Blueprint
 
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
Form 6-K
 
 
Report of Foreign Issuer
 
Pursuant to Rule 13a-16 or 15d-16 of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
for the period ended 01 May2018
 
 
BP p.l.c.
(Translation of registrant's name into English)
 
 
 
1 ST JAMES'S SQUARE, LONDON, SW1Y 4PD, ENGLAND
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual
reports under cover Form 20-F or Form 40-F.
 
 
Form 20-F |X| Form 40-F
--------------- ----------------
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant by furnishing the information
contained in this Form is also thereby furnishing the information to the
Commission pursuant to Rule 12g3-2(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of
1934.
 
 
 
Yes No |X|
--------------- --------------
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exhibit 1.1
1Q18 Part 1 of 1 dated 01 May 2018
 
 
Exhibit 1.1
 
Top of page 1
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
London 1 May 2018
 
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
For a printer friendly copy of this announcement, please click on the link below to open a PDF version:
http://www.rns-pdf.londonstockexchange.com/rns/6573M_-2018-4-30.pdf
 
 
 
 
 
Highlights       Momentum continues into 2018 as BP delivers strong 1Q profit
●        Underlying replacement cost profit* for the first quarter of 2018 was $2.6 billion, compared with $1.5 billion for the same period in 2017, a rise of 71%.
●        Operating cash flow excluding Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments* in the quarter was $5.4 billion including a $1.8 billion negative impact from an increase in working capital ($1.7 billion after adjusting for inventory holding gains) driven by higher oil prices and seasonal inventory builds.
●        Upstream reported the strongest quarter since third quarter 2014 on both a replacement cost and underlying basis.
●        Reported oil and gas production was 3.7 million barrels of oil equivalent a day in the quarter, 6% higher than the first quarter of 2017. Upstream production, excluding Rosneft, was 9% higher, supported by continued ramp up of major projects*. Upstream plant reliability* was 96% for the quarter.
●        First Upstream major project of 2018, Atoll in Egypt, started production; to date in 2018, final investment decisions have been taken on four new projects - in Oman, India and two in the UK North Sea.
●        Continued Downstream earnings growth with strong refining availability in the US.
●        Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments in the quarter were $1.6 billion on a pre-tax basis, including $1.2 billion for the final payment relating to the 2012 Department of Justice settlement.
●        BP continued its share buyback programme in the quarter, buying 18 million shares for a cost of $120 million.
●        Dividend unchanged at 10 cents per share.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First quarter
 
 
 See chart on PDF
 
 
Bob Dudley - Group chief executive:
"We have delivered another strong set of results. Our safe and reliable operations and strong financial delivery have continued into 2018. Underlying profit was up 23% on the previous quarter and was our best quarterly result in three years. With rising output from our new major projects and excellent reliability, Upstream production was 9% higher than a year earlier.
"Moving through 2018 we're determined to keep delivering our operational targets and maintaining capital discipline while growing cash flow and returns.
"Over the longer term, our new lower carbon ambitions, including clear targets for our own emissions, will help ensure that all of BP is also focused on advancing the energy transition."
 
 
Financial Summary
 
First
Fourth
First
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Profit for the period(a)
 
2,469
27
1,449
Inventory holding (gains) losses*, net of tax
 
(80)
(610)
(37)
RC profit (loss)*
 
2,389
(583)
1,412
Net (favourable) adverse impact of non-operating
 
 
 
 
  items* and fair value accounting effects*, net of tax
 
197
2,690
98
Underlying RC profit
 
2,586
2,107
1,510
RC profit (loss) per ordinary share (cents)*
 
11.99
(2.94)
7.23
RC profit (loss) per ADS (dollars)
 
0.72
(0.18)
0.43
Underlying RC profit per ordinary share (cents)*
 
12.98
10.64
7.74
Underlying RC profit per ADS (dollars)
 
0.78
0.64
0.46
 
 
(a)
Profit attributable to BP shareholders.
 
 
* See definitions in the Glossary on page 30. RC profit (loss), underlying RC profit, operating cash flow excluding Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments and organic capital expenditure are non-GAAP measures.
 
 
The commentary above and following should be read in conjunction with the cautionary statement on page 34.
Top of page 2
 
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Group headlines
 
Results
For the first quarter, underlying replacement cost (RC) profit was $2,586 million, compared with $1,510 million in 2017, mainly due to higher profits in Upstream, partially offset by a higher tax charge. Underlying RC profit is after adjusting RC profit for a net charge for non-operating items of $247 million and net favourable fair value accounting effects of $50 million (both on a post-tax basis).
 
RC profit was $2,389 million for the first quarter, compared with $1,412 million a year ago.
 
BP's profit for the first quarter was $2,469 million, compared with $1,449 million for the same period in 2017.
 
See further information on pages 3, 26 and 27.
 
Non-operating items
Non-operating items amounted to a charge of $456 million pre-tax and $247 million post-tax for the quarter. See further information on page 26.
 
Effective tax rate
The effective tax rate (ETR) on RC profit or loss* for the first quarter was 36%, compared with 29% for the same period in 2017. Adjusting for non-operating items and fair value accounting effects, the underlying ETR* for the first quarter was 37%, compared with 33% for the same period a year ago. The underlying ETR for the first quarter was higher than a year ago mainly due to the absence of favourable foreign exchange impacts. In the current environment the underlying ETR in 2018 is expected to be above 40%. ETR on RC profit or loss and underlying ETR are non-GAAP measures.
 
Dividend
BP today announced a quarterly dividend of 10.00 cents per ordinary share ($0.600 per ADS), which is expected to be paid on 22 June 2018. The corresponding amount in sterling will be announced on 11 June 2018. See page 23 for further information.
 
Share buybacks
BP repurchased 18 million ordinary shares at a cost of $120 million, including fees and stamp duty, during the first quarter of 2018.
 
 
 
Operating cash flow*
Excluding post-tax amounts related to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, operating cash flow* for the first quarter was $5.4 billion, compared with $4.4 billion for the same period in 2017. Including amounts relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, operating cash flow for the first quarter was $3.6 billion, compared with $2.1 billion for the same period in 2017.
 
Capital expenditure*
Organic capital expenditure* for the first quarter was $3.5 billion, compared with $3.5 billion for the same period in 2017. We expect organic capital expenditure to be in the range of $15-16 billion for 2018.
 
Inorganic capital expenditure* for the first quarter was $0.4 billion, compared with $0.5 billion for the same period in 2017.
 
See page 25 for further information.
 
Divestment and other proceeds
Divestment proceeds* were $0.2 billion for the first quarter, compared with $0.3 billion for the same period in 2017. We expect divestment and other proceeds to be in the range of $2-3 billion for 2018.
 
Gearing*
Net debt* at 31 March 2018 was $40.0 billion, compared with $38.6 billion a year ago. Gearing at 31 March 2018 was 28.1%, compared with 27.4% at the end of 2017 and 28.0% a year ago. Gearing was higher, following increases in working capital and higher Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments in the quarter. We continue to target gearing in the range of 20-30%. Net debt and gearing are non-GAAP measures. See page 23 for more information.
 
 
 
 
 
The commentary above contains forward-looking statements and should be read in conjunction with the cautionary statement on page 34.
 
 
Top of page 3
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Analysis of underlying RC profit before interest and tax
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Underlying RC profit before interest and tax*
 
 
 
 
    Upstream
 
3,157
2,223
1,370
    Downstream
 
1,826
1,474
1,742
    Rosneft
 
247
321
99
    Other businesses and corporate
 
(392)
(394)
(440)
    Consolidation adjustment - UPII*
 
(160)
(149)
(68)
Underlying RC profit before interest and tax
 
4,678
3,475
2,703
Finance costs and net finance expense relating to
 
 
 
 
  pensions and other post-retirement benefits
 
(464)
(550)
(387)
Taxation on an underlying RC basis
 
(1,566)
(782)
(763)
Non-controlling interests
 
(62)
(36)
(43)
Underlying RC profit attributable to BP shareholders
 
2,586
2,107
1,510
 
Reconciliations of underlying RC profit or loss to the nearest equivalent IFRS measure are provided on page 1 for the group and on pages 6-11 for the segments.
 
Analysis of RC profit (loss) before interest and tax and reconciliation to
profit (loss) for the period
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
RC profit (loss) before interest and tax*
 
 
 
 
  Upstream
 
3,174
1,928
1,256
  Downstream
 
1,713
1,773
1,706
  Rosneft
 
247
321
99
  Other businesses and corporate(a)
 
(571)
(2,833)
(431)
  Consolidation adjustment - UPII
 
(160)
(149)
(68)
RC profit (loss) before interest and tax
 
4,403
1,040
2,562
Finance costs and net finance expense relating to
 
 
 
 
  pensions and other post-retirement benefits
 
(584)
(674)
(513)
Taxation on a RC basis
 
(1,368)
(913)
(594)
Non-controlling interests
 
(62)
(36)
(43)
RC profit (loss) attributable to BP shareholders
 
2,389
(583)
1,412
Inventory holding gains (losses)
 
92
816
66
Taxation (charge) credit on inventory holding gains and losses
 
(12)
(206)
(29)
Profit for the period attributable to BP shareholders
 
2,469
27
1,449
 
 
(a)
 
Includes costs related to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. See page 11 and also Note 2 from page 18 for further information on the accounting for the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
 
 
 
Top of page 4
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
 
Strategic progress
Upstream
Upstream production, excluding Rosneft, for the quarter was 2,605mboe/d, a rise of 9.1% on a year earlier, driven by the continued ramp up of production from major projects*. Upstream plant reliability* was 96%, the best quarterly performance on record. Upstream unit production costs* were higher due to increased wellwork* activity in the quarter, but are expected to show continued year-on-year improvement driven by strong operational performance.
 
The Atoll Phase One project, offshore Egypt, began gas production in the quarter, ahead of schedule and under budget. The project is the first of six Upstream major projects* expected to begin production during 2018.
 
Since the start of the year, BP has taken final investment decisions on four new projects: Ghazeer, the second phase of the Khazzan development in Oman; KG D6 Satellites, the second project in the integrated KG D6 development offshore India; and the Alligin and Vorlich fields in the UK North Sea.
 
BP has accessed new acreage in both the US and Mexican regions of the Gulf of Mexico, in the Campos basin offshore Brazil, in Sao Tome & Principe, in Newfoundland, Canada, in Madagascar and in Azerbaijan.
 
Downstream
Strong performance in fuels marketing; premium fuels volumes were 5% higher than last year and we continued the rollout of BP's convenience partnership model across our network. The rapid development of BP's retail presence in Mexico continued with the 200th retail site now open following market entry a year ago.
 
 
In manufacturing, BP's US refineries processed higher levels of advantaged crude than a year ago and BP's PTA plant in Zhuhai, China set a new production record.
 
Advancing the energy transition
BP published a new report detailing BP's lower carbon activities and commitments and setting out targets including maintaining BP's net operational greenhouse gas emissions at or below 2015 levels out to 2025.
 
Financial framework
Operating cash flow excluding Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments*, was $5.4 billion, including a working capital build driven by the higher oil price and seasonal inventory builds across businesses.
 
Organic capital expenditure* was $3.5 billion in the first quarter and is expected to total $15-16 billion in 2018.
 
Divestments and other proceeds totalled $0.2 billion in the quarter. Total proceeds of $2-3 billion are expected in 2018.
 
Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments of $1.6 billion were made in the quarter, including the final charge under the 2012 Department of Justice criminal settlement. Payments are expected to be just over $3 billion in 2018, weighted to the first half of the year.
 
Gearing* at the end of the quarter was 28.1%, within BP's target band of 20-30%. With anticipated weighting of both Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments and divestment proceeds through the year, gearing is expected to trend down through the rest of the year.
 
 
Operating metrics
 
1Q 2018
(vs. 1Q 2017)
 
Financial metrics
 
1Q 2018
(vs. 1Q 2017)
Tier 1 process safety events*
 
5
(-1)
 
Underlying RC profit
 
$2.6bn
(+$1.1bn)
Reported recordable injury frequency*
 
 
0.21
(-8%)
 
Operating cash flow excluding Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments (post-tax)
 
$5.4bn
(+$1.0bn)
Group production
 
 
3,732mboe/d
(+5.7%)
 
Organic capital expenditure
 
$3.5bn
(-)
Upstream production (excludes Rosneft segment)
 
2,605mboe/d
(+9.1%)
 
Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments (pre-tax)(b)
 
$1.6bn
(-$0.7bn)
Upstream unit production costs
 
$7.69/boe
(+6.5%)
 
Divestment proceeds
 
$0.2bn
(-$0.1bn)
BP-operated Upstream plant reliability(a)
 
95.9%
(+1.0)
 
Net debt ratio* (gearing)
 
28.1%
(+0.1)
Refining availability*
 
94.8%
(-0.4)
 
Dividend per ordinary share(c)
 
10.00 cents
(-)
 
 
(a)
 
BP-operated Upstream operating efficiency* has been replaced with Upstream plant reliability as a group operating metric. It is more comparable with the equivalent metric disclosed for the Downstream, which is 'Refining availability'.
 
(b)
 
Amounts shown are pre-tax, 2017 amounts disclosed were post-tax. Pre-tax amounts give a better indication of the cash outflows arising in the period to settle outstanding liabilities. The equivalent amount on a post-tax basis was $1.7 billion, a reduction of $0.6 billion on the prior year.
 
(c)
 
Represents dividend announced in the quarter (vs. prior year quarter).
 
 
 
 
 
The commentary above contains forward-looking statements and should be read in conjunction with the cautionary statement on page 34.
 
 
 
Top of page 5
 
 
 
This page is intentionally left blank
 
 
 
 
 
Top of page 6
 
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Upstream
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Profit before interest and tax
 
3,175
1,928
1,250
Inventory holding (gains) losses*
 
(1)
-
6
RC profit before interest and tax
 
3,174
1,928
1,256
Net (favourable) adverse impact of non-operating items* and fair value
 
 
 
 
  accounting effects*
 
(17)
295
114
Underlying RC profit before interest and tax*(a)
 
3,157
2,223
1,370
 
 
(a)
 
See page 7 for a reconciliation to segment RC profit before interest and tax by region.
 
 
 
Financial results
The replacement cost profit before interest and tax for the first quarter was $3,174 million, compared with $1,256 million for the same period in 2017. The first quarter included a net non-operating charge of $104 million, compared with a net charge of $360 million for the same period in 2017. Fair value accounting effects in the first quarter had a favourable impact of $121 million, compared with a favourable impact of $246 million in the same period of 2017.
 
After adjusting for non-operating items and fair value accounting effects, the underlying replacement cost profit before interest and tax for the first quarter was $3,157 million, compared with $1,370 million for the same period in 2017. The result for the first quarter mainly reflected higher liquids and gas realizations, higher production due to the ramp-up of major projects* and higher gas marketing and trading results.
 
Production
Production for the quarter was 2,605mboe/d, 9.1% higher than the first quarter of 2017. Underlying production* for the quarter increased by 13.8%, due to the ramp-up of major projects. The first-quarter reported production reflects the sixth consecutive quarter of growth as well as the highest production since the fourth quarter of 2010.
 
Key events
On 12 February, BP announced the start of gas production from the Atoll Phase One project (BP 100%), offshore Egypt. Atoll is BP's first major project to start in 2018.
 
Also on 12 February, BP confirmed that the governments of Mauritania and Senegal signed an Inter-Government Cooperation Agreement which will enable the development of the BP-operated Tortue/Ahmeyim gas project to continue to move towards a final investment decision.
 
In February, BP took final investment decisions on the two new North Sea developments, Alligin (BP operator 50%, Shell 50%) and Vorlich satellite fields (BP operator 66%, Ithaca Energy 34%).
 
In March, BP's equity interest (14.67%) in the ADNOC Offshore concession in Abu Dhabi expired.
 
On 9 April, BP announced that, together with its partner the Oman Oil Company Exploration & Production, it has approved the development of Ghazeer (BP operator 60%, Oman Oil Company Exploration & Production 40%), the second phase of the Khazzan gas field in Oman. 
 
On 12 April, BP and state-owned Brazilian oil company Petrobras announced the signing of a memorandum of understanding to form a strategic alliance to jointly explore potential business opportunities both in Brazil and beyond.
 
On 19 April, BP together with its partner Reliance Industries Limited, announced the sanction of the Satellite Cluster project, the second phase in the development of new deepwater gas fields in Block KG D6 (Reliance Industries Limited operator 60%, BP 30%, and NIKO 10%) off the east coast of India.
 
On 26 April, BP and the State Oil Company of the Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR) signed a new production-sharing agreement* for the joint exploration and development of Block D230 in the North Absheron basin in the Azerbaijan sector of the Caspian Sea. The agreement is expected to be ratified by the Azerbaijani parliament before the summer recess.
 
Outlook
Looking ahead, we expect second-quarter reported production to be lower than the first quarter reflecting the expiration of the Abu Dhabi offshore concession and seasonal turnaround and maintenance activities.
 
 
 
 
The commentary above contains forward-looking statements and should be read in conjunction with the cautionary statement on page 34.
 
 
 
Top of page 7
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Upstream (continued)
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Underlying RC profit before interest and tax
 
 
 
 
US
 
526
629
166
Non-US
 
2,631
1,594
1,204
 
 
3,157
2,223
1,370
Non-operating items
 
 
 
 
US(a)
 
(145)
(187)
(12)
Non-US(b)
 
41
43
(348)
 
 
(104)
(144)
(360)
Fair value accounting effects
 
 
 
 
US
 
(9)
8
192
Non-US
 
130
(159)
54
 
 
121
(151)
246
RC profit before interest and tax
 
 
 
 
US
 
372
450
346
Non-US
 
2,802
1,478
910
 
 
3,174
1,928
1,256
Exploration expense
 
 
 
 
US
 
309
27
40
Non-US
 
205
494
372
 
 
514
521
412
Of which: Exploration expenditure written off
 
426
372
261
Production (net of royalties)(c)
 
 
 
 
Liquids* (mb/d)
 
 
 
 
US
 
448
430
448
Europe
 
139
117
115
Rest of World
 
731
796
827
 
 
1,319
1,344
1,389
Natural gas (mmcf/d)
 
 
 
 
US
 
1,790
1,759
1,594
Europe
 
217
186
263
Rest of World
 
5,456
5,231
3,934
 
 
7,463
7,176
5,791
Total hydrocarbons* (mboe/d)
 
 
 
 
US
 
757
734
723
Europe
 
177
150
160
Rest of World
 
1,672
1,698
1,505
 
 
2,605
2,581
2,388
Average realizations*(d)
 
 
 
 
Total liquids(e) ($/bbl)
 
61.40
56.16
49.87
Natural gas ($/mcf)
 
3.78
3.23
3.50
Total hydrocarbons ($/boe)
 
41.39
37.48
37.19
 
 
(a)
 
Fourth quarter 2017 includes an impairment charge relating to the US Lower 48 business, partially offset by gains associated with asset divestments.
 
(b)
 
Fourth quarter 2017 includes BP's share of an impairment reversal recognized by the Angola LNG equity-accounted entity, partially offset by other items. First quarter 2017 includes an impairment charge arising following the announcement of the agreement to sell the Forties Pipeline System business to INEOS.
 
(c)
 
Includes BP's share of production of equity-accounted entities in the Upstream segment.
 
(d)
 
Realizations are based on sales by consolidated subsidiaries only - this excludes equity-accounted entities.
 
(e)
 
Includes condensate, natural gas liquids and bitumen.
 
 
Because of rounding, some totals may not agree exactly with the sum of their component parts.
 
 
Top of page 8
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Downstream
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Profit before interest and tax
 
1,782
2,492
1,804
Inventory holding (gains) losses*
 
(69)
(719)
(98)
RC profit before interest and tax
 
1,713
1,773
1,706
Net (favourable) adverse impact of non-operating items* and fair value
 
 
 
 
  accounting effects*
 
113
(299)
36
Underlying RC profit before interest and tax*(a)
 
1,826
1,474
1,742
 
 
(a)
 
See page 9 for a reconciliation to segment RC profit before interest and tax by region and by business.
 
 
Financial results
The replacement cost profit before interest and tax for the first quarter was $1,713 million, compared with $1,706 million for the same period in 2017.
 
The first quarter includes a net non-operating charge of $53 million, compared with a charge of $76 million for the same period in 2017. Fair value accounting effects had an adverse impact of $60 million in the first quarter, compared with a favourable impact of $40 million for the same period in 2017.
 
After adjusting for non-operating items and fair value accounting effects, the underlying replacement cost profit before interest and tax for the first quarter was $1,826 million, compared with $1,742 million for the same period in 2017.
 
Replacement cost profit before interest and tax for the fuels, lubricants and petrochemicals businesses is set out on page 9.
 
Fuels
The fuels business reported an underlying replacement cost profit before interest and tax of $1,398 million for the first quarter, compared with $1,200 million for the same period in 2017 driven by a higher refining result, partly offset by a lower supply and trading contribution compared with the strong delivery last year. The supply and trading contribution was, however, higher than the fourth quarter.
 
The refining result for the quarter reflects the benefit from higher North American heavy crude oil discounts, partially offset by pipeline capacity apportionment impacts. The result also benefited from increased commercial optimization, a higher level of advantaged feedstock processed in the US and a lower level of turnaround activity.
 
The fuels marketing result for the quarter reflects continued strong performance supported by premium fuel volume growth and the continued rollout of our convenience partnership model across our network.
 
In April, we signed a memorandum of understanding with state-owned Brazilian oil company Petrobras to explore potential joint commercial agreements in Brazil. 
 
Lubricants
The lubricants business reported an underlying replacement cost profit before interest and tax of $331 million for the first quarter, compared with $393 million for the same period in 2017. The result for the quarter reflects continued premium brand growth, more than offset by the adverse lag impact of increasing base oil prices.
 
During the quarter we significantly strengthened our relationship with Renault through the continuation of our Renault Formula 1 sponsorship with Renault Sport Racing, and we are exploring new opportunities to work globally with the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance. This includes collaborating in a number of areas including fuel and lubricants supply and the joint development of advanced mobility solutions and new technologies.
 
Petrochemicals
The petrochemicals business reported an underlying replacement cost profit before interest and tax of $97 million for the first quarter, compared with $149 million for the same period in 2017. The result for the quarter reflects an improved margin environment and stronger margin optimization offset by a higher level of turnaround activity. The result was also impacted by the divestment of our interest in the SECCO joint venture, which completed in the fourth quarter of last year.
 
Outlook
Looking to the second quarter, we expect seasonally higher industry refining margins but lower discounts for North American heavy crude oil. We also expect a significantly higher level of turnaround activity.
 
 
 
The commentary above contains forward-looking statements and should be read in conjunction with the cautionary statement on page 34.
 
 
 
Top of page 9
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Downstream (continued)
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Underlying RC profit before interest and tax - by region
 
 
 
 
US
 
589
501
554
Non-US
 
1,237
973
1,188
 
 
1,826
1,474
1,742
Non-operating items
 
 
 
 
US
 
(17)
(25)
(12)
Non-US(a)
 
(36)
407
(64)
 
 
(53)
382
(76)
Fair value accounting effects
 
 
 
 
US
 
(121)
3
(62)
Non-US
 
61
(86)
102
 
 
(60)
(83)
40
RC profit before interest and tax
 
 
 
 
US
 
451
479
480
Non-US
 
1,262
1,294
1,226
 
 
1,713
1,773
1,706
Underlying RC profit before interest and tax - by business(b)(c)
 
 
 
 
Fuels
 
1,398
976
1,200
Lubricants
 
331
375
393
Petrochemicals
 
97
123
149
 
 
1,826
1,474
1,742
Non-operating items and fair value accounting effects(d)
 
 
 
 
Fuels
 
(110)
(202)
4
Lubricants
 
(3)
(14)
(3)
Petrochemicals(a)
 
-
515
(37)
 
 
(113)
299
(36)
RC profit before interest and tax(b)(c)
 
 
 
 
Fuels
 
1,288
774
1,204
Lubricants
 
328
361
390
Petrochemicals
 
97
638
112
 
 
1,713
1,773
1,706
 
 
 
 
 
BP average refining marker margin (RMM)* ($/bbl)
 
11.7
14.4
11.7
Refinery throughputs (mb/d)
 
 
 
 
US
 
715
714
694
Europe
 
797
741
801
Rest of World
 
249
243
181
 
 
1,761
1,698
1,676
Refining availability* (%)
 
94.8
96.1
95.2
Marketing sales of refined products (mb/d)
 
 
 
 
US
 
1,096
1,127
1,116
Europe
 
1,045
1,132
1,069
Rest of World
 
481
542
512
 
 
2,622
2,801
2,697
Trading/supply sales of refined products
 
3,181
3,549
2,959
Total sales volumes of refined products
 
5,803
6,350
5,656
Petrochemicals production (kte)
 
 
 
 
US
 
499
641
498
Europe
 
1,128
1,559
1,253
Rest of World
 
1,391
1,306
2,073
 
 
3,018
3,506
3,824
 
 
(a)
 
Fourth quarter 2017 gain primarily reflects the disposal of our shareholding in the SECCO joint venture.
 
(b)
Segment-level overhead expenses are included in the fuels business result.
(c)
Results from petrochemicals at our Gelsenkirchen and Mülheim sites in Germany is reported in the fuels business.
(d)
For Downstream, fair value accounting effects arise solely in the fuels business.
 
 
Top of page 10
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Rosneft
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018(a)
2017
2017
Profit before interest and tax(b)
 
269
418
73
Inventory holding (gains) losses*
 
(22)
(97)
26
RC profit before interest and tax
 
247
321
99
Net charge (credit) for non-operating items*
 
-
-
-
Underlying RC profit before interest and tax*
 
247
321
99
 
Financial results
Replacement cost (RC) profit before interest and tax and underlying RC profit before interest and tax for the first quarter was $247 million, compared with $99 million for the same period in 2017. There were no non-operating items in the first quarter of either year.
 
Compared with the same period in 2017, the result primarily reflects higher oil prices and a favourable foreign exchange impact. The fourth-quarter 2017 result benefited from a $163-million gain representing the BP share of a voluntary out-of-court settlement between Sistema, Sistema-Invest and the Rosneft subsidiary, Bashneft.
 
On 25 April 2018, Rosneft announced that the board of directors had recommended that the annual general meeting (AGM) adopts a resolution to pay dividends of 6.65 roubles per ordinary share, which would bring the total dividend for 2017 to 10.48 roubles per ordinary share, which constitutes 50% of the company's IFRS net profit. In addition to the dividend received in October 2017 in relation to the results for the first half of 2017, BP expects to receive later this year a dividend of 12.5 billion roubles, after the deduction of withholding tax subject to approval at the AGM.
 
 
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
 
 
2018(a)
2017
2017
Production (net of royalties) (BP share)
 
 
 
 
Liquids* (mb/d)
 
902
899
912
Natural gas (mmcf/d)
 
1,307
1,333
1,334
Total hydrocarbons* (mboe/d)
 
1,127
1,129
1,142
 
 
(a)
 
The operational and financial information of the Rosneft segment for the first quarter is based on preliminary operational and financial results of Rosneft for the three months ended 31 March 2018. Actual results may differ from these amounts.
 
(b)
The Rosneft segment result includes equity-accounted earnings arising from BP's 19.75% shareholding in Rosneft as adjusted for the accounting required under IFRS relating to BP's purchase of its interest in Rosneft and the amortization of the deferred gain relating to the divestment of BP's interest in TNK-BP. These adjustments increase the reported profit before interest and tax, as shown in the table above, compared with the equivalent amount in Russian roubles in Rosneft's IFRS financial statements. BP's share of Rosneft's profit before interest and tax for each year-to-date period is calculated by translating the amounts reported in Russian roubles into US dollars using the average exchange rate for the year to date. BP's share of Rosneft's earnings after finance costs, taxation and non-controlling interests, as adjusted, is included in the BP group income statement within profit before interest and taxation.
 
 
Top of page 11
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Other businesses and corporate
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Profit (loss) before interest and tax
 
 
 
 
Gulf of Mexico oil spill
 
(86)
(2,221)
(35)
Other
 
(485)
(612)
(396)
Profit (loss) before interest and tax
 
(571)
(2,833)
(431)
Inventory holding (gains) losses*
 
-
-
-
RC profit (loss) before interest and tax
 
(571)
(2,833)
(431)
Net charge (credit) for non-operating items*
 
 
 
 
Gulf of Mexico oil spill
 
86
2,221
35
Other
 
93
218
(44)
Net charge (credit) for non-operating items
 
179
2,439
(9)
Underlying RC profit (loss) before interest and tax*
 
(392)
(394)
(440)
Underlying RC profit (loss) before interest and tax
 
 
 
 
US
 
(147)
(29)
(197)
Non-US
 
(245)
(365)
(243)
 
 
(392)
(394)
(440)
Non-operating items
 
 
 
 
US
 
(148)
(2,381)
(38)
Non-US
 
(31)
(58)
47
 
 
(179)
(2,439)
9
RC profit (loss) before interest and tax
 
 
 
 
US
 
(295)
(2,410)
(235)
Non-US
 
(276)
(423)
(196)
 
 
(571)
(2,833)
(431)
 
Other businesses and corporate comprises our alternative energy business, shipping, treasury, corporate activities including centralized functions, and the costs of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
 
Financial results
The replacement cost loss before interest and tax for the first quarter was $571 million, compared with $431 million for the same period in 2017.
 
The result included a net non-operating charge of $179 million, compared with a net non-operating gain of $9 million for the same period in 2017. See Note 2 on page 18 for more information on the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
 
After adjusting for non-operating items, the underlying replacement cost loss before interest and tax for the first quarter was $392 million, compared with $440 million for the same period in 2017.
 
Alternative Energy
The net ethanol-equivalent production (which includes ethanol and sugar) for the first quarter was 7.6 million litres, as the harvest period started earlier in 2018. There was no production for the first quarter in 2017 due to the inter-harvest period.
 
Net wind generation capacity*(a) was 1,432MW at 31 March 2018 compared with 1,454MW at 31 March 2017. BP's net share of wind generation for the first quarter was 1,217GWh, compared with 1,159GWh for the same period in 2017.
 
BP has re-entered solar with a new partnership with Lightsource to combine our scale, relationships and expertise in major projects with Lightsource's expertise in developing solar projects. BP acquired a 43% equity share in Lightsource for a total consideration of $200 million, payable over three years on 31 January 2018 and has two seats on the board. Lightsource has rebranded as Lightsource BP.
 
 
(a)
Capacity figures for 2017 include 23MW in the Netherlands managed by our Downstream segment.
 
 
 
Top of page 12
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Financial statements
Group income statement
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and other operating revenues (Note 4)
 
68,172
67,816
55,863
Earnings from joint ventures - after interest and tax
 
293
581
205
Earnings from associates - after interest and tax
 
414
526
151
Interest and other income
 
159
223
122
Gains on sale of businesses and fixed assets
 
105
876
45
Total revenues and other income
 
69,143
70,022
56,386
Purchases
 
51,512
51,745
40,975
Production and manufacturing expenses(a)
 
5,438
7,759
5,255
Production and similar taxes (Note 6)
 
368
511
468
Depreciation, depletion and amortization (Note 5)
 
3,931
4,045
3,842
Impairment and losses on sale of businesses and fixed assets
 
91
604
453
Exploration expense
 
514
521
412
Distribution and administration expenses
 
2,794
2,981
2,353
Profit (loss) before interest and taxation
 
4,495
1,856
2,628
Finance costs(a)
 
553
616
460
Net finance expense relating to pensions and other post-retirement benefits
 
31
58
53
Profit (loss) before taxation
 
3,911
1,182
2,115
Taxation(a)
 
1,380
1,119
623
Profit (loss) for the period
 
2,531
63
1,492
Attributable to
 
 
 
 
  BP shareholders
 
2,469
27
1,449
  Non-controlling interests
 
62
36
43
 
 
2,531
63
1,492
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share (Note 7)
 
 
 
 
Profit (loss) for the period attributable to
 
 
 
 
  BP shareholders
 
 
 
 
  Per ordinary share (cents)
 
 
 
 
    Basic
 
12.40
0.14
7.42
    Diluted
 
12.33
0.14
7.38
  Per ADS (dollars)
 
 
 
 
    Basic
 
0.74
0.01
0.45
    Diluted
 
0.74
0.01
0.44
 
 
(a)
 
See Note 2 for information on the impact of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill on these income statement line items.
 
 
Top of page 13
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Condensed group statement of comprehensive income
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
 
 
 
 
 
Profit (loss) for the period
 
2,531
63
1,492
Other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss
 
 
 
 
  Currency translation differences
 
531
264
1,214
  Exchange (gains) losses on translation of foreign operations reclassified
 
 
 
 
    to gain or loss on sale of businesses and fixed assets
 
-
(138)
1
  Available-for-sale investments
 
-
11
2
  Cash flow hedges and costs of hedging
 
(82)
50
129
  Share of items relating to equity-accounted entities, net of tax
 
155
133
231
  Income tax relating to items that may be reclassified
 
(90)
(16)
(125)
 
 
514
304
1,452
Items that will not be reclassified to profit or loss
 
 
 
 
  Remeasurements of the net pension and other post-retirement
 
 
 
 
    benefit liability or asset
 
865
1,599
727
  Cash flow hedges that will subsequently be transferred to the balance sheet
 
13
-
-
  Income tax relating to items that will not be reclassified
 
(265)
(604)
(246)
 
 
613
995
481
Other comprehensive income
 
1,127
1,299
1,933
Total comprehensive income
 
3,658
1,362
3,425
Attributable to
 
 
 
 
  BP shareholders
 
3,580
1,312
3,363
  Non-controlling interests
 
78
50
62
 
 
3,658
1,362
3,425
 
 
Top of page 14
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Group statement of changes in equity
 
 
 
BP
 
 
 
 
shareholders'
Non-controlling
Total
$ million
 
equity
interests
equity
At 31 December 2017
 
98,491
1,913
100,404
Adjustment on adoption of IFRS 9, net of tax(a)
 
(180)
-
(180)
At 1 January 2018
 
98,311
1,913
100,224
 
 
 
 
 
Total comprehensive income
 
3,580
78
3,658
Dividends
 
(1,828)
(13)
(1,841)
Cash flow hedges transferred to the balance sheet, net of tax
 
1
-
1
Repurchase of ordinary share capital
 
(120)
-
(120)
Share-based payments, net of tax
 
244
-
244
Transactions involving non-controlling interests, net of tax
 
(1)
-
(1)
At 31 March 2018
 
100,187
1,978
102,165
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
BP
 
 
 
 
shareholders'
Non-controlling
Total
$ million
 
equity
interests
equity
 
 
 
 
 
At 1 January 2017
 
95,286
1,557
96,843
 
 
 
 
 
Total comprehensive income
 
3,363
62
3,425
Dividends
 
(1,304)
(15)
(1,319)
Share-based payments, net of tax
 
177
-
177
Share of equity-accounted entities' change in equity, net of tax
 
118
-
118
Transactions involving non-controlling interests, net of tax
 
-
38
38
At 31 March 2017
 
97,640
1,642
99,282
 
 
(a)
 
See Note 1 for further information.
 
 
Top of page 15
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Group balance sheet
 
 
 
31 March
31 December
$ million
 
2018
2017
Non-current assets
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment
 
129,002
129,471
Goodwill
 
11,710
11,551
Intangible assets
 
18,003
18,355
Investments in joint ventures
 
8,278
7,994
Investments in associates
 
17,652
16,991
Other investments
 
1,298
1,245
Fixed assets
 
185,943
185,607
Loans
 
571
646
Trade and other receivables
 
1,479
1,434
Derivative financial instruments
 
4,626
4,110
Prepayments
 
1,162
1,112
Deferred tax assets
 
4,176
4,469
Defined benefit pension plan surpluses
 
5,134
4,169
 
 
203,091
201,547
Current assets
 
 
 
Loans
 
267
190
Inventories
 
20,802
19,011
Trade and other receivables
 
23,450
24,849
Derivative financial instruments
 
3,191
3,032
Prepayments
 
1,202
1,414
Current tax receivable
 
928
761
Other investments
 
114
125
Cash and cash equivalents
 
22,242
25,586
 
 
72,196
74,968
Total assets
 
275,287
276,515
Current liabilities
 
 
 
Trade and other payables
 
42,995
44,209
Derivative financial instruments
 
2,664
2,808
Accruals
 
3,799
4,960
Finance debt
 
9,028
7,739
Current tax payable
 
2,103
1,686
Provisions
 
3,218
3,324
 
 
63,807
64,726
Non-current liabilities
 
 
 
Other payables
 
13,961
13,889
Derivative financial instruments
 
3,657
3,761
Accruals
 
592
505
Finance debt
 
53,161
55,491
Deferred tax liabilities
 
8,284
7,982
Provisions
 
20,603
20,620
Defined benefit pension plan and other post-retirement benefit plan deficits
 
9,057
9,137
 
 
109,315
111,385
Total liabilities
 
173,122
176,111
Net assets
 
102,165
100,404
Equity
 
 
 
BP shareholders' equity
 
100,187
98,491
Non-controlling interests
 
1,978
1,913
Total equity
 
102,165
100,404
 
 
Top of page 16
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Condensed group cash flow statement
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Operating activities
 
 
 
 
Profit (loss) before taxation
 
3,911
1,182
2,115
Adjustments to reconcile profit (loss) before taxation to net cash
 
 
 
 
  provided by operating activities
 
 
 
 
  Depreciation, depletion and amortization and exploration
 
 
 
 
    expenditure written off
 
4,357
4,417
4,103
  Impairment and (gain) loss on sale of businesses and fixed assets
 
(14)
(272)
408
  Earnings from equity-accounted entities, less dividends received
 
(536)
(820)
(220)
  Net charge for interest and other finance expense, less net interest paid
 
80
294
252
  Share-based payments
 
237
166
162
  Net operating charge for pensions and other post-retirement benefits,
 
 
 
 
    less contributions and benefit payments for unfunded plans
 
(202)
(215)
(73)
  Net charge for provisions, less payments
 
144
2,244
(177)
  Movements in inventories and other current and non-current assets
 
 
 
 
    and liabilities
 
(3,398)
(60)
(3,600)
  Income taxes paid
 
(933)
(1,033)
(856)
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
3,646
5,903
2,114
Investing activities
 
 
 
 
Expenditure on property, plant and equipment, intangible and other assets
 
(3,586)
(4,422)
(3,823)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
 
-
(16)
(42)
Investment in joint ventures
 
(39)
(15)
(20)
Investment in associates
 
(338)
(368)
(183)
Total cash capital expenditure
 
(3,963)
(4,821)
(4,068)
Proceeds from disposal of fixed assets
 
85
2,287
188
Proceeds from disposal of businesses, net of cash disposed
 
82
173
73
Proceeds from loan repayments
 
9
8
14
Net cash used in investing activities
 
(3,787)
(2,353)
(3,793)
Financing activities
 
 
 
 
Net issue (repurchase) of shares
 
(110)
(343)
-
Proceeds from long-term financing
 
122
201
3,713
Repayments of long-term financing
 
(1,157)
(2,657)
(917)
Net increase (decrease) in short-term debt
 
(349)
(297)
315
Increase in non-controlling interests
 
(1)
982
30
Dividends paid
- BP shareholders
 
(1,829)
(1,627)
(1,304)
 
- non-controlling interests
 
(13)
(32)
(15)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
 
(3,337)
(3,773)
1,822
Currency translation differences relating to cash and cash equivalents
 
145
29
167
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
 
(3,333)
(194)
310
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period(a)
 
25,575
25,780
23,484
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
22,242
25,586
23,794
 
 
(a)
 
See Note 1 for further information.
 
 
Top of page 17
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Notes
Note 1. Basis of preparation
 
The interim financial information included in this report has been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 'Interim Financial Reporting'.
 
The results for the interim periods are unaudited and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments necessary
for a fair presentation of the results for each period. All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. This report should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes for the year ended 31 December 2017 included in BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2017.
 
BP prepares its consolidated financial statements included within BP Annual Report and Form 20-F on the basis of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), IFRS as adopted by the European Union (EU) and in accordance with the provisions of the UK Companies Act 2006. IFRS as adopted by the EU differs in certain respects from IFRS as issued by the IASB. The differences have no impact on the group's consolidated financial statements for the periods presented.
 
The financial information presented herein has been prepared in accordance with the accounting policies expected to be used in preparing BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2018, which are the same as those used in preparing BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2017 with the exception of the implementation of IFRS 9 'Financial Instruments' and IFRS 15 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers' from 1 January 2018.
 
New International Financial Reporting Standards adopted
 
BP has adopted IFRS 9 'Financial Instruments' and IFRS 15 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers' with effect from 1 January 2018. Information on the implementation of new accounting standards is included in BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2017 - Financial statements - Note 1 Significant accounting policies, judgements, estimates and assumptions - Impact of new International Financial Reporting Standards.
 
IFRS 9 'Financial Instruments'
The overall impact on transition to IFRS 9, including the impact upon the group's share of equity-accounted entities, was a reduction of $180 million in net assets, net of tax. This adjustment mainly relates to an increase in the credit reserve of financial assets in the scope of IFRS 9's impairment requirements. As permitted by IFRS 9 comparatives have not been restated. For certain line items in the balance sheet the closing balance at 31 December 2017 and the opening balance at 1 January 2018 therefore differ (as summarized below). Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of 2018 in the Condensed group cash flow statement and Note 9 (Net debt) are the 1 January 2018 amounts included in the table below.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjustment
 
 
31 December
1 January
on adoption
$ million
 
2017
2018
of IFRS 9
Non-current
 
 
 
 
Investments in equity-accounted entities
 
24,985
24,903
(82)
Loans, trade and other receivables
 
2,080
2,069
(11)
Deferred tax liabilities
 
(7,982)
(7,946)
36
Current
 
 
 
 
Loans, trade and other receivables
 
25,039
24,927
(112)
Cash and cash equivalents
 
25,586
25,575
(11)
 
 
 
 
 
Net assets
 
100,404
100,224
(180)
 
IFRS 15 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers'
BP has elected to apply the 'modified retrospective' approach to transition permitted by IFRS 15 under which comparative financial information is not restated. The standard did not have a material effect on the group's financial statements as at 1 January 2018 and so no transition adjustment has been made.
 
An analysis of revenue from contracts with customers by product is presented in Note 4. Amounts presented for comparative periods in 2017 include revenues determined in accordance with the group's previous accounting policies relating to revenue. The total amounts presented do not, therefore, represent the Revenue from contracts with customers that would have been reported for those periods had IFRS 15 been applied using a fully retrospective approach to transition but the differences are not significant.
 
 
Top of page 18
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Note 2. Gulf of Mexico oil spill
 
(a) Overview
The information presented in this note should be read in conjunction with Note 2 of the financial statements and pages 270 - 272 of Legal proceedings included in BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2017.
 
The group income statement includes a pre-tax charge for the first quarter of $86 million which includes the latest estimate for claims and associated administration costs, and $120 million for finance costs relating to the unwinding of discounting effects relating to payables. The cumulative pre-tax income statement charge since the incident, in April 2010, amounts to $65,971 million.
 
The amounts set out below reflect the impacts on the financial statements of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill for the periods presented. The income statement, balance sheet and cash flow statement impacts are included within the relevant line items in those statements as set out below.
 
 
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Income statement
 
 
 
 
Production and manufacturing expenses
 
86
2,221
35
Profit (loss) before interest and taxation
 
(86)
(2,221)
(35)
Finance costs
 
120
124
126
Profit (loss) before taxation
 
(206)
(2,345)
(161)
Taxation
 
61
(2,495)
48
Profit (loss) for the period
 
(145)
(4,840)
(113)
 
 
 
 
 
31 March
31 December
$ million
 
2018
2017
Balance sheet
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
  Trade and other receivables
 
244
252
  Current tax receivable
 
263
-
Current liabilities
 
 
 
  Trade and other payables
 
(894)
(2,089)
  Provisions
 
(1,246)
(1,439)
Net current assets (liabilities)
 
(1,633)
(3,276)
Non-current assets
 
 
 
  Deferred tax assets
 
1,813
2,067
Non-current liabilities
 
 
 
  Other payables
 
(12,375)
(12,253)
  Provisions
 
(985)
(1,141)
  Deferred tax liabilities
 
3,780
3,634
Net non-current assets (liabilities)
 
(7,767)
(7,693)
Net assets (liabilities)
 
(9,400)
(10,969)
 
 
Top of page 19
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Note 2. Gulf of Mexico oil spill (continued)
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Cash flow statement - Operating activities
 
 
 
 
Profit (loss) before taxation
 
(206)
(2,345)
(161)
Adjustments to reconcile profit (loss) before taxation to net cash
 
 
 
 
  provided by operating activities
 
 
 
 
Net charge for interest and other finance expense, less net interest paid
 
120
124
126
Net charge for provisions, less payments
 
54
2,181
(5)
Movements in inventories and other current and non-current
 
 
 
 
  assets and liabilities
 
(1,588)
(413)
(2,254)
Pre-tax cash flows
 
(1,620)
(453)
(2,294)
 
Cash outflows in 2017 and 2018 shown above include payments made under the 2012 agreement with the US government to resolve all federal criminal claims arising from the incident. Included in the current quarter cash outflow is $1,209 million relating to the final payment under the 2012 Department of Justice plea agreement. Net cash from operating activities relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, on a post-tax basis, amounted to an outflow of $1,714 million in the first quarter. For the same period in 2017, the amount was an outflow of $2,294 million.
 
(b) Provisions and other payables
 
Provisions
Movements in the remaining provision, which relates to litigation and claims, are shown in the table below.
 
 
$ million 
 
 
At 1 January 2018
 
2,580
Increase in provision
 
65
Reclassified to other payables
 
(59)
Utilization
 
(355)
At 31 March 2018
 
2,231
 
The provision includes amounts for the future cost of resolving claims by individuals and businesses for damage to real or personal property, lost profits or impairment of earning capacity and loss of subsistence use of natural resources.
 
PSC settlement
The provision reflects the latest estimate for the remaining costs associated with the 2012 Plaintiffs' Steering Committee (PSC) settlement. These costs relate predominantly to business economic loss (BEL) claims and associated administration costs. The amounts ultimately payable may differ from the amount provided and the timing of payments is uncertain.
 
The settlement programme's determination of BEL claims was substantially completed by the end of 2017. Nevertheless, a significant number of BEL claims determined by the settlement programme have been and continue to be appealed by BP and/or the claimants. The amount provided for includes the latest estimate of the amounts that are expected ultimately to be paid to resolve outstanding BEL claims. Claims under appeal will ultimately only be resolved once the full judicial appeals process has been concluded, including appeals to the Federal District Court and Fifth Circuit, as may be the case, or when settlements are reached with individual claimants. Depending upon the ultimate resolution of these claims (including how such resolution may be impacted by the May 2017 Fifth Circuit opinion), the amounts payable may differ from those currently provided.
 
The settlement programme is expected to issue determinations with respect to remaining BEL claims in the first half of 2018. There is uncertainty around how these claims will ultimately be determined, including in relation to the impact of the May 2017 Fifth Circuit opinion on the determination of such claims.
 
Payments to resolve outstanding claims under the PSC settlement are now expected to be made over a number of years. The timing of payments, however, is uncertain, and, in particular, will be impacted by how long it takes to resolve claims that have been appealed and may be appealed in the future.
 
 
Top of page 20
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Note 2. Gulf of Mexico oil spill (continued)
 
Other payables
Other payables include amounts payable under the consent decree and settlement agreement with the United States and the five Gulf coast states for natural resource damages, state claims and Clean Water Act penalties, BP's remaining commitment to fund the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative, and amounts payable for certain economic loss and property damage claims.
 
Further information on provisions, other payables, and contingent liabilities is provided in BP Annual Report and Form
20-F 2017 - Financial statements - Note 2.
 
 
Note 3. Analysis of replacement cost profit (loss) before interest and tax and
reconciliation to profit (loss) before taxation
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Upstream
 
3,174
1,928
1,256
Downstream
 
1,713
1,773
1,706
Rosneft
 
247
321
99
Other businesses and corporate(a)
 
(571)
(2,833)
(431)
 
 
4,563
1,189
2,630
Consolidation adjustment - UPII*
 
(160)
(149)
(68)
RC profit (loss) before interest and tax*
 
4,403
1,040
2,562
Inventory holding gains (losses)*
 
 
 
 
  Upstream
 
1
-
(6)
  Downstream
 
69
719
98
  Rosneft (net of tax)
 
22
97
(26)
Profit (loss) before interest and tax
 
4,495
1,856
2,628
Finance costs
 
553
616
460
Net finance expense relating to pensions and other post-retirement benefits
 
31
58
53
Profit (loss) before taxation
 
3,911
1,182
2,115
 
 
 
 
 
RC profit (loss) before interest and tax*
 
 
 
 
US
 
359
(1,509)
513
Non-US
 
4,044
2,549
2,049
 
 
4,403
1,040
2,562
 
 
(a)
Includes costs related to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. See Note 2 for further information.
 
 
 
Top of page 21
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Note 4. Sales and other operating revenues
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
By segment
 
 
 
 
Upstream
 
13,870
12,651
11,327
Downstream
 
61,406
62,697
50,080
Other businesses and corporate
 
343
480
285
 
 
75,619
75,828
61,692
 
 
 
 
 
Less: sales and other operating revenues between segments
 
 
 
 
Upstream
 
6,733
6,929
5,777
Downstream
 
482
913
(86)
Other businesses and corporate
 
232
170
138
 
 
7,447
8,012
5,829
 
 
 
 
 
Third party sales and other operating revenues
 
 
 
 
Upstream
 
7,137
5,722
5,550
Downstream
 
60,924
61,784
50,166
Other businesses and corporate
 
111
310
147
Total sales and other operating revenues
 
68,172
67,816
55,863
 
 
 
 
 
By geographical area
 
 
 
 
US
 
23,613
24,127
21,152
Non-US
 
51,240
50,778
40,020
 
 
74,853
74,905
61,172
Less: sales and other operating revenues between areas
 
6,681
7,089
5,309
 
 
68,172
67,816
55,863
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and other operating revenues include the following in relation to
 
 
 
 
revenues from contracts with customers:
 
 
 
 
Crude oil
 
14,917
13,838
10,996
Oil products
 
44,130
45,992
36,601
Natural gas, LNG and NGLs
 
5,159
4,777
3,838
Non-oil products and other revenues from contracts with customers
 
3,495
3,773
2,864
Revenues from contracts with customers(a)
 
67,701
68,380
54,299
 
 
(a)
See Note 1 for further information.
 
 
 
Note 5. Depreciation, depletion and amortization
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Upstream
 
 
 
 
US
 
1,088
1,107
1,237
Non-US
 
2,272
2,339
2,054
 
 
3,360
3,446
3,291
Downstream
 
 
 
 
US
 
219
218
216
Non-US
 
302
301
279
 
 
521
519
495
Other businesses and corporate
 
 
 
 
US
 
16
16
16
Non-US
 
34
64
40
 
 
50
80
56
Total group
 
3,931
4,045
3,842
 
 
Top of page 22
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Note 6. Production and similar taxes
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
US
 
90
44
36
Non-US
 
278
467
432
 
 
368
511
468
 
 
Note 7. Earnings per share and shares in issue
 
Basic earnings per ordinary share (EpS) amounts are calculated by dividing the profit (loss) for the period attributable to ordinary shareholders by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period. During the quarter the company repurchased for cancellation 18 million ordinary shares for a total cost of $120 million, including transaction costs of $1 million, as part of the share buyback programme as announced on 31 October 2017. The number of shares in issue is reduced when shares are repurchased.
 
The calculation of EpS is performed separately for each discrete quarterly period, and for the year-to-date period. As a result, the sum of the discrete quarterly EpS amounts in any particular year-to-date period may not be equal to the EpS amount for the year-to-date period.
 
For the diluted EpS calculation the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the number of shares that are potentially issuable in connection with employee share-based payment plans using the treasury stock method.
 
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Results for the period
 
 
 
 
Profit (loss) for the period attributable to BP shareholders
 
2,469
27
1,449
Less: preference dividend
 
-
-
-
Profit (loss) attributable to BP ordinary shareholders
 
2,469
27
1,449
 
 
 
 
 
Number of shares (thousand)(a)
 
 
 
 
Basic weighted average number of shares outstanding
 
19,918,700
19,804,932
19,518,500
ADS equivalent
 
3,319,783
3,300,822
3,253,083
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding used to calculate
 
 
 
 
  diluted earnings per share
 
20,030,656
19,929,655
19,621,566
ADS equivalent
 
3,338,442
3,321,609
3,270,261
 
 
 
 
 
Shares in issue at period-end
 
19,943,591
19,817,325
19,664,528
ADS equivalent
 
3,323,931
3,302,887
3,277,421
 
 
(a)
 
Excludes treasury shares and includes certain shares that will be issued in the future under employee share-based payment plans.
 
 
 
Top of page 23
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Note 8. Dividends
 
Dividends payable
BP today announced an interim dividend of 10.00 cents per ordinary share which is expected to be paid on 22 June 2018 to shareholders and American Depositary Share (ADS) holders on the register on 11 May 2018. The corresponding amount in sterling is due to be announced on 11 June 2018, calculated based on the average of the market exchange rates for the four dealing days commencing on 5 June 2018. Holders of ADSs are expected to receive $0.600 per ADS (less applicable fees). A scrip dividend alternative is available, allowing shareholders to elect to receive their dividend in the form of new ordinary shares and ADS holders in the form of new ADSs. Details of the first quarter dividend and timetable are available at bp.com/dividends and details of the scrip dividend programme are available at bp.com/scrip.
 
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
 
 
2018
2017
2017
Dividends paid per ordinary share
 
 
 
 
  cents
 
10.000
10.000
10.000
  pence
 
7.169
7.443
8.159
Dividends paid per ADS (cents)
 
60.00
60.00
60.00
Scrip dividends
 
 
 
 
Number of shares issued (millions)
 
23.4
53.3
115.1
Value of shares issued ($ million)
 
155
354
642
 
 
Note 9. Net Debt*
 
Net debt ratio *
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Gross debt
 
62,189
63,230
61,832
Fair value (asset) liability of hedges related to finance debt(a)
 
46
175
597
 
 
62,235
63,405
62,429
Less: cash and cash equivalents
 
22,242
25,586
23,794
Net debt
 
39,993
37,819
38,635
Equity
 
102,165
100,404
99,282
Net debt ratio
 
28.1%
27.4%
28.0%
 
 
 
Analysis of changes in net debt
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Opening balance
 
 
 
 
Finance debt
 
63,230
65,784
58,300
Fair value (asset) liability of hedges related to finance debt(a)
 
175
(227)
697
Less: cash and cash equivalents(b)
 
25,575
25,780
23,484
Opening net debt
 
37,830
39,777
35,513
Closing balance
 
 
 
 
Finance debt
 
62,189
63,230
61,832
Fair value (asset) liability of hedges related to finance debt(a)
 
46
175
597
Less: cash and cash equivalents
 
22,242
25,586
23,794
Closing net debt
 
39,993
37,819
38,635
Decrease (increase) in net debt
 
(2,163)
1,958
(3,122)
Movement in cash and cash equivalents (excluding exchange adjustments)
 
(3,478)
(223)
143
Net cash outflow (inflow) from financing(c)
 
1,384
2,511
(3,111)
Other movements
 
(27)
(299)
(66)
Movement in net debt before exchange effects
 
(2,121)
1,989
(3,034)
Exchange adjustments(c)
 
(42)
(31)
(88)
Decrease (increase) in net debt
 
(2,163)
1,958
(3,122)
 
 
(a)
 
Derivative financial instruments entered into for the purpose of managing interest rate and foreign currency exchange risk associated with net debt with a fair value liability position of $457 million (fourth quarter 2017 liability of $634 million and first quarter 2017 liability of $1,746 million) are not included in the calculation of net debt shown above as hedge accounting is not applied for these instruments.
 
(b)
 
See Note 1 for further information.
 
(c)
 
An amendment has been made to reduce the amount presented for net financing cash outflow for the fourth quarter of 2017 by $242 million to eliminate cash flows related to non-hedge accounted derivatives. Exchange adjustments have been amended by the same amount with no overall change in net debt.
 
 
 
Top of page 24
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Note 10. Statutory accounts
 
The financial information shown in this publication, which was approved by the Board of Directors on 30 April 2018, is unaudited and does not constitute statutory financial statements. Audited financial information will be published in BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2018. BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2017 has been delivered to the Registrar of Companies in England and Wales. The report of the auditor on those accounts was unqualified and did not contain a statement under section 498(2) or section 498(3) of the UK Companies Act 2006.
 
 
Top of page 25
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Additional information
Capital expenditure*
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Capital expenditure on a cash basis
 
 
 
 
Organic capital expenditure*
 
3,538
4,622
3,538
Inorganic capital expenditure*(a)
 
425
199
530
 
 
3,963
4,821
4,068
 
 
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Organic capital expenditure by segment
 
 
 
 
Upstream
 
 
 
 
US
 
754
726
641
Non-US
 
2,112
2,819
2,339
 
 
2,866
3,545
2,980
Downstream
 
 
 
 
US
 
171
349
152
Non-US
 
447
598
320
 
 
618
947
472
Other businesses and corporate
 
 
 
 
US
 
7
30
21
Non-US
 
47
100
65
 
 
54
130
86
 
 
3,538
4,622
3,538
Organic capital expenditure by geographical area
 
 
 
 
US
 
932
1,105
814
Non-US
 
2,606
3,517
2,724
 
 
3,538
4,622
3,538
 
 
(a)
 
First quarter 2018 includes amounts relating to the 25-year extension to our ACG production-sharing agreement in Azerbaijan.
First quarter 2017 includes amounts paid to purchase an interest in the Zohr gas field in Egypt and in exploration blocks in Senegal.
 
 
 
Top of page 26
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Non-operating items*
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Upstream
 
 
 
 
Impairment and gain (loss) on sale of businesses and fixed assets(a)
 
26
(181)
(382)
Environmental and other provisions
 
-
1
-
Restructuring, integration and rationalization costs
 
1
(4)
2
Fair value gain (loss) on embedded derivatives
 
7
2
25
Other(b)
 
(138)
38
(5)
 
 
(104)
(144)
(360)
Downstream
 
 
 
 
Impairment and gain (loss) on sale of businesses and fixed assets(c)
 
(14)
469
(11)
Environmental and other provisions
 
-
(19)
-
Restructuring, integration and rationalization costs
 
(36)
(69)
(65)
Fair value gain (loss) on embedded derivatives
 
-
-
-
Other
 
(3)
1
-
 
 
(53)
382
(76)
Rosneft
 
 
 
 
Impairment and gain (loss) on sale of businesses and fixed assets
 
-
-
-
Environmental and other provisions
 
-
-
-
Restructuring, integration and rationalization costs
 
-
-
-
Fair value gain (loss) on embedded derivatives
 
-
-
-
Other
 
-
-
-
 
 
-
-
-
Other businesses and corporate
 
 
 
 
Impairment and gain (loss) on sale of businesses and fixed assets
 
2
(16)
(15)
Environmental and other provisions
 
(21)
(153)
-
Restructuring, integration and rationalization costs
 
(15)
(35)
(8)
Fair value gain (loss) on embedded derivatives
 
-
-
-
Gulf of Mexico oil spill(d)
 
(86)
(2,221)
(35)
Other
 
(59)
(14)
67
 
 
(179)
(2,439)
9
Total before interest and taxation
 
(336)
(2,201)
(427)
Finance costs(d)
 
(120)
(124)
(126)
Total before taxation
 
(456)
(2,325)
(553)
Taxation credit (charge) on non-operating items(e)
 
88
669
248
Taxation - impact of US tax reform(f)
 
121
(859)
-
Total after taxation for period
 
(247)
(2,515)
(305)
 
 
(a)
 
Fourth quarter 2017 includes an impairment charge relating to the US Lower 48 business, partially offset by gains associated with asset divestments. First quarter 2017 includes an impairment charge arising following the announcement of the agreement to sell the Forties Pipeline System business to INEOS.
 
(b)
 
Fourth quarter 2017 includes BP's share of an impairment reversal recognized by the Angola LNG equity-accounted entity, partially offset by other items.
 
(c)
 
Fourth quarter 2017 gain primarily reflects the disposal of our shareholding in the SECCO joint venture.
 
(d)
 
See Note 2 for further details regarding costs relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
 
(e)
 
Fourth quarter 2017 includes the tax effect of the increase in the provision in the fourth quarter for business economic loss and other claims associated with the Deepwater Horizon Court Supervised Settlement Program (DHCSSP) at the new US tax rate.
 
(f)
 
Fourth quarter 2017 includes the impact of US tax reform, which reduced the US federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% effective from 1 January 2018. The impact disclosed has been calculated as the change in deferred tax balances at 31 December 2017, excluding the increase in the provision in the fourth quarter for business economic loss and other claims associated with the DHCSSP, which arises following the reduction in the tax rate. First quarter 2018 reflects a further impact following a clarification of the tax reform. The impact of the US tax reform has been treated as a non-operating item because it is not considered to be part of underlying business operations, has a material impact upon the reported result and is substantially impacted by Gulf of Mexico oil spill charges, which are also treated as non-operating items. Separate disclosure is considered meaningful and relevant to investors.
 
 
 
Top of page 27
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Non-GAAP information on fair value accounting effects
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Favourable (adverse) impact relative to management's measure
 
 
 
 
  of performance
 
 
 
 
Upstream
 
121
(151)
246
Downstream
 
(60)
(83)
40
 
 
61
(234)
286
Taxation credit (charge)
 
(11)
59
(79)
 
 
50
(175)
207
 
BP uses derivative instruments to manage the economic exposure relating to inventories above normal operating requirements of crude oil, natural gas and petroleum products. Under IFRS, these inventories are recorded at historical cost. The related derivative instruments, however, are required to be recorded at fair value with gains and losses recognized in the income statement. This is because hedge accounting is either not permitted or not followed, principally due to the impracticality of effectiveness-testing requirements. Therefore, measurement differences in relation to recognition of gains and losses occur. Gains and losses on these inventories are not recognized until the commodity is sold in a subsequent accounting period. Gains and losses on the related derivative commodity contracts are recognized in the income statement, from the time the derivative commodity contract is entered into, on a fair value basis using forward prices consistent with the contract maturity.
 
BP enters into physical commodity contracts to meet certain business requirements, such as the purchase of crude for a refinery or the sale of BP's gas production. Under IFRS these physical contracts are treated as derivatives and are required to be fair valued when they are managed as part of a larger portfolio of similar transactions. Gains and losses arising are recognized in the income statement from the time the derivative commodity contract is entered into.
 
IFRS require that inventory held for trading is recorded at its fair value using period-end spot prices, whereas any related derivative commodity instruments are required to be recorded at values based on forward prices consistent with the contract maturity. Depending on market conditions, these forward prices can be either higher or lower than spot prices, resulting in measurement differences.
 
BP enters into contracts for pipelines and storage capacity, oil and gas processing and liquefied natural gas (LNG) that, under IFRS, are recorded on an accruals basis. These contracts are risk-managed using a variety of derivative instruments that are fair valued under IFRS. This results in measurement differences in relation to recognition of gains and losses.
 
The way that BP manages the economic exposures described above, and measures performance internally, differs from the way these activities are measured under IFRS. BP calculates this difference for consolidated entities by comparing the IFRS result with management's internal measure of performance. Under management's internal measure of performance the inventory and capacity contracts in question are valued based on fair value using relevant forward prices prevailing at the end of the period. The fair values of derivative instruments used to risk manage certain oil, gas and other contracts, are deferred to match with the underlying exposure and the commodity contracts for business requirements are accounted for on an accruals basis. We believe that disclosing management's estimate of this difference provides useful information for investors because it enables investors to see the economic effect of these activities as a whole.
 
In addition, from the first quarter 2018 fair value accounting effects include changes in the fair value of the near-term portions of LNG contracts that fall within BP's risk management framework. LNG contracts are not considered derivatives, because there is insufficient market liquidity, and they are therefore accrual accounted under IFRS. However, oil and natural gas derivative financial instruments (used to risk manage the near-term portions of the LNG contracts) are fair valued under IFRS. The fair value accounting effect reduces timing differences between recognition of the derivative financial instruments used to risk manage the LNG contracts and the recognition of the LNG contracts themselves, which therefore gives a better representation of performance in each period. Comparative information has not been restated on the basis that the effect was not material.
 
 
Top of page 28
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Non-GAAP information on fair value accounting effects (continued)
 
The impacts of fair value accounting effects, relative to management's internal measure of performance, are shown in the table above. A reconciliation to GAAP information is set out below.
 
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
$ million
 
2018
2017
2017
Upstream
 
 
 
 
Replacement cost profit before interest and tax
 
 
 
 
  adjusted for fair value accounting effects
 
3,053
2,079
1,010
Impact of fair value accounting effects
 
121
(151)
246
Replacement cost profit before interest and tax
 
3,174
1,928
1,256
Downstream
 
 
 
 
Replacement cost profit before interest and tax
 
 
 
 
  adjusted for fair value accounting effects
 
1,773
1,856
1,666
Impact of fair value accounting effects
 
(60)
(83)
40
Replacement cost profit before interest and tax
 
1,713
1,773
1,706
Total group
 
 
 
 
Profit (loss) before interest and tax adjusted for fair value accounting effects
 
4,434
2,090
2,342
Impact of fair value accounting effects
 
61
(234)
286
Profit (loss) before interest and tax
 
4,495
1,856
2,628
 
 
Readily marketable inventory* (RMI)
 
 
 
31 March
31 December
$ million
 
2018
2017
RMI at fair value*
 
7,353
5,661
Paid-up RMI*
 
3,623
2,688
 
Readily marketable inventory (RMI) is oil and oil products inventory held and price risk-managed by BP's integrated supply and trading function (IST) which could be sold to generate funds if required. Paid-up RMI is RMI that BP has paid for.
 
We believe that disclosing the amounts of RMI and paid-up RMI is useful to investors as it enables them to better understand and evaluate the group's inventories and liquidity position by enabling them to see the level of discretionary inventory held by IST and to see builds or releases of liquid trading inventory.
 
See the Glossary on page 30 for a more detailed definition of RMI. RMI, RMI at fair value, paid-up RMI and unpaid RMI are non-GAAP measures. A reconciliation of total inventory as reported on the group balance sheet to paid-up RMI is provided below.
 
 
 
 
31 March
31 December
$ million
 
2018
2017
Reconciliation of total inventory to paid-up RMI
 
 
 
Inventories as reported on the group balance sheet under IFRS
 
20,802
19,011
Less: (a) inventories which are not oil and oil products and (b) oil and oil
 
 
 
  product inventories which are not risk-managed by IST
 
(14,020)
(13,929)
 
 
6,782
5,082
Plus: difference between RMI at fair value and RMI on an IFRS basis
 
571
579
RMI at fair value
 
7,353
5,661
Less: unpaid RMI* at fair value
 
(3,730)
(2,973)
Paid-up RMI
 
3,623
2,688
 
 
Top of page 29
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Realizations* and marker prices
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
 
 
2018
2017
2017
Average realizations(a)
 
 
 
 
Liquids* ($/bbl)
 
 
 
 
US
 
57.77
51.50
46.34
Europe
 
65.81
57.92
53.28
Rest of World
 
63.30
59.09
51.79
BP Average
 
61.40
56.16
49.87
Natural gas ($/mcf)
 
 
 
 
US
 
2.25
2.28
2.50
Europe
 
7.18
5.56
5.40
Rest of World
 
4.22
3.51
3.85
BP Average
 
3.78
3.23
3.50
Total hydrocarbons* ($/boe)
 
 
 
 
US
 
39.65
35.75
34.29
Europe
 
60.78
52.17
46.69
Rest of World
 
40.54
37.27
37.93
BP Average
 
41.39
37.48
37.19
Average oil marker prices ($/bbl)
 
 
 
 
Brent
 
66.82
61.26
53.69
West Texas Intermediate
 
62.90
55.23
51.70
Western Canadian Select
 
36.84
38.74
38.77
Alaska North Slope
 
67.20
61.31
53.82
Mars
 
62.44
57.70
49.59
Urals (NWE - cif)
 
65.27
60.17
51.88
Average natural gas marker prices
 
 
 
 
Henry Hub gas price(b) ($/mmBtu)
 
3.01
2.93
3.32
UK Gas - National Balancing Point (p/therm)
 
57.97
51.94
48.19
 
 
(a)
 
Based on sales of consolidated subsidiaries only - this excludes equity-accounted entities.
 
(b)
 
Henry Hub First of Month Index.
 
 
 
Exchange rates
 
 
 
First
Fourth
First
 
 
quarter
quarter
quarter
 
 
2018
2017
2017
$/£ average rate for the period
 
1.39
1.33
1.24
$/£ period-end rate
 
1.41
1.34
1.25
 
 
 
 
 
$/€ average rate for the period
 
1.23
1.18
1.07
$/€ period-end rate
 
1.24
1.19
1.07
 
 
 
 
 
Rouble/$ average rate for the period
 
56.88
58.46
58.72
Rouble/$ period-end rate
 
57.72
57.60
56.01
 
 
Top of page 30
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Legal proceedings
For a full discussion of the group's material legal proceedings, see pages 270-273 of BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2017.
 
Glossary
Non-GAAP measures are provided for investors because they are closely tracked by management to evaluate BP's operating performance and to make financial, strategic and operating decisions. Non-GAAP measures are sometimes referred to as alternative performance measures.
 
Capital expenditure is total cash capital expenditure as stated in the condensed group cash flow statement.
 
Consolidation adjustment - UPII is unrealized profit in inventory arising on inter-segment transactions.
 
Divestment proceeds are disposal proceeds as per the condensed group cash flow statement.
 
Effective tax rate (ETR) on replacement cost (RC) profit or loss is a non-GAAP measure. The ETR on RC profit or loss is calculated by dividing taxation on a RC basis by RC profit or loss before tax. Information on RC profit or loss is provided below. BP believes it is helpful to disclose the ETR on RC profit or loss because this measure excludes the impact of price changes on the replacement of inventories and allows for more meaningful comparisons between reporting periods. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis is the ETR on profit or loss for the period.
 
Fair value accounting effects are non-GAAP adjustments to our IFRS profit (loss). They reflect the difference between the way BP manages the economic exposure and internally measures performance of certain activities and the way those activities are measured under IFRS. Further information on fair value accounting effects is provided on page 27.
 
Gearing - See Net debt and net debt ratio definition.
 
Hydrocarbons - Liquids and natural gas. Natural gas is converted to oil equivalent at 5.8 billion cubic feet = 1 million barrels.
 
Inorganic capital expenditure is a subset of capital expenditure and is a non-GAAP measure. Inorganic capital expenditure comprises consideration in business combinations and certain other significant investments made by the group. It is reported on a cash basis. BP believes that this measure provides useful information as it allows investors to understand how BP's management invests funds in projects which expand the group's activities through acquisition. Further information and a reconciliation to GAAP information is provided on page 25.
 
Inventory holding gains and losses represent the difference between the cost of sales calculated using the replacement cost of inventory and the cost of sales calculated on the first-in first-out (FIFO) method after adjusting for any changes in provisions where the net realizable value of the inventory is lower than its cost. Under the FIFO method, which we use for IFRS reporting, the cost of inventory charged to the income statement is based on its historical cost of purchase or manufacture, rather than its replacement cost. In volatile energy markets, this can have a significant distorting effect on reported income. The amounts disclosed represent the difference between the charge to the income statement for inventory on a FIFO basis (after adjusting for any related movements in net realizable value provisions) and the charge
that would have arisen based on the replacement cost of inventory. For this purpose, the replacement cost of inventory is calculated using data from each operation's production and manufacturing system, either on a monthly basis, or separately for each transaction where the system allows this approach. The amounts disclosed are not separately reflected in the financial statements as a gain or loss. No adjustment is made in respect of the cost of inventories held as part of a trading position and certain other temporary inventory positions. See Replacement cost (RC) profit or loss definition below.
 
Liquids - Liquids for Upstream and Rosneft comprises crude oil, condensate and natural gas liquids. For Upstream, liquids also includes bitumen.
 
Major projects have a BP net investment of at least $250 million, or are considered to be of strategic importance to BP or of a high degree of complexity.
 
 
Top of page 31
BP p.l.c. Group results
Fourth quarter and full year 2017
 
 
 
Glossary (continued)
Net debt and net debt ratio are non-GAAP measures. Net debt is calculated as gross finance debt, as shown in the balance sheet, plus the fair value of associated derivative financial instruments that are used to hedge foreign currency exchange and interest rate risks relating to finance debt, for which hedge accounting is applied, less cash and cash equivalents. The net debt ratio is defined as the ratio of net debt to the total of net debt plus shareholders' equity. All components of equity are included in the denominator of the calculation. BP believes these measures provide useful information to investors. Net debt enables investors to see the economic effect of gross debt, related hedges and cash and cash equivalents in total. The net debt ratio enables investors to see how significant net debt is relative to equity from shareholders. The derivatives are reported on the balance sheet within the headings 'Derivative financial instruments'. The nearest equivalent GAAP measures on an IFRS basis are gross debt and gross debt ratio. A reconciliation of gross debt to net debt is provided on page 23.
 
We are unable to present reconciliations of forward-looking information for net debt ratio to gross debt ratio, because without unreasonable efforts, we are unable to forecast accurately certain adjusting items required to present a meaningful comparable GAAP forward-looking financial measure. These items include fair value asset (liability) of hedges related to finance debt and cash and cash equivalents, that are difficult to predict in advance in order to include in a GAAP estimate.
 
Net wind generation capacity is the sum of the rated capacities of the assets/turbines that have entered into commercial operation, including BP's share of equity-accounted entities.
 
Non-operating items are charges and credits included in the financial statements that BP discloses separately because it considers such disclosures to be meaningful and relevant to investors. They are items that management considers not to be part of underlying business operations and are disclosed in order to enable investors better to understand and evaluate the group's reported financial performance. Non-operating items within equity-accounted earnings are reported net of incremental income tax reported by the equity-accounted entity. An analysis of non-operating items by region is shown on pages 7, 9 and 11, and by segment and type is shown on page 26.
 
Operating cash flow is net cash provided by (used in) operating activities as stated in the condensed group cash flow statement. When used in the context of a segment rather than the group, the terms refer to the segment's share thereof.
 
Operating cash flow excluding Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments is a non-GAAP measure. It is calculated by excluding post-tax operating cash flows relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill as reported in Note 2 from net cash provided by operating activities as reported in the condensed group cash flow statement. BP believes net cash provided by operating activities excluding amounts related to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill is a useful measure as it allows for more meaningful comparisons between reporting periods. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis is net cash provided by operating activities. Changes in working capital are calculated by excluding amounts relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill from movements in inventories and other current and non-current assets and liabilities as reported in the condensed group cash flow statement. Change in working capital adjusted for inventory holding gains/losses is calculated by also adjusting for inventory holding gains/losses reported in the period and this therefore represents what would have been reported as movements in inventories and other current and non-current assets and liabilities, if the starting point in determining net cash provided by operating activities had been replacement cost profit rather than profit for the period. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis for this is movements in inventories and other current and non-current assets and liabilities.
 
Organic capital expenditure is a subset of capital expenditure and is a non-GAAP measure. Organic capital expenditure comprises capital expenditure less inorganic capital expenditure. BP believes that this measure provides useful information as it allows investors to understand how BP's management invests funds in developing and maintaining the group's assets. An analysis of organic capital expenditure by segment and region, and a reconciliation to GAAP information is provided on page 25.
 
We are unable to present reconciliations of forward-looking information for organic capital expenditure to total cash capital expenditure, because without unreasonable efforts, we are unable to forecast accurately the adjusting item, inorganic capital expenditure, that is difficult to predict in advance in order to derive the nearest GAAP estimate.
 
 
Top of page 32
BP p.l.c. Group results
First quarter 2018
 
 
 
Glossary (continued)
 
Production-sharing agreement (PSA) is an arrangement through which an oil and gas company bears the risks and costs of exploration, development and production. In return, if exploration is successful, the oil company receives entitlement to variable physical volumes of hydrocarbons, representing recovery of the costs incurred and a stipulated share of the production remaining after such cost recovery.
 
Readily marketable inventory (RMI) is inventory held and price risk-managed by our integrated supply and trading function (IST) which could be sold to generate funds if required. It comprises oil and oil products for which liquid markets are available and excludes inventory which is required to meet operational requirements and other inventory which is not price risk-managed. RMI is reported at fair value. Inventory held by the Downstream fuels business for the purpose of sales and marketing, and all inventories relating to the lubricants and petrochemicals businesses, are not included in RMI.
 
Paid-up RMI excludes RMI which has not yet been paid for. For inventory that is held in storage, a first-in first-out (FIFO) approach is used to determine whether inventory has been paid for or not. Unpaid RMI is RMI which has not yet been paid for by BP. RMI, RMI at fair value, Paid-up RMI and Unpaid RMI are non-GAAP measures. Further information is provided on page 28.
 
Realizations are the result of dividing revenue generated from hydrocarbon sales, excluding revenue generated from purchases made for resale and royalty volumes, by revenue generating hydrocarbon production volumes. Revenue generating hydrocarbon production reflects the BP share of production as adjusted for any production which does not generate revenue. Adjustments may include losses due to shrinkage, amounts consumed during processing, and contractual or regulatory host committed volumes such as royalties.
 
Refining availability represents Solomon Associates' operational availability, which is defined as the percentage of the year that a unit is available for processing after subtracting the annualized time lost due to turnaround activity and all planned mechanical, process and regulatory downtime.
 
The Refining marker margin (RMM) is the average of regional indicator margins weighted for BP's crude refining capacity in each region. Each regional marker margin is based on product yields and a marker crude oil deemed appropriate for the region. The regional indicator margins may not be representative of the margins achieved by BP in any period because of BP's particular refinery configurations and crude and product slate.
 
Replacement cost (RC) profit or loss reflects the replacement cost of inventories sold in the period and is arrived at by excluding inventory holding gains and losses from profit or loss. RC profit or loss is the measure of profit or loss that is required to be disclosed for each operating segment under IFRS. RC profit or loss for the group is not a recognized GAAP measure. BP believes th