stock into 919,162 shares of Valero common stock as discussed in Note 7.

There were no significant noncash investing or financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2004.

 

12

 



VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

 

Cash flows related to interest and income taxes were as follows (in millions):

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 


 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 


 


 

Interest paid (net of amount capitalized)

 

$

18

 

$

22

 

Income taxes paid

 

 

165

 

 

73

 

Income tax refunds received

 

 

1

 

 

2

 

 

10.

PRICE RISK MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES

 

The net gain (loss) recognized in income representing the amount of hedge ineffectiveness was as follows (in millions):

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 


 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 


 


 

Fair value hedges

 

$

1

 

$

3

 

Cash flow hedges

 

 

(2

)

 

(7

)

 

The above amounts were included in “cost of sales” in the consolidated statements of income. No component of the derivative instruments’ gains or losses was excluded from the assessment of hedge effectiveness. No amounts were recognized in income for hedged firm commitments that no longer qualify as fair value hedges.

For cash flow hedges, gains and losses currently reported in “accumulated other comprehensive income” in the consolidated balance sheets will be reclassified into income when the forecasted transactions affect income. During the three months ended March 31, 2005, Valero recognized in “accumulated other comprehensive income” unrealized after-tax losses of $226 million on certain cash flow hedges, primarily related to forward sales of distillates and associated forward purchases of crude oil, with $232 million of cumulative after-tax losses on cash flow hedges remaining in “accumulated other comprehensive income” as of March 31, 2005. Valero expects that all of these losses will be reclassified into income over the next nine months as a result of hedged transactions that are forecasted to occur. The amount ultimately realized in income, however, will differ as commodity prices change. For the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004, there were no amounts reclassified from “accumulated other comprehensive income” into income as a result of the discontinuance of cash flow hedge accounting.

 

13

 



VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

 

11.   SEGMENT INFORMATION

Segment information for Valero’s two reportable segments, refining and retail, was as follows (in millions):

 

 

 

Refining

 

Retail

 

Corporate

 

Total

 

 

 


 


 


 


 

Three months ended March 31, 2005:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating revenues from external customers

 

$

13,366

 

$

1,587

 

$

 

$

14,953

 

Intersegment revenues

 

 

1,042

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,042

 

Operating income (loss)

 

 

933

 

 

10

 

 

(97

)

 

846

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31, 2004:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating revenues from external customers

 

 

9,666

 

 

1,416

 

 

 

 

11,082

 

Intersegment revenues

 

 

838

 

 

 

 

 

 

838

 

Operating income (loss)

 

 

495

 

 

34

 

 

(92

)

 

437

 

 

Total assets by reportable segment were as follows (in millions):

 

 

 

March 31,

2005

 

December 31,

2004

 

 

 


 


 

Refining

 

$

17,229

 

$

16,068

 

Retail

 

 

1,759

 

 

1,706

 

Corporate

 

 

1,326

 

 

1,618

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Total consolidated assets

 

$

20,314

 

$

19,392

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

The entire balance of goodwill as of March 31, 2005 and December 31, 2004 has been included in the total assets of the refining reportable segment.

 

 

14

 



VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

12.   STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

Valero accounts for its employee stock compensation plans using the intrinsic value method of accounting set forth in APB Opinion No. 25, “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees,” and related interpretations as permitted by Statement No. 123, “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation.”

Because Valero accounts for its employee stock compensation plans using the intrinsic value method, compensation cost is not recognized in the consolidated statements of income for Valero’s fixed stock option plans as all options granted have an exercise price equal to the market value of the underlying common stock on the date of grant. Had compensation cost for Valero’s fixed stock option plans been determined based on the grant-date fair value of awards consistent with the alternative method set forth in Statement No. 123, Valero’s net income applicable to common stock, net income and earnings per common share, both with and without dilution, for the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004 would have been reduced to the pro forma amounts indicated below (in millions, except per share amounts):
 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

2005

 

 

2004

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

Net income applicable to common stock,
as reported

 

$

530

 

$

245

 

Deduct: Compensation expense on stock
options determined under fair value method
for all awards, net of related tax effects

 

 

(4

)

 

(4

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

Pro forma net income applicable to
common stock

 

$

526

 

$

241

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As reported

 

$

2.07

 

$

0.97

 

Pro forma

 

 

2.05

 

 

0.96

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income, as reported

 

$

534

 

$

248

 

Deduct: Compensation expense on stock
options determined under fair value method
for all awards, net of related tax effects

 

 

(4

)

 

(4

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

Pro forma net income

 

$

530

 

$

244

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share – assuming dilution:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As reported

 

$

1.92

 

$

0.91

 

Pro forma

 

 

1.91

 

 

0.90

 

See Note 2 for a discussion of FASB Statement No. 123 (revised 2004) and the SEC’s amended Rule 4-01(a) of Regulation S-X, which will require Valero to change its accounting for stock-based compensation beginning in 2006.

 

15

 



VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

13.   EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

The components of net periodic benefit cost related to Valero’s defined benefit plans were as follows for the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004 (in millions):

 

 

 

Pension Plans

 

Other Postretirement
Benefit Plans

 

 

 


 


 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 


 


 


 


 

Components of net periodic benefit cost:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Service cost

 

$

16

 

$

14

 

$

2

 

$

2

 

Interest cost

 

 

14

 

 

12

 

 

4

 

 

4

 

Expected return on plan assets

 

 

(12

)

 

(10

)

 

 

 

 

Amortization of:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prior service cost

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

(2

)

 

(2

)

Net loss

 

 

2

 

 

1

 

 

2

 

 

2

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 


 

Net periodic benefit cost

 

$

21

 

$

17

 

$

6

 

$

6

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 


 

Valero’s anticipated contributions to its pension plans during 2005 have not changed from amounts previously disclosed in Valero’s consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2004. Valero has no minimum required contributions to its pension plans during 2005 under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act. For the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004, Valero contributed $12 million and $25 million, respectively, to its qualified pension plans.

14.   COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Accounts Receivable Sales Facility
As of March 31, 2005, Valero had an accounts receivable sales facility with three third-party financial institutions to sell on a revolving basis up to $600 million of eligible trade and credit card receivables, which matures in October 2005. As of March 31, 2005 and December 31, 2004, the amount of eligible receivables sold to the third-party financial institutions was $600 million.

Guarantees
In connection with the sale of the Golden Eagle Business in 2002, Valero guaranteed certain lease payment obligations related to a lease assumed by Tesoro Refining and Marketing Company, which totaled approximately $34 million as of March 31, 2005. This lease expires in 2010. To date, Valero has not been required to, and has not, made any payments under this guarantee.

 

16

 



VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

Contingent Earn-Out Agreements
In January 2005, Valero made a previously accrued earn-out payment related to the acquisition of the St. Charles Refinery of $50 million. No earn-out payments were made during the three months ended March 31, 2004. The following table summarizes the aggregate payments made and payment limitations for the following acquisitions (in millions):

 

 

 

Basis
Petroleum, Inc.

 

St. Charles
Refinery

 

 

 


 


 

         Aggregate payments made through March 31, 2005

 

$

139

 

$

50

 

          Annual maximum limit

 

 

35

 

 

50

 

          Aggregate limit

 

 

200

 

 

175

 

 

Environmental Matters

The Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Tier II Gasoline and Diesel Standards.  The EPA’s Tier II standards, adopted under the Clean Air Act, phase in limitations on the sulfur content of gasoline (which began in 2004) and diesel fuel sold to highway consumers (beginning in 2006). Most of Valero’s refineries are being modified to comply with the Tier II gasoline and diesel standards. Valero believes that capital expenditures of approximately $2 billion will be required through 2008 for its refineries to meet the Tier II specifications, of which approximately $880 million has been spent through March 31, 2005. This estimate includes amounts related to projects at three Valero refineries to provide hydrogen necessary for removing sulfur from gasoline and diesel. Valero expects that its cost estimates will change as additional engineering is completed and progress is made toward construction of these various projects.

EPA’s Section 114 Initiative. In 2000, the EPA issued to a majority of refiners operating in the United States a series of information requests pursuant to Section 114 of the Clean Air Act as part of an enforcement initiative. Valero received a Section 114 information request pertaining to all of its refineries owned at that time. Valero completed its response to the request, and it has not been named in any enforcement proceeding by the EPA. Several other refiners, however, have either reached global settlements with the EPA regarding this enforcement initiative or have been subject to enforcement proceedings by the EPA. Valero believes that it will be able to finalize a settlement with the EPA during 2005 applicable to all of its U.S. refineries. Valero expects to incur penalties and related expenses in connection with a potential settlement, but believes that any settlement penalties will be immaterial to its consolidated results of operations and financial position. In addition, Valero expects that a settlement of this matter will require significant capital improvements or changes in operating parameters, or both, at most of its refineries. However, Valero expects that most of the required capital improvements or changes in operating parameters will be consistent with many of its existing or forecasted strategic capital projects or emission reduction projects already planned for the next several years.

Houston/Galveston SIP. Valero’s Houston and Texas City Refineries are located in the Houston/Galveston area, which is classified as “severe nonattainment” for compliance with the EPA’s one-hour air-quality standard for ozone. In October 2001, the EPA approved a State Implementation Plan (SIP) to bring the Houston/Galveston area into compliance with the one-hour ozone standard by 2007. The EPA-approved plan was based on a requirement for industry sources to reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) by 90% from a 1997-1999 average actual emissions baseline. Certain industry and business groups challenged the plan based on technical feasibility of the 90% NOx control and its effectiveness in achieving compliance with the ozone standard. In December 2002, the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) adopted a revised approach for the Houston/Galveston

17

 



VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

SIP. This alternative plan requires an 80% reduction in NOx emissions and a 64% reduction in so-called highly reactive volatile organic compounds (HRVOC). This alternative plan is subject to EPA review and approval. Valero will be required to install NOx and HRVOC control and monitoring equipment and implement certain operating practices by 2007 at its Houston and Texas City Refineries at a cost estimated by Valero to be approximately $68 million based on the proposed TCEQ approach.

 

Litigation

Unocal

In 2002, Union Oil Company of California (Unocal) sued Valero alleging patent infringement. The complaint seeks a 5.75 cent per gallon royalty on all reformulated gasoline infringing on Unocal’s '393 and '126 patents. These patents cover certain compositions of cleaner-burning gasoline. The complaint seeks treble damages for Valero’s alleged willful infringement of Unocal’s patents and Valero’s alleged conduct to induce others to infringe the patents. In a previous lawsuit involving its '393 patent, Unocal prevailed against several major refiners, including Chevron Corporation and Texaco Inc., now ChevronTexaco Corporation (ChevronTexaco). On April 4, 2005, ChevronTexaco announced that it is acquiring Unocal. It is unclear at this time how the proposed acquisition, if completed, will affect the patent lawsuit against Valero.

In 2001, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) began an antitrust investigation concerning Unocal’s misconduct with a joint industry research group and regulators during the time that Unocal was prosecuting its patents at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO). In 2003, the FTC filed a complaint against Unocal for antitrust violations. The FTC’s complaint seeks an injunction against future '393 or '126 patent enforcement activity by Unocal against any person or entity with respect to gasoline to be sold in California. The trial for the FTC’s antitrust charges against Unocal began before an administrative law judge (ALJ) on October 19, 2004. The evidence phase of the proceeding ended in January 2005. The deadline for final briefing was recently extended until July 2005 based on an unopposed motion filed by the FTC. The FTC’s motion referenced ChevronTexaco’s proposed acquisition of Unocal and suggested that the extension of time would enable the FTC to review issues relating to ChevronTexaco’s acquisition of Unocal’s patents and would also permit the FTC to discuss the possibility of resolving the FTC’s ongoing litigation with Unocal. If there is no resolution, the ALJ will rule and the ALJ’s decision will likely be appealed to the full Commission.

In addition to the FTC proceedings, the '393 and '126 patents are being reexamined by the PTO. The PTO has issued notices of rejection of all claims of each of these patents. These rejections are subject to additional proceedings, including administrative appeal by Unocal, followed by an appeal in federal district court or the court of appeals. Ultimate invalidation would preclude Unocal from pursuing claims based on the '393 or '126 patents.

Unocal’s suit against Valero is indefinitely stayed as a result of the PTO reexamination proceedings. Notwithstanding the judgment against the other refiners in the previous litigation, Valero believes that it has several strong defenses to Unocal’s lawsuit, including those arising from Unocal’s misconduct, and Valero believes it will prevail in the lawsuit. However, due to the inherent uncertainty of litigation, it is reasonably possible that Valero will not prevail in the lawsuit, and an adverse result could have a material effect on Valero’s results of operations and financial position. An estimate of the possible loss or range of loss from such an adverse result cannot reasonably be made.

 

18

 



VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

MTBE Litigation

As of April 30, 2005, Valero was named as a defendant in 63 cases alleging liability related to MTBE contamination in groundwater. The plaintiffs are generally water providers, governmental authorities and private water companies alleging that refiners and marketers of MTBE and gasoline containing MTBE are liable for manufacturing or distributing a defective product. Valero is named in these suits together with many other refining industry companies. Valero is being sued primarily as a refiner and marketer of MTBE and gasoline containing MTBE. Valero does not own or operate gasoline station facilities in most of the geographic locations in which damage is alleged to have occurred. The suits generally seek individual, unquantified compensatory and punitive damages and attorneys’ fees. All but one of these cases have been removed to federal court by the defendants and have been consolidated for pre-trial proceedings in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. Four of these cases have been selected by the court as focus cases for discovery and pre-trial motions. Activity in the “non-focus” cases is generally stayed pending certain determinations in the focus cases. Valero believes that it has strong defenses to these claims and is vigorously defending the cases. Valero believes that an adverse result in any one of these suits would not have a material effect on its results of operations or financial position. However, Valero believes that an adverse result in all or a substantial number of these cases could have a material effect on Valero’s results of operations and financial position. An estimate of the possible losses or range of losses from an adverse result in all or substantially all of these cases cannot reasonably be made.

 

Other Litigation

Valero is also a party to additional claims and legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. Valero believes it is unlikely that the final outcome of any of the claims or proceedings to which it is a party would have a material adverse effect on its financial position, results of operations or liquidity; however, due to the inherent uncertainty of litigation, the range of possible loss, if any, cannot be estimated with a reasonable degree of precision and there can be no assurance that the resolution of any particular claim or proceeding would not have an adverse effect on Valero’s results of operations, financial position or liquidity.

15.   SUBSEQUENT EVENT

On April 25, 2005, Valero announced a proposed merger of Premcor Inc. (Premcor, NYSE symbol “PCO”) into Valero. The boards of directors of Valero and Premcor have approved the terms of the proposed transaction. The completion of the merger is subject to approval by Premcor’s shareholders as well as regulatory approvals. The transaction is expected to close by December 31, 2005.

Under the terms of the merger agreement, each outstanding share of Premcor common stock will, upon completion of the merger, be converted into the right to receive cash or Valero common stock at the shareholder’s election, subject to proration per the terms of the merger agreement, so that 50% of the total Premcor shares (based on the number of Premcor shares outstanding at completion of the merger on a diluted basis under the treasury stock method) are acquired for cash, with the balance to be acquired for Valero common stock. Valero expects to pay the cash portion of the merger consideration from available cash and additional borrowings. In addition, Valero will assume Premcor’s existing long-term debt, which totaled approximately $1.8 billion as of March 31, 2005.

Premcor is an independent petroleum refiner and supplier of unbranded transportation fuels, heating oil, petrochemical feedstocks, petroleum coke and other petroleum products with all of its operations in the

 

19

 



VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

 

United States. Premcor owns and operates refineries in Port Arthur, Texas; Lima, Ohio; Memphis, Tennessee; and Delaware City, Delaware, with a combined crude oil throughput capacity of approximately 790,000 barrels per day.

 

20

 



 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Form 10-Q, including without limitation the discussion below under the heading “Results of Operations - Outlook,” contains certain estimates, predictions, projections, assumptions and other “forward-looking statements” (as defined in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) that involve various risks and uncertainties. While these forward-looking statements, and any assumptions upon which they are based, are made in good faith and reflect Valero’s current judgment regarding the direction of its business, actual results will almost always vary, sometimes materially, from any estimates, predictions, projections, assumptions or other future performance suggested in this report. These forward-looking statements can generally be identified by the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “expect,” “plan,” “intend,” “estimate,” “project,” “budget,” “forecast,” “will,” “could,” “should,” “may” and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements regarding:

future refining margins, including gasoline and distillate margins;

future retail margins, including gasoline, diesel, home heating oil and convenience store merchandise margins;

expectations regarding feedstock costs, including crude oil discounts, and operating expenses;

anticipated levels of crude oil and refined product inventories;

Valero’s anticipated level of capital investments, including deferred refinery turnaround and catalyst costs and capital expenditures for environmental and other purposes, and the effect of those capital investments on Valero’s results of operations;

anticipated trends in the supply of and demand for crude oil and other feedstocks and refined products in the United States, Canada and elsewhere;

expectations regarding environmental and other regulatory initiatives; and

the effect of general economic and other conditions on refining and retail industry fundamentals.

 

Valero’s forward-looking statements are based on its beliefs and assumptions derived from information available at the time the statements are made. Differences between actual results and any future performance suggested in these forward-looking statements could result from a variety of factors, including the following:

acts of terrorism aimed at either Valero’s facilities or other facilities that could impair Valero’s ability to produce and/or transport refined products or receive feedstocks;

political conditions in nations that consume refined products, including the United States, and in crude oil producing regions, including the Middle East and South America;

the domestic and foreign supplies of refined products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, home heating oil and petrochemicals;

the domestic and foreign supplies of crude oil and other feedstocks;

the ability of the members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) to agree on and to maintain crude oil price and production controls;

the level of consumer demand, including seasonal fluctuations;

refinery overcapacity or undercapacity;

the actions taken by competitors, including both pricing and the expansion and retirement of refining capacity in response to market conditions;

environmental and other regulations at both the state and federal levels and in foreign countries;

the level of foreign imports of refined products;

 

 

21

 



 

 

accidents or other unscheduled shutdowns affecting Valero’s refineries, machinery, pipelines or equipment, or those of Valero’s suppliers or customers;

changes in the cost or availability of transportation for feedstocks and refined products;

the price, availability and acceptance of alternative fuels and alternative-fuel vehicles;

cancellation of or failure to implement planned capital projects and realize the various assumptions and benefits projected for such projects or cost overruns in constructing such planned capital projects;

earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes and irregular weather, which can unforeseeably affect the price or availability of natural gas, crude oil and other feedstocks and refined products;

rulings, judgments or settlements in litigation or other legal or regulatory matters, including unexpected environmental remediation costs in excess of any reserves or insurance coverage;

the introduction or enactment of federal or state legislation which may adversely affect Valero’s business or operations;

changes in the credit ratings assigned to Valero’s debt securities and trade credit;

changes in currency exchange rates, including the value of the Canadian dollar relative to the U.S. dollar; and

overall economic conditions.

 

Any one of these factors, or a combination of these factors, could materially affect Valero’s future results of operations and whether any forward-looking statements ultimately prove to be accurate. Valero’s forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance, and actual results and future performance may differ materially from those suggested in any forward-looking statements. Valero does not intend to update these statements unless it is required by the securities laws to do so.

All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to Valero or persons acting on its behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the foregoing. Valero undertakes no obligation to publicly release the results of any revisions to any such forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this report or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

22

 



 

 

Overview
As of March 31, 2005, Valero, an independent refining and marketing company, owned and operated 15 refineries in the United States, Canada and Aruba with a combined throughput capacity, including crude oil and other feedstocks, of approximately 2.5 million barrels per day.

Valero markets refined products through an extensive bulk and rack marketing network and a network of more than 4,700 retail and wholesale branded outlets in the United States, Canada and Aruba under various brand names including primarily Valero®, Diamond Shamrock®, Shamrock®, Ultramar® and Beacon®. Valero’s operations are affected by:

company-specific factors, primarily refinery utilization rates and refinery maintenance turnarounds;

seasonal factors, such as the demand for refined products; and

industry factors, such as movements in and the level of crude oil prices including the effect of quality differential between grades of crude oil, the demand for and prices of refined products, industry supply capacity and competitor refinery maintenance turnarounds.

Valero’s profitability is substantially determined by the spread between the price of refined products and the price of crude oil, referred to as the “refined product margin.” Since approximately 70% of Valero’s total crude oil throughput represents sour crude oil feedstocks, Valero’s profitability is also significantly affected by the spread between sweet crude oil and sour crude oil prices, referred to as the “sour crude oil discount.” During the first quarter of 2005, the positive industry fundamentals experienced throughout 2004 continued. Sour crude oil discounts and distillate margins in the first quarter of 2005 significantly exceeded the sour crude oil discounts and distillate margins realized in the full year of 2004, which were then the best ever experienced by Valero.

The positive industry fundamentals combined with increased throughput volumes, particularly sour crude oil (primarily attributable to the full-quarter contribution from the Aruba Refinery’s operations), resulted in net income for the first quarter of 2005 that was more than double Valero’s net income for the first quarter of 2004. Valero reported net income of $534 million, or $1.92 per share, for the first quarter of 2005, compared to net income of $248 million, or $0.91 per share, for the first quarter of 2004. Valero increased the dividend on its common stock by 25% from $0.08 per share to $0.10 per share in the second quarter of 2005.

All share and per share data (except par value) for all prior periods presented in this Form 10-Q reflect the effect of the two-for-one common stock split which was distributed in the form of a stock dividend on October 7, 2004.

 

23

 



RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

First Quarter 2005 Compared to First Quarter 2004

 

Financial Highlights

(millions of dollars, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 


 

 

 

2005

 

2004 (a)

 

Change

 

 

 


 


 


 

Operating revenues (b)

 

$

14,953

 

$

11,082

 

$

3,871

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales (b)

 

 

13,072

 

 

9,759

 

 

3,313

 

Refining operating expenses

 

 

591

 

 

497

 

 

94

 

Retail selling expenses

 

 

175

 

 

165

 

 

10

 

General and administrative expenses

 

 

83

 

 

83

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Refining

 

 

154

 

 

117

 

 

37

 

Retail

 

 

18

 

 

15

 

 

3

 

Corporate

 

 

14

 

 

9

 

 

5

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

Total costs and expenses

 

 

14,107

 

 

10,645

 

 

3,462

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

 

846

 

 

437

 

 

409

 

Equity in earnings of Valero L.P.

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

(1

)

Other expense, net

 

 

(2

)

 

 

 

(2

)

Interest and debt expense:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Incurred

 

 

(74

)

 

(71

)

 

(3

)

Capitalized

 

 

11

 

 

9

 

 

2

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

Income before income tax expense

 

 

790

 

 

385

 

 

405

 

Income tax expense

 

 

256

 

 

137

 

 

119

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

534

 

 

248

 

 

286

 

Preferred stock dividends

 

 

4

 

 

3

 

 

1

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income applicable to common stock

 

$

530

 

$

245

 

$

285

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share –
assuming dilution

 

$


1.92

 

$


0.91

 

$


1.01

 

________________

See the footnote references on page 27.

24



 

 

Operating Highlights

(millions of dollars, except per barrel and per gallon amounts)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 


 

 

 

2005

 

2004 (a)

 

Change

 

 

 


 


 


 

Refining:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

$

933

 

$

495

 

$

438

 

Throughput margin per barrel (c)

 

$

8.40

 

$

6.28

 

$

2.12

 

Operating costs per barrel:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Refining operating expenses

 

$

2.96

 

$

2.81

 

$

0.15

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

0.77

 

 

0.67

 

 

0.10

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

Total operating costs per barrel

 

$

3.73

 

$

3.48

 

$

0.25

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Throughput volumes (thousand barrels per day) (d):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Feedstocks:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heavy sour crude

 

 

520

 

 

343

 

 

177

 

Medium/light sour crude

 

 

596

 

 

517

 

 

79

 

Acidic sweet crude

 

 

106

 

 

100

 

 

6

 

Sweet crude

 

 

545

 

 

552

 

 

(7

)

Residuals

 

 

116

 

 

93

 

 

23

 

Other feedstocks

 

 

121

 

 

138

 

 

(17

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

Total feedstocks

 

 

2,004

 

 

1,743

 

 

261

 

Blendstocks and other

 

 

216

 

 

196

 

 

20

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

Total throughput volumes

 

 

2,220

 

 

1,939

 

 

281

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yields (thousand barrels per day):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gasolines and blendstocks

 

 

1,009

 

 

997

 

 

12

 

Distillates

 

 

685

 

 

570

 

 

115

 

Petrochemicals

 

 

72

 

 

73

 

 

(1

)

Other products (e)

 

 

464

 

 

309

 

 

155

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

Total yields

 

 

2,230

 

 

1,949

 

 

281

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Retail – U.S.:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

 

$

(15

)

$

3

 

$

(18

)

Company-operated fuel sites (average)

 

 

1,036

 

 

1,137

 

 

(101

)

Fuel volumes (gallons per day per site)

 

 

4,647

 

 

4,513

 

 

134

 

Fuel margin per gallon

 

$

0.068

 

$

0.095

 

$

(0.027

)

Merchandise sales

 

$

214

 

$

217

 

$

(3

)

Merchandise margin (percentage of sales)

 

 

29.2

%

 

28.8

%

 

0.4

%

Margin on miscellaneous sales

 

$

28

 

$

23

 

$

5

 

Retail selling expenses

 

$

122

 

$

118

 

$

4

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

$

13

 

$

9

 

$

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Retail – Northeast:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

$

25

 

$

31

 

$

(6

)

Fuel volumes (thousand gallons per day)

 

 

3,350

 

 

3,392

 

 

(42

)

Fuel margin per gallon

 

$

0.227

 

$

0.233

 

$

(0.006

)

Merchandise sales

 

$

33

 

$

31

 

$

2

 

Merchandise margin (percentage of sales)

 

 

25.6

%

 

23.5

%

 

2.1

%

Margin on miscellaneous sales

 

$

8

 

$

5

 

$

3

 

Retail selling expenses

 

$

53

 

$

47

 

$

6

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

$

5

 

$

6

 

$

(1

)

________________

See the footnote references on page 27.

25



 

 

Refining Operating Highlights by Region (f)

(millions of dollars, except per barrel amounts)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 


 

 

 

2005

 

2004 (a)

 

Change

 

 

 


 


 


 

Gulf Coast:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

$

622

 

$

273

 

$

349

 

Throughput volumes (thousand barrels per day) (d)

 

 

1,253

 

 

1,007

 

 

246

 

Throughput margin per barrel (c)

 

$

8.98

 

$

6.56

 

$

2.42

 

Operating costs per barrel:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Refining operating expenses

 

$

2.81

 

$

2.91

 

$

(0.10

)

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

0.66

 

 

0.67

 

 

(0.01

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

Total operating costs per barrel

 

$

3.47

 

$

3.58

 

$

(0.11

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mid-Continent:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

$

34

 

$

48

 

$

(14

)

Throughput volumes (thousand barrels per day)

 

 

291

 

 

289

 

 

2

 

Throughput margin per barrel (c)

 

$

5.13

 

$

4.99

 

$

0.14

 

Operating costs per barrel:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Refining operating expenses

 

$

3.15

 

$

2.63

 

$

0.52

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

0.69

 

 

0.55

 

 

0.14

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

Total operating costs per barrel

 

$

3.84

 

$

3.18

 

$

0.66

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Northeast:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

$

71

 

$

122

 

$

(51

)

Throughput volumes (thousand barrels per day)

 

 

377

 

 

387

 

 

(10

)

Throughput margin per barrel (c)

 

$

5.59

 

$

5.78

 

$

(0.19

)

Operating costs per barrel:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Refining operating expenses

 

$

2.68

 

$

1.78

 

$

0.90

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

0.80

 

 

0.53

 

 

0.27

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

Total operating costs per barrel

 

$

3.48

 

$

2.31

 

$

1.17

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West Coast:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

$

206

 

$

52

 

$

154

 

Throughput volumes (thousand barrels per day)

 

 

299

 

 

256

 

 

43

 

Throughput margin per barrel (c)

 

$

12.67

 

$

7.41

 

$

5.26

 

Operating costs per barrel:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Refining operating expenses

 

$

3.73

 

$

4.18

 

$

(0.45

)

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

1.27

 

 

0.98

 

 

0.29

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

Total operating costs per barrel

 

$

5.00

 

$

5.16

 

$

(0.16

)

 

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

________________

See the footnote references on page 27.

26



 

 

Average Market Reference Prices and Differentials (g)

(dollars per barrel)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 


 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

Change

 

 

 


 


 


 

Feedstocks:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil

 

$

49.70

 

$

35.24

 

$

14.46

 

WTI less sour crude oil at U.S. Gulf Coast (h)

 

 

8.06

 

 

3.73

 

 

4.33

 

WTI less Alaska North Slope (ANS) crude oil

 

 

4.85

 

 

1.09

 

 

3.76

 

WTI less Maya crude oil

 

 

17.08

 

 

9.38

 

 

7.70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Products:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Gulf Coast:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conventional 87 gasoline less WTI

 

 

5.86

 

 

8.22

 

 

(2.36

)

No. 2 fuel oil less WTI

 

 

7.36

 

 

2.65

 

 

4.71

 

Propylene less WTI

 

 

22.17

 

 

9.15

 

 

13.02

 

U.S. Mid-Continent:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conventional 87 gasoline less WTI

 

 

7.25

 

 

8.33

 

 

(1.08

)

Low-sulfur diesel less WTI

 

 

9.24

 

 

4.09

 

 

5.15

 

U.S. Northeast:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conventional 87 gasoline less WTI

 

 

4.93

 

 

8.69

 

 

(3.76

)

No. 2 fuel oil less WTI

 

 

9.34

 

 

4.02

 

 

5.32

 

Lube oils less WTI

 

 

26.15

 

 

24.31

 

 

1.84

 

U.S. West Coast:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CARBOB 87 gasoline less ANS

 

 

19.12

 

 

16.55

 

 

2.57

 

Low-sulfur diesel less ANS

 

 

18.03

 

 

9.92

 

 

8.11

 

 


The following notes relate to references on pages 24 through 27.

(a)

Includes the operations related to the Aruba Acquisition commencing on March 5, 2004.

(b)

Operating revenues and cost of sales both include approximately $1.2 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2005, and approximately $0.9 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2004, related to certain crude oil buy/sell arrangements, which involve linked purchases and sales related to crude oil contracts entered into to address location, quality or grade requirements.

(c)

Throughput margin per barrel represents operating revenues less cost of sales divided by throughput volumes.

(d)

Total throughput volumes and throughput volumes for the Gulf Coast region for the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004, are based on 90 days and 91 days, respectively, which results in 225,000 barrels per day and 64,000 barrels per day being included for the Aruba Refinery for the first quarter of 2005 and 2004, respectively. Throughput volumes for the Aruba Refinery for the 27 days of its operations during the first quarter of 2004 averaged 216,000 barrels per day.

(e)

Other products primarily include gas oils, No. 6 fuel oil, petroleum coke and asphalt.

(f)

The Gulf Coast refining region includes the Corpus Christi East, Corpus Christi West, Texas City, Houston, Three Rivers, Krotz Springs, St. Charles and Aruba Refineries; the Mid-Continent refining region includes the McKee, Ardmore and Denver Refineries; the Northeast refining region includes the Quebec and Paulsboro Refineries; and the West Coast refining region includes the Benicia and Wilmington Refineries.

(g)

The average market reference prices and differentials, with the exception of the propylene and lube oil differentials, are based on posted prices from Platt’s Oilgram. The propylene differential is based on posted propylene prices in Chemical Market Associates, Inc. and the lube oil differential is based on Exxon Mobil Corporation postings provided by Independent Commodity Information Services-London Oil Reports. The average market reference prices and differentials are presented to provide users of the consolidated financial statements with economic indicators that significantly affect Valero’s operations and profitability.

(h)

The market reference differential for sour crude oil is based on 50% Arab Medium and 50% Arab Light posted prices.

 

 

27

 



 

 

General

Operating revenues increased 35% for the first quarter of 2005 compared to the first quarter of 2004 primarily as a result of significantly higher refined product prices combined with additional throughput volumes from refinery operations. Operating income increased $409 million, or 94%, from the first quarter of 2004 to the first quarter of 2005 due primarily to a $438 million increase in the refining segment, partially offset by a $24 million decrease in the retail segment.

Refining

Operating income for Valero’s refining segment increased from $495 million for the first quarter of 2004 to $933 million for the first quarter of 2005, resulting from an increase in refining throughput margin of $2.12 per barrel, or 34%, and a 14% increase in throughput volumes.

Refining total throughput margin for 2005 increased due to the following factors:

Discounts on Valero’s sour crude oil feedstocks during the first quarter of 2005 improved significantly compared to the first quarter of 2004 due to ample supplies of sour crude oils and heavy sour residual fuel oils on the world market. In addition, discounts on sour crude oil feedstocks benefited from increased demand for sweet crude oil resulting from several factors, including (i) the global movement to cleaner fuels, which has required refineries to lower the sulfur content of the gasoline they produce, and (ii) a global increase in refined product demand, particularly in Asia, which has resulted in higher utilization rates by refineries that require sweet crude oil as feedstock.

Distillate margins increased significantly in all of Valero’s refining regions in the first quarter of 2005 compared to the first quarter of 2004 due to increased foreign and U.S. demand, which resulted from improved economies and higher demand for on-road diesel.

Petrochemical feedstock margins improved in the first quarter of 2005 compared to the first quarter of 2004 due to increased demand for such feedstocks resulting from a stronger worldwide economy.

Throughput volumes increased 281,000 barrels per day in the first quarter of 2005 compared to the first quarter of 2004 primarily due to incremental throughput of 161,000 barrels per day at the Aruba Refinery, which was acquired in March 2004, and lower volumes in the first quarter of 2004 due to turnarounds at the St. Charles and Wilmington Refineries.

 

Partially offsetting the above increases in throughput margin were lower overall gasoline margins compared to the exceptionally strong gasoline margins that existed in the first quarter of 2004 and lower margins on other refined products such as petroleum coke, sulfur, No. 6 oil and asphalt due to a significant increase in the price of crude oil from the first quarter of 2004 to the first quarter of 2005. In addition, Valero’s throughput margin in the first quarter of 2005 was negatively impacted by pre-tax losses of approximately $75 million on hedges primarily related to forward sales of distillates and associated forward purchases of crude oil, the majority of which were entered into during 2004.

Refining operating expenses were 19% higher for the quarter ended March 31, 2005 compared to the quarter ended March 31, 2004, due primarily to a full quarter of operations of the Aruba Refinery and increases in energy costs, employee compensation expense, including variable compensation, and insurance expense. Although total refining operating expenses increased 19%, this increase was 5% on a per-barrel basis due to the increase in throughput volumes between the periods. Refining depreciation and amortization expense increased 32% from the first quarter of 2004 to the first quarter of 2005 due to additional depreciation expense resulting from the full-quarter effect of the Aruba Acquisition, implementation of new capital projects and increased turnaround and catalyst amortization.

 

28

 



 

 

Retail

Retail operating income was $10 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2005 compared to $34 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2004. The decrease was primarily attributable to lower U.S. retail fuel margins caused by rising crude oil prices, which could not be fully passed through to the consumer.

Corporate Expenses and Other

General and administrative expenses, including corporate depreciation and amortization expense, increased $5 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2005 compared to the quarter ended March 31, 2004, primarily due to increases in employee compensation and benefits of approximately $17 million between the quarters, mainly related to the recognition of increased variable compensation expense. This increase in employee compensation and benefits was partially offset by the successful resolution of a California excise tax dispute and reduced systems-related costs.

Income tax expense increased $119 million from the first quarter of 2004 to the first quarter of 2005 mainly as a result of higher operating income. Valero’s effective tax rate for the quarter ended March 31, 2005 decreased from the quarter ended March 31, 2004 due mainly to the Aruba Acquisition, the refining operations of which are non-taxable in Aruba through December 31, 2010.

OUTLOOK

Since the end of the first quarter of 2005, refining industry fundamentals have remained positive, resulting in a continuation of favorable refined product margins and sour crude oil discounts. Distillate margins, in particular, remain strong due to increa